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SNW Smith Consultants Pvt. Ltd, 8 th Floor, Commercial Tower, Hotel Le Meredien, Janpath, New Delhi Vs. ACIT, Central Circle 5, New Delhi
November, 30th 2020



(Through Video Conferencing)

ITA No. 1588/Del/2020

(Assessment Year: 2018-19)

SNW Smith Consultants Pvt. Vs. ACIT,

Ltd, Central Circle-5,
8th Floor, Commercial Tower, New Delhi

Hotel Le-Meredien, Janpath,

New Delhi


(Appellant) (Respondent)

Assessee by : Ms. Hasneeta Matta, Adv
Shri Mahesh Kumar, Adv
Revenue by: Shri H. K. Choudhary, CIT DR
Date of Hearing
Date of pronouncement 04/11/2020



1. This appeal is filed by the assessee against the order of the ld CIT(A)-24,

New Delhi dated 05.08.2020 for the Assessment Year 2018-19, wherein,

the sum of Rs. 1886568/- disallowed by the ld AO were confirmed.

2. The assessee has raised the following grounds of appeal:-

“1. The appellant is a company engaged in the business activities of
trade finance, like Letter of Credit and Bill discounting besides
consultancy, advisory, structuring and management services
relating to trade finance transactions.

2. The return of income for the year under consideration was filed on
30.10.2018 declaring a loss of Rs.21,39,712/.

3. The said return was taken up for assessment u/s 143(3) of the
Income Tax Act, 1961 ("Act") and order dated 30.12.2019 passed
by Asstt. CIT, Central Circle-5, New Delhi ("Ld. A.O."), assessing
the loss at Rs.2,53,144/- after a total disallowance of
Rs.18,86,568/- being expenses on account of professional charges
(Rs.10,20,000/-) and security services (Rs.8,66,568/-).

Page | 1
4. The Ld. A.O. disallowed the professional charges and security
services on the ground that there was no business activity of the
appellant during the year and that the appellant has not incurred
any expenses on rent during the year.

5. During the course of the assessment vide letter dated 25.12.2019 it
was submitted that "during the year the business was continued,
bank accounts maintained, all statutory compliances were made
and the only thing is that no revenue collected during the year and
it does not meant that the business has been discontinued".

6. The appellant preferred an application dated 03.02.2020 u/s 154 of
the Act seeking rectification of mistake apparent from record as the
business expenses incurred are bonafide business expenses as per
audited financials which were available with the Ld. A.O. The said
application was dismissed vide order dated 06.02.2020 u/s 154 of
the Act.”

3. Brief facts of the case shows that the assessee is a company engaged in
the business of trade finance. It consists of advisory on letter of credit,
bill discounting, advisory, management services relating to trade finance
transactions. The assessee filed return of income on 30.10.2018 declaring
a loss of Rs. 2139712/-. The case of the assessee was taken up for
scrutiny. There is also one more fact which need to be looked into that
search in this case was initiated on 28.11.2017. On perusal of the profit
and loss account the ld AO found that the assessee has claimed
expenditure on account of professional charges and security services
amounting to Rs. 1020,000/- and Rs. 866568/- respectively. The ld AO
noted that there was no business during the year therefore, he asked that
why the above sum should not be disallowed as there is no business in
that company. He further noted that as there is no rent paid why
expenses can be claimed on security charges. The assessee submitted
that during the year the business of the assessee continued, bank
account were maintained and all statutory compliance were made. It was
further stated that as no revenue could be collected, it does not mean
that business has been discontinued. The ld AO was not impressed by the
explanation as the assessee did not carry out any activity. Further as no
rent was paid how the security expenditure were incurred was also
doubted. Therefore, he disallowed the above sum of Rs. 1886568/- and

Page | 2
determined the total loss of the assessee as per order dated 30.12.2019
at Rs. 253144/-.

4. The assessee aggrieved, preferred an appeal before the ld CIT(A). The ld
CIT(A) confirmed the above disallowances. He held that the appellant did
not have business receipt and there was no justification as to why this
expenditure were incurred. He further held that no evidence has been
furnished that any business has been set up by the appellant company.
Therefore, assessee is in appeal before us.

5. The ld AR submitted a detailed paper book containing 5 pages wherein,
the copies of the invoices of consultancy and security services charges
along with ledger account are furnished. The ld AR further submitted a
detailed compilation of several judicial precedents for allowability of this
expenditure. In the end the ld AR submitted that the above expenditure is
allowable to the assessee as in the absence of the categorical finding that
the business ceased to exist or has been closed, genuine business
expenditure cannot be disallowed merely because no revenue generating
activity has taken place in given year. For this proposition she relied upon
the decision of the coordinate bench in Aarkaaye Builders and
Development Pvt. Ltd Vs. ITO 3552/Del/2011. She also relied upon the
decision of the Hon’ble Delhi High Court in CIT Vs. Dhookketu Builders
and Development Pvt. Ltd 216 Taxmann 76.

6. The ld DR vehemently supported the orders of the lower authorities. He
submitted that the assessee has paid a sum of Rs. 10 lakhs to one person
for legal advisory as a professional fees. The assessee has not given any
details about the nature of the services for which client these above fees
was paid. He further referred to the nature of the business of the
assessee and submitted that in absence of any work the above
expenditure cannot be allowed as taxable expenditure. He further
submitted that it is also not shown that where these expenditure has
been incurred on behalf of a client or on its behalf. He further stated that
the assessee did not explain that what documents were examined by the
lawyer or consultant for which fees was paid for legal advisory. With

Page | 3
respect to security services he submitted that there is no property owned
or rented by assessee and therefore what for security services charges
paid by the assessee is not clear. He therefore, submitted that the
assessee has failed to provide any justification of those expenditure
whether there are wholly incurred for the purpose of business or not.

7. We have carefully considered the rival contentions and perused the
orders of the lower authorities. The assessee has incurred certain
expenditure which is disallowed by the ld AO for the reason that the
assessee does not have any income during the year and consequently no
premises were available with the assessee. Before the ld CIT(A) the
assessee submitted the details of professional fees of Rs. 10 lakhs to Mr.
Raj Narayan Gupta and fees of Rs. 20 lakhs paid to MZ and Associates.
With respect to security services it was stated that the assessee has not
paid any rent but has moved into basement of Thapar House being the
premise of its group company. The assessee carried out its work from
that premises and therefore, security personal continued to be deployed.
For the above proposition the assessee has only produced the copies of
the bills and ledger account of the expenditure. With respect to the legal
expenditure of Rs. 10 lakhs it was not known that what for the above
legal expenditure were paid by the assessee. The narration of the above
bills speaks that it is professional fees for providing legal opinion and
drafting of various legal documents for the clients of the assessee Rs. 10
lakhs are charged. With respect to Rs. 20,000/- the same were paid for
the certification related to the companies law filing with MCA. Therefore
out of professional fees Rs. 1020,000/- disallowance of Rs. 20,000/-
requires to be deleted. But for the legal fees / professional charges,
assessee needs to show that whether these expenditure are wholly and
exclusively incurred for the purposes of business. Assessee also needs to
elaborate the facts about the fact business of the assessee has not
ceased to exist. Further, with respect to the security charges a sum of Rs.
60450/- per month were paid to one agency for providing security
charges, but assessee needs to establish that those premises are used for
the purposes of the business of the assessee. Assessee must show that
Page | 4
it operates from that premises and why it bears whole of the security
charges. In view of this, we set aside issue back to the file of the ld AO
with respect to legal fees of Rs 10 Lakhs and Security charges with
direction to the assessee to prove that same were incurred for the
purposes of the business and business of the assessee has not ceased to
exist. The judicial precedents relied up on by ld AR on different and
distinguishing facts. In the result ground no 3 of the appeal is partly

8. All other grounds of appeal are merely supportive in nature.

9. In the result appeal of the assessee is partly allowed with above

Order pronounced in the open court on 27/11/2020.

-Sd/- -Sd/-

Sd/- Sd/-

Dated : 27/11/2020
A K Keot

Copy forwarded to

1. Applicant
2. Respondent
3. CIT
4. CIT (A)

ITAT, New Delhi

Page | 5
Date of dictation 25.11.2020
Date on which the typed draft is placed before the 25.11.2020
dictating member 27.11.2020
Date on which the typed draft is placed before the 27.11.2020
other member 27.11.2020
Date on which the approved draft comes to the Sr. 27.11.2020
PS/ PS 27.11.2020
Date on which the fair order is placed before the 27.11.2020
dictating member for pronouncement
Date on which the fair order comes back to the Sr.
Date on which the final order is uploaded on the
website of ITAT
date on which the file goes to the Bench Clerk
Date on which the file goes to the Head Clerk
The date on which the file goes to the Assistant
Registrar for signature on the order
Date of dispatch of the order

Page | 6

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