CIT vs. Baljeet Securities Pvt. Ltd (Calcutta High Court)
June, 11th 2014
Expl to s. 73: Speculation loss on transactions in derivatives can be set off against the gains of delivery shares
In AY 2005-06, the assessee, a share broker, entered into derivatives in which it suffered losses. The said losses constituted “speculation loss” (prior to the exclusion of derivatives from the ambit of speculative transactions under clause (d) of s. 43 (5) w.e.f. AY 2006-07). The assessee claimed that the said speculation loss was eligible to be set-off against the income arising out of purchase and sale of shares. The Tribunal upheld the claim of the assessee. On appeal by the department to the Tribunal HELD dismissing the appeal:
Under the Explanation to s. 73 where any part of the business of a company consists in the purchase and sale of shares of other companies, such company shall, for the purposes of the section, be deemed to be carrying on a speculation business to the extent to which the business consists of the purchase and sale of such shares. Therefore, the entire transaction carried out by the assessee was within the umbrella of speculative transaction. There was, as such, no bar in setting off the loss arising out of derivatives from the income arising out of buying and selling of shares.