Tally for CAs in Industry Silver Edition (Single User) Tally Renewal (Auditor Edition) Need Tally for Clients? (Tie-up with us!!!)
Open DEMAT Account with in 24 Hrs and start investing now!
From the Courts »
Open DEMAT Account in 24 hrs
 Sh. Ankit Kapoor, B-102, R.G. City Centre, Plot No. 4, Motia Khan, Paharganj, New Delhi Vs. Income Tax Officer, Ward-63(4), New Delhi
 Ashish Dham, C-1/2, Safdarjung Development Area, New Delhi Vs. Pr. Commissioner of Income Tax Room No.315, B Block, Civic Centre, Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Marg, New Delhi
 Sarva Haryana Gramin Bank, H.O.Near Bajrang Bhawan, Delhi Road, Rohtak, Haryana. Vs. ACIT, Rohtak Circle, Rohtak.
 Arora & Associates Reality Limited, 131, GF, World Trade Centre, Babar Road, New Delhi Vs. DCIT CPC Bangalore
 Kiran Sales Private Limited 12/42, Rajauri Garden, New Delhi. Vs. INCOME TAX OFFICER Ward 14(3) New Delhi.
 National Housing Bank, Core-5 A, India Habitat Centre, Lodhi Road, New Delhi Vs. ACIT, Circle-26(2), New Delhi
 Naveen Kumar Varshneya 20165, Prestige Shanti Niketan, Near ITPL, Whitefield, Bangalore Vs. ITO Ward- 7 (3) New Delhi
 AKT Investments Pvt. Ltd., 57, Lajpat Nagar-3, South Delhi, New Delhi. Vs. ITO, Ward 1(1), New Delhi.
 DCIT, Central Circle-25, New Delhi Vs. M/s. HTL Ltd, GST Road, Guindy, Chennai
 Kisan Sahkari Chini Mills Ltd. Nanauta, Sharanpur, Uttar Pradesh Vs. JCIT Range-3 Saharanpur
 ITO (Exception) Ward 1(1) New Delhi. Vs. All India Fine Arts & Crafts Society, 1-Rafi Marg, New Delhi.

Sushil Kumar (Prop of M/s Shree Ram Overseas), 5520 Basti Harphool Singh, Sadar Bazar, Delhi Vs. ITO Ward-63(3) New Delhi
October, 05th 2021

1 ITA No. 3117/Del/2016

IN THE INCOME TAX APPELLATE TRIBUNAL
DELHI BENCH: ‘G’ NEW DELHI

BEFORE MS SUCHITRA KAMBLE, JUDICIAL MEMBER
AND

SH. PRASHANT MAHARISHI, ACCOUNTANT MEMBER

I.T.A. No. 3117/DEL/2016 (A.Y 2007-08)

(THROUGH VIDEO CONFERENCING)

Sushil Kumar Vs ITO

(Prop of M/s Shree Ram Ward-63(3)

Overseas), New Delhi

5520 Basti Harphool Singh, Sadar

Bazar, Delhi

AALPK5068M (RESPONDENT)

(APPELLANT)

Appellant by Sh. Amit Goel & Sh. Nippun
Mittal, CA

Respondent by Sh. Prakash Dubey, Sr. DR

Date of Hearing 15.09.2021

Date of Pronouncement 04.10.2021

ORDER


PER SUCHITRA KAMBLE, JM

This appeal is filed by the assessee against the order dated 31/03/2016
passed by CIT(A)-20, New Delhi for assessment year 2007-08.

2. The grounds of appeal are as under:
“1. On the facts and circumstances of case and in law, the notice u/s 148
issued in this case is illegal, void, barred by limitations and without
jurisdiction and the CIT(A) erred in not holding so.

2. On the facts and circumstances- of case and in law, the CIT(A) erred in
confirming the addition of Rs.8651758/- made by the assessing officer on
account of alleged bogus purchases.
2 ITA No. 3117/Del/2016

3. On the facts and circumstances of case and in law, the CIT(A) erred in not
deleting the addition of Rs.8651758/- made by the assessing officer on
account of alleged bogus purchase.
4. On the facts and circumstances of case and in law, the CIT(A) erred in
enhancing the additions to Rs. 10425365/-.
5. On the facts and circumstances of case and in law, the enhancement to
income done by the CIT(A) is totally arbitrary and erroneous.
6. On the facts and circumstances of case and in law, the CIT(A) erred in
passing exparte order.
7. On the facts and circumstances of case and in law, the order passed by
CIT(A) is against the principles of natural justice.”

3. The return of income was filed by the assessee on 29/10/2007 declaring
an income of Rs.8,84,000/-. The same was processed u/s 143(1) of the Income
Tax Act, 1961. Later on, information was received from ACIT, Central Circle,
10, New Delhi, vide letter dated 13/3/2013 forwarded through CIT, Central ii,
New Delhi and the CCIT, Delhi (i) vide letters dated 19/3/2013 & 26/3/2013
respectively therein providing CD where in the list of parties to whom the bogus
purchases/accommodation entries provided by Sh. Rakesh Gupta, Shri
Vishesh Gupta, Sh. Navneet Jain and Sh. Vaibhav Jain were appearing. After
going through the complete list and identifying parties whose territorial
jurisdiction lies with the present assessee’s ward, the Assessing Officer
recorded the reasons for forming the belief that the income of Rs. 86,51,758/-
has escaped assessment in the case of M/s Shri Ram over years, proprietor
Shsuhil Kumar, that is the assessee and taking administrative approval from
the JCIT, Range-39, New Delhi granted on 13/3/2014, the assessment of the
assessee for Assessment Year 2007-08 was reopened as per Section 147 of
Income Tax Act. The Assessing Officer made addition of Rs. 86,51,758/- on
account of alleged bogus purchases.

4. Being aggrieved by the penalty order, the assessee filed appeal before the
CIT(A). The CIT (A) dismissed the appeal of the assessee.
3 ITA No. 3117/Del/2016

5. The Ld. AR submitted that the reopening was done merely on the
assumption basis only on the ground that facts in respect of identical reasons
incorporated in various cases. The Ld. AR further submitted that all the
information and evidences were produced before the Assessing Officer in the
original assessment itself. Therefore, the Ld. AR submitted that the reasons
recorded u/s 148 assume jurisdiction u/s 148 of the Act are not validly
recorded in accordance with law and accordingly all the subsequent actions
founded on such reasons namely notice issued u/s 148, the order passed by
the Assessing Officer and the CIT(A) are void-ab-initio and reserved to be
quashed.

6. The Ld. DR submitted that the Assessing Officer has rightly recorded the
reasons and reopening is just and proper. The Ld. DR also relied upon the
orders of the Assessing Officer and the CIT(A). But the Ld. DR could not
distinguish the facts of the assessee’s case and that of the various Tribunals
decision cited by the Ld. AR.

7. We have heard both the parties and perused all the relevant materials
available on record. It is pertinent to note that the Ld. AR during the course of
hearing submitted almost 10 decisions of the Tribunal wherein the reasons
recorded for reopening are identical and in fact the name of the accommodation
entries provider are exactly the same. The Ld. DR also could not point out any
distinguishing facts with these orders of the Tribunals. We are reproducing the
order cited by the assessee in case of Rajender Prasad Vs. ITO in ITA No.
7060/Del/2017 dated 7/9/2018. The Tribunal held as under:-

5. Reasons for reopening assessment read as under;

“A letter bearing F.No. Addl.CIT/(Hq)/(Coord.)/Accommodation entry/2012-
13/15016 dated 26.03.2013 was received from the Office of the Chief Commissioner
of I. Tax, Delhi-I, New Delhi therein forwarding letter bearing F.No. CIT(C)-II/2012-
13/3898 dated 19.03.2013 received from the Commissioner of I. Tax, Central-ll, New
4 ITA No. 3117/Del/2016

Delhi along with a CD containing the details of accommodation entries provided by
Sh. Rakesh Gupta & Sh. Vishesh Gupta and Sh. Navneet jain & Sh. Vaibhav Jain in
the shape of bogus purchases and directing this office to take necessary action as
per section 148 in respect of entries pertaining to A.Y. 2006-07, which were going to
be barred by limitation on 31.03.2013. The information provided by the CIT, Central-
ll, New Delhi vide his letter dated 19.03.2013 reads as under :-
“Kindly find enclosed herewith letter dated 13.03.2013 of ACIT, Central Circle-10
duly forwarded by the Addl. CIT, Central Range-IV, along with its enclosures on the
subject mentioned above.
2. The assessment of search cases of Sh. Rakesh Gupta, Sh. Vishesh Gupta, Sh.
Navneet Jain & Sh. Vaibhav Jain are under process with the ACIT, Central Circie-10.
During the assessment proceedings u/s 153A in the aforesaid cases, details
regarding accommodation entries given by the above entry providers has been
obtained by the A.O.
3. The list of accommodation entry recipients has been obtained from Sh. Rakesh
Gupta and Sh. Vishesh Gupta. Hard copy of the list is enclosed as Annexure A, duly
signed by Sh. Vishesh Gupta. The list gives the name of the firm which has provided
the accommodation entry along with the name and address of the recipients of
accommodation entry.
4. Sh. Navneet Jain & Sh. Vaibhav Jain has provided accommodation entry through
thirty- seven paper entities. The list of the firms giving accommodation entry is
enclosed as annexure- B. The list of accommodation entry recipients, has been
obtained from Sh. Naveneet Jain & Sh. Vaibhav Jain. It does not give year wise
bifurcation. Hard copy of the list is enclosed as annexure-C, duly signed by Sh.
Vaibhav Jain. Thus, the firms mention in the list B' have provided accommodation
entries to the firms mentioned in list ‘C.
5. The soft copy of the information in respect to annexure A, B & C is also enclosed.
6. The information of accommodation entry includes A.Y. 2006-07 also, which is a
time barring year for taking action u/s 148 of the Act
7. This information is forwarded to you for early dissemination to various field
offices in Delhi (Soft copy also enclosed).''
5 ITA No. 3117/Del/2016

It is evident from the assessment order passed by the ACIT, Central Circle-10, New
Delhi on 28.03.2013 that Sh. Rakesh Gupta & Sh. Vishesh Gupta and Sh. Navneet
Jain & Sh. Vaibhav Jain during the course of search proceedings, in post search
proceedings and in assessment proceedings u/s 153A of ( Tax Act admitted that
they have given accommodation entries to the parties whose lists have been provided
by them to the ACIT, Central Circle-10, New Delhi. Therefore, the assessment of the
Firms/concerns/individuals for A.Y. 2006-07, whose names were appearing in the
said list of accommodation entries provided by Sh. Rakesh Gupta & Sh. Vishesh
Gupta, Sh. Navneet Jain & Sh. Vaibhav Jain and whose territorial jurisdiction was
lying with this Ward, were reopened u/s 147 of I.Tax Act and notices u/s 148 of I.
Tax Act were issued.
After making necessary verification and disposing off the objections filed by most of
the assessees' against reopening of their cases u/s 147 of I.Tax Act and after
considering the replies/details/documents furnished by the assessees' in their
respective cases, including the case of the assesses, it was held that no satisfactory
explanation about the sources of bogus purchases made from Sh. Rakesh Gupta and
Sh Vishesh Gupta could be furnished. Hence keeping In view the provisions of
section 09C of I Tax Act read with section 4, 5 and 14 I. Tax Act, the amount of such
bogus purchases were treated as deemed income of the assessee for A.Y. 2006-07.
Since the accommodation entries provided by Sh. Rakesh Gupta & Sh. Vishesh
Gupta and Shi Navneet Jain & Sh. Vaibhav Jain in the shape of bogus purchases
were treated as deemed t inpome of the assessees’ for A.Y. 2006-07 and in the said
list, names of the concerns/jifersons who have taken accommodation entries in the
shape of bogus purchases in subsequent assessment years were also appearing,
including A.Y.2007-08, therefore, this office is of The firm view that these cases also
need to be reopened u/s 147 of I. Tax Act.
Accordingly, on examining the list of accommodation entries provided by Sh. Rakesh
Gupta & Sh. Vishesh Gupta and Sh. Navneet Jain & Sh. Vaibhav Jain pertaining to
A.Y. 2007- OS, it is noticed that the following accommodation entries have been
taken by the assessee namely M/s Friya Enterprises in A.Y. 2007-08 and whose
territorial jurisdiction lies with this Ward
6 ITA No. 3117/Del/2016

SI. Accommodation Name of party to Amount of
entry provided whom Accommodation
Accommodation entry
No by entry is provided
Rs. 3,69,408/-
. M/s Priya
Enterprises Rs. 7,24,172/-
1. Shree Bankey Rs. 10,93,580/-
M/s Priya
Bihari Trading Total amount of
entries =
2. COoMmApgaennycies

Also the details of Income tax Return filed by M/s Priya Enterprises for A.Y. 2007-
08 and processing done u/s 143(1) of I. Tax Act thereof were tried to be taken out
from ITD System, However, the same were not found available there. Thus, as per
our record, the assessee has not filed any return of income for A.Y. 2007-08. Further,
no scrutiny assessment was done in A.Y. 2007-08. Therefore, I have reasons to
believe that income chargeable to tax amounting to Rs. 10,93,580/- for the F.Y.
2006-07 relevant to A.Y. 2007-08 has escaped assessment. Besides this, any other
income chargeable to tax that has escaped assessment, which will come to the notice
of this office during assessment proceedings shall also be added back. Thus, I have
reasons to believe that it is a fit case for initiation of proceedings u/s 147 of the Act.

Proposal in the prescribed form for the A.Y. 2007-08 (F.Y. 2006-07) is submitted
herewith for kind consideration and necessary approval u/s 151(2) of the I. Tax Act,
1961 as [getting barred by limitation on 31.03.2014.

[Pawan Kumar Vashist]
Income Tax Officer Ward-39 (3),

New Delhi”

6. A perusal of the above clearly shows that the Assessing Officer has
borrowed the findings. Moreover, the entries pertain to assessment
year 2006-07 as is clearly evident from the reasons recorded mentioned
hereinabove. It can be further seen that there is a reference to some
7 ITA No. 3117/Del/2016

verification and disposing off the objections filed by most of the
assessees against reopening of their cases u/s 147 of the Act. On the
strength of the fate of the other assessees, the Assessing Officer
formed a belief that the assessee has also made bogus purchases and
the same has to be treated as income of the assessee for assessment
year 2006-07.
7. In the penultimate para, the Assessing Officer has emphasised that
the assessee did not file any return of income for the year under
consideration whereas, as mentioned elsewhere, on page 2 of the
assessment order, the Assessing Officer himself has admitted that
return of income for the year under consideration was filed on
18.10.2007. Considering the reasons recorded by the Assessing
Officer, which are undisputedly borrowed from somewhere else and
considering the fact that he Assessing Officer has emphasised that the
assessee did not file any return of income by contradicting himself in
the body of the assessment order by admitting that return was filed on
18.10.2007 establishes only and only one thing, that notice u/s 148 vis
a vis reasons are devoid of any application of mind.

8. From the reasons, it can be safely concluded that the Assessing
Officer proceeded to make opinion on the basis of borrowed reasons
and there is no independent application of mind and in such
circumstances and facts of the case, reopening of the assessment u/s
147 of the Act is bad in law and is accordingly directed to be quashed.
9. Our view is fortified by the decision in the case of G & G Pharma
India Ltd 545/DEL/2015 wherein reliance was placed on 384 ITR 147
and the same read as under:
“In the present case, after setting out four entries, stated to have been received by
the Assessee on a single date i.e. 10th February 2003, from four entities which were
termed as accommodation entries, which information was given to him by the
Directorate of Investigation, the AO stated: "I have also perused various materials
and report from Investigation Wing and on that basis it is evident that the assessee
company has introduced its own unaccounted money in its bank account by way of
8 ITA No. 3117/Del/2016

above accommodation entries." The above conclusion is unhelpful in understanding
whether the AO applied his mind to the materials that he talks about particularly
since he did not describe what those materials were. Once the date on which the so
called accommodation entries were provided is known, it would not have been
difficult for the AO, if he had in fact undertaken the exercise, to make a reference to
the manner in which those very entries were provided in the accounts of the
Assessee, which must have been tendered along with the return, which was filed on
14th November 2004 and was processed under Section 143(31 of the Act. Without
forming a prima facie opinion, on the basis of such material, it was not possible for
the AO to have simply concluded: "it is evident that the assessee company has
introduced its own unaccounted money in its bank by way of accommodation
entries". In the considered view of the Court, in light of the law explained with
sufficient clarity by the Supreme Court in the decisions discussed hereinbefore, the
basic requirement that the AO must apply his mind to the materials in order to have
reasons to believe that the income of the assessee escaped assessment is missing in
the present case."

10. On identical set of facts in the case of Sapra Metal company

2910/DEL/2016, the Bench had occasion to consider the reopening of

the assessment on the basis of very same information which was

considered in the case in hand and while quashing the reopening, the

bench had considered the following judgment of the Hon'ble

Jurisdictional High Court in the case of Sarthak Securities Pvt. Ltd 329

ITR 110. The Hon'ble High Court has held as under:

“ In the case at hand, as is evincible, the assessing officer was aware of the

existence of four companies with whom the assessee had entered into transaction.

Both the orders clearly exposit that the assessing officer was made aware of the

situation by the investigation wing and there is no mention that these companies are

fictitious companies. Neither the reasons in the initial notice nor the communication

providing reasons remotely indicate independent application of mind. True it is, at

that stage, it is not necessary to have the established fact of escapement of income

but what is necessary is that there is relevant material on which a reasonable

person could have formed the requisite belief. To elaborate, the conclusive proof is
9 ITA No. 3117/Del/2016

not germane at this stage but the formation of belief must be on the base or
foundation or platform of prudence which a reasonable person is required to apply.
As is manifest from the perusal of the supply of reasons and the order of rejection of
objections, the names of the companies were available with the authority. Their
existence is not disputed. What is mentioned is that these companies were used as
conduits. In that view of the matter, the principle laid down in Lovely Exports (P) Ltd.
(supra) gets squarely attracted. The same has not been referred to while passing the
order of rejection. The assessee in his objections had clearly stated that the
companies had bank accounts and payments were made to the assessee company
through banking channel. The identity of the companies was not disputed. Under
these circumstances, it would not be appropriate to require the assessee to go
through the entire gamut of proceedings. It is totally unwarranted. Resultantly, the
initiation of proceedings under Section 147 and issuance of notice under Section
148 of the Act are hereby quashed.”
12 In the case of Signature Hotels P Ltd Vs. ITO 338 ITR 51, it has been held as
under:

The first sentence of the reasons states that information had been received from
Director of Income-Tax (Investigation) that the petitioner had introduced money
amounting to Rs.5 lacs during financial year 2002-03 as per the details given in W.P.
(C) NO. 8067/2010 Page 12 Annexure. The said Annexure, reproduced above, relates
to a cheque received by the petitioner on 9th October, 2002 from Swetu Stone PV
from the bank and the account number mentioned therein. The last sentence records
that as per the information, the amount received was nothing but an accommodation
entry and the assessee was the beneficiary. The aforesaid reasons do not satisfy the
requirements of Section 147 of the Act. The reasons and the information referred to
is extremely scanty and vague. There is no reference to any document or statement,
except Annexure, which has been quoted above. Annexure cannot be regarded as a
material or evidence that prima facie shows or establishes nexus or link which
discloses escapement of income. Annexure is not a pointer and does not indicate
escapement of income. Further, it is apparent that the Assessing Officer did not
apply his own mind to the information and examine the basis and material of the
information. The Assessing Officer accepted the plea on the basis of vague
information in a mechanical manner. The Commissioner also acted on the same
10 ITA No. 3117/Del/2016

basis by mechanically giving his approval. The reasons recorded reflect that the

Assessing Officer did not independently apply his mind to the W.P. (C) NO.

8067/2010 Page 13 information received from the Director of Income-Tax

(Investigation) and arrive at a belief whether or not any income had escaped

assessment. The company was incorporated on 4th January, 1989 and was also

allotted a permanent account number in September, 2001. The facts indicated above

do not show that SS Ltd is a non existing and a fictitious entity/person. For the

reasons stated above, writ of the certiorari is issued quashing the proceedings u/s

148 of the Act.”

13. In the case of CIT Vs. SFIL Stockbroking Co. 325 ITR 285, it

has been held as under”

“The first sentence of the so-called reasons recorded by the Assessing Officer is

mere information received from the Deputy Director of Income Tax (Investigation). The

second sentence is a direction given by the very same Deputy Director of Income Tax

(Investigation) to issue a notice under Section 148 and the third sentence again

comprises of a direction given by the Additional Commissioner of Income Tax to

initiate proceedings under Section 148 in respect of cases pertaining to the relevant

ward. These three sentence are followed by the following sentence, which is the

concluding portion of the so-called reasons:-

"Thus, I have sufficient information in my possession to issue notice u/s 148 in the

case of M/s SFIL Stock Broking Ltd. on the basis of reasons recorded as above."

10. From the above, it is clear that the Assessing Officer referred to the information

and the two directions as „reasons‟ on the basis of which he was proceeding to

issue notice under Section 148. We are afraid that these cannot be the reasons for

proceeding under Section 147/148 of the said Act. The first part is only an

information and the second and the third parts of the beginning paragraph of the so-

called reasons are mere directions. From the so-called reasons, it is not at all

discernible as to whether the Assessing Officer had applied his mind to the

information and independently arrived at a belief that, on the basis of the material

which he had before him, income had escaped assessment. Consequently, we find

that the Tribunal has arrived at the correct conclusion on facts. The law is well

settled. There is no substantial question of law which arises for our consideration.”
11 ITA No. 3117/Del/2016

11. In view of the above discussion, facts of the case in hand, vis

a vis the judicial decisions mentioned hereinabove, I have no hesitation

in holding that reopening of the assessment is without any application

of mind and examination of the facts. According, reopening is held to

be invalid and the same is quashed. Ground No. 1 is accordingly

allowed.

12. Since the reopening has been held to be invalid, I do not find it

necessary to dwell into the merits of the case.”

From the perusal of the reasons recorded in the present assessee’s case, it can
be clearly seen that the Assessing Officer has simplictor taken the reasons
recorded in another cases. In fact, from first page of the reasons it is mentioned
that the information of accommodation entry includes A.Y. 2006-07. It can be
further seen that there is a reference to some verification and disposing off the
objections filed by most of the assessees against reopening of their cases u/s
147 of the Act. Thus, taking the reasons as it is without verifying the assessee
case, the Assessing Officer formed a belief that the assessee has also made
bogus purchases and the same has to be treated as income of the assessee for
assessment year 2007-08. The Assessing Officer proceeded to make opinion on
the basis of borrowed reasons and there is no independent application of mind
and in such circumstances and facts of the case, reopening of the assessment
u/s 147 of the Act is bad in law and is accordingly directed to be quashed.
Thus, the issue contested herein is identical as in the aforesaid appeal i.e. ITA
No. 7060/DEL/2017 for the A.Y. 2007-08. So respectfully following the said
order dated 07.09.2018, we hold that the assessee succeeds on the legal
ground regarding validity of reassessment proceeding, therefore, we are not
adjudicating the grounds on merit as the same becomes academic in nature.
The appeal of the assessee is allowed.
12 ITA No. 3117/Del/2016

8. In result, the appeal of the assessee is partly allowed for statistical

purpose.

Order pronounced in the Open Court on this 04th Day of October, 2021

Sd/- Sd/-

(PRASHANT MAHARISHI) (SUCHITRA KAMBLE)
ACCOUNTANT MEMBER JUDICIAL MEMBER

Dated: 04/10/2021

R. Naheed *

Copy forwarded to:

1. Appellant

2. Respondent

3. CIT

4. CIT(Appeals)

5. DR: ITAT

ASSISTANT REGISTRAR
ITAT NEW DELHI

Home | About Us | Terms and Conditions | Contact Us
Copyright 2021 CAinINDIA All Right Reserved.
Designed and Developed by Ritz Consulting