News shortcuts: From the Courts | Top Headlines | VAT (Value Added Tax) | Placements & Empanelment | Various Acts & Rules | Latest Circulars | New Forms | Forex | Auditing | Direct Tax | Customs and Excise | Professional Updates | Corporate Law | Markets | Students | General | Mergers and Acquisitions | Continuing Prof. Edu. | Budget Extravaganza | Transfer Pricing | GST - Goods and Services Tax | PPE Safety Kit SITRA Approved | PPE Safety Kit
Latest Circulars »
 RBI Announces Special Open Market Operations (OMO) Simultaneous Purchase and Sale of Government of India Securities
 RBI Automation of Income Recognition, Asset Classification and Provisioning processes in banks
 Resolution Framework for COVID 19 related Stress Financial Parameters
 It is Time for Banks to Look Deeply Within: Reorienting Banking Post-Covid (Keynote Address by Shri Shaktikanta Das, Governor, Reserve Bank of India - Delivered at the Unlock BFSI 2.0 with Business Standard on Thursday, August 27, 2020)
 Submission of returns under Section 31 of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 (AACS) Extension of time
 RBI Announces Special Open Market Operations (OMOs) of Simultaneous Purchase and Sale of Government of India Securities
 RBI Ad hoc/Short Review/Renewal of Credit Facilities
 New Definition of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises clarifications
 Bonds in India drop as RBI minutes push out rate cut wagers
 Results of Underwriting Auctions Conducted on August 21, 2020
 Underwriting Auction for sale of Government Securities for ₹ 30,000 cr on August 21, 2020

Sources of Variation in Foreign Exchange Reserves in India during April-June 2016
September, 23rd 2016

Earlier today, the Reserve Bank of India released balance of payments (BoP) data for April-June 2016 on its website (www.rbi.org.in). On the basis of these data, the sources of variation in foreign exchange reserves during April-June, 2016 have been compiled.

Sources of Variation in Foreign Exchange Reserves: April-June 2016

The sources of variation underlying the increase in the foreign exchange reserves during April-June 2016 are set out in Table 1.

Table 1: Sources of Variation in Foreign Exchange Reserves*
(US$ billion)
Items 2015-16
April-June
2016-17
April-June
I.   Current Account Balance -6.1 -0.3
II.   Capital Account (net) (a to f) 17.6 7.3
  a. Foreign Investment (i+ii) 10.2 6.2
    (i) Foreign Direct Investment 10.0 4.1
    (ii) Portfolio Investment 0.2 2.1
           Of which:    
               FII -0.2 1.2
               ADR/GDR 0.3 0.0
  b. Banking Capital 11.0 -0.1
         Of which: NRI Deposits 5.9 1.4
  c. Short term credit -2.4 -0.3
  d. External Assistance 0.3 0.7
  e. External Commercial Borrowings 0.4 -2.1
  f. Other items in capital account -2.0 3.0
III.   Valuation change 2.9 -3.6
    Total (I+II+III) @
Increase in reserves(+) / Decrease in reserves (-)
14.4 3.3
* : Based on old format of BoP which may differ from the new format (BPM6) in the treatment of transfers under the current account and ADRs/ GDRs under portfolio investment.
@ : Difference, if any, is due to rounding off.
Note : ‘Other items in capital account’ apart from ‘Errors and Omissions’ include SDR allocations, leads and lags in exports, funds held abroad, advances received pending issue of shares under FDI and transactions of capital receipts not included elsewhere.

On a balance of payments basis (i.e., excluding valuation effects), the foreign exchange reserves increased by US$ 7.0 billion during April-June 2016 as compared with an accretion of US$ 11.4 billion during April-June 2015. The foreign exchange reserves in nominal terms (including the valuation effects) increased by US$ 3.3 billion during April-June 2016 as compared with an increase of US$ 14.4 billion during the same period last year (Table 2).

Table 2: Comparative Position of Variation in Reserves
(US$ billion)
Items 2015-16 2016-17
April-June April-June
1 Change in Foreign Exchange Reserves
(Including Valuation Effects)
14.4 3.3
2 Valuation Effects
(Gain (+)/Loss (-))
2.9 -3.6
3 Change in Foreign Exchange Reserves on BoP basis
(i.e., Excluding Valuation Effects)
11.4 7.0
Note : Increase in reserves (+)/Decrease in reserves (-).
Difference, if any, is due to rounding off.

Valuation loss, mainly reflecting the appreciation of the US dollar against major currencies, amounted to US$ 3.6 billion during April-June 2016 as against a gain of US$ 2.9 billion during the same period of the preceding year.

Alpana Killawala
Principal Adviser

Press Release : 2016-2017/728

Home | About Us | Terms and Conditions | Contact Us | PPE Kit SITRA Approved | PPE Safety Kit
Copyright 2020 CAinINDIA All Right Reserved.
Designed and Developed by Ritz Consulting