The Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) has charged the chartered accounting fraternity with giving erroneous advice to banks resulting in huge losses for the lenders.
It has pointed out that in several cases, the advice given by CAs to banks and financial institutions was deficient, especially regarding the status of loans, creditors, sundry debtors, assets, known liabilities and the valuation of investments, stocks as well as related party transactions.
It has been observed that there have been a number of cases in banks and financial institutions wherein due to the erroneous/ambiguous advice tendered by the respective CAs, borrowal accounts have had to face quick mortality resulting in loss for the bank, the CVC said in its proposed National Code of Ethics for CAs. This has adversely impacted the financial health of several financial institutions and banks, the CVC said.
It suggested that the Government make it mandatory for the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) to publish and constantly update a list of banned or tainted members for the benefit of the financial institutions.
The CVC has also asked the Government whether such acts by CAs could be looked upon as a criminal or an economic offence.
Simultaneously, the banks and other financial institutions should also bring out a list of undesirable CAs to help others in the business avoid the services of these professionals.
The Central Vigilance Commissioner, Mr Pratyush Sinha, told Business Line that based on our experience, we have suggested some reforms in the system. These (the suggestions) have been sent to the Department of Financial Services in the Finance Ministry and the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA).
The CVC also rued that hardly any CAs were punished for their intentional wrongdoings, adding that the process was often time consuming.
However, the ICAI President, Mr U. P. Agarwal, told Business Line, In many cases, we have taken action against those CAs found guilty. It ranges from issuing warning letters to cancellation of licence for whole life. The process takes around six months to one year.
Sources said the Government was now considering notifying the CVCs proposals to bring back public confidence in CAs, especially in the wake of the Satyam scam.
A similar Code of Ethics has been put out by the International Federation of Accountants (IFAC) as well as ICAI. Significantly, the CVC noted that the definition of misconduct under the CA Act was not exhaustive.
The ICAI Vice-President, Mr Amarjit Chopra, said, Whenever we have taken action against wrongdoers, we have immediately brought it to the notice of the MCA, the Comptroller and Auditor General, RBI, SEBI and other regulators. If RBI wants, they can circulate the list to banks. Besides, if any auditee writes to us asking for information about any CA, we give it to them. But we are not going to make the list public.
Pointing out that banks have suffered huge losses due to many advocates giving wrong advice, Mr Chopra asked why the CVC was silent on that.