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Exposure Drafts of SA 800(Revised), SA 805(Revised) and SA 810(Revised) for Comments
July, 10th 2018
                Exposure Drafts
1. SA 800(Revised), Special Considerations - Audits
   of Financial Statements Prepared in Accordance
   with Special Purpose Frameworks
2. SA 805(Revised), Special Considerations - Audits
   of Single Financial Statements and Specific
   Elements, Accounts or Items of a Financial
   Statement
3. SA 810(Revised), Engagements to Report on
   Summary Financial Statements



    (Last date for comments: August 25, 2018)




                            Issued by
          Auditing and Assurance Standards Board
        The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India
                 (Set up by an Act of Parliament)
                            New Delhi
Your comments on these Exposure Drafts should reach us by
August 25, 2018. Comments are most helpful if they indicate the
specific paragraph(s) to which they relate, contain a clear rationale
and, where applicable, provide a suggestion for alternative wording.
The comments should be sent to:
      Secretary, Auditing and Assurance Standards Board
        The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India
                 ICAI Bhawan, A-29, Sector-62,
                NOIDA, Uttar Pradesh ­ 201 309
Comments can also be e-mailed at: aasb@icai.in
                                                          Contents


S.No.                    Exposure Draft                        Page No.

 1      SA 800(Revised), Special Considerations - Audits of        1-18
        Financial Statements Prepared in Accordance with
        Special Purpose Frameworks

 2      SA 805(Revised), Special Considerations - Audits of       19-44
        Single Financial Statements and Specific Elements,
        Accounts or Items of a Financial Statement

 3      SA 810(Revised), Engagements        to   Report   on      45-71
        Summary Financial Statements
               Standard on Auditing SA 800(Revised)
 Special Considerations--Audits of Financial Statements Prepared in
           Accordance with Special Purpose Frameworks

Contents
                                                                                                              Paragraph(s)
Introduction
Scope of this SA ........................................................................................................... 1-3
Effective Date ................................................................................................................. 4
Objective ....................................................................................................................... 5
Definitions .................................................................................................................. 6-7
Requirements
Considerations When Accepting the Engagement ......................................................... 8
Considerations When Planning and Performing the Audit ......................................... 9-10
Forming an Opinion and Reporting Considerations ................................................. 11-14
Application and Other Explanatory Material
Special Purpose Frameworks ................................................................................ A1-A4
Considerations When Accepting the Engagement ................................................. A5-A8
Considerations When Planning and Performing the Audit..................................... A9-A12
Forming an Opinion and Reporting Considerations ............................................ A13-A21
Material Modifications vis-a-vis ISA 800(Revised), "Special Considerations--Audits of
Financial Statements Prepared in Accordance with Special Purpose Frameworks"
Appendix: Illustrations of Independent Auditor's Reports on Special Purpose Financial
Statements
Standard on Auditing (SA) 800(Revised), "Special Considerations--Audits of Financial
Statements Prepared in Accordance with Special Purpose Frameworks" should be read
in the context of the "Preface to the Standards on Quality Control, Auditing, Review,
Other Assurance and Related Services", which sets out the authority of SAs and SA
200, "Overall Objectives of the Independent Auditor and the Conduct of an Audit in
Accordance with Standards on Auditing".
Introduction
Scope of this SA
1. The Standards on Auditing (SAs) in the 100-700 series apply to an audit of financial
statements. This SA deals with special considerations in the application of those SAs
to an audit of financial statements prepared in accordance with a special purpose
framework.
2. This SA is written in the context of a complete set of financial statements prepared
in accordance with a special purpose framework. SA 805(Revised)1, deals with special
considerations relevant to an audit of a single financial statement or of a specific
element, account or item of a financial statement.
3. This SA does not override the requirements of the other SAs; nor does it purport to
deal with all special considerations that may be relevant in the circumstances of the
engagement.
Effective Date
4. This SA is effective for audits of financial statements for periods beginning on or
after ............

Objective
5. The objective of the auditor, when applying SAs in an audit of financial statements
prepared in accordance with a special purpose framework, is to address appropriately
the special considerations that are relevant to:
(a) The acceptance of the engagement;
(b) The planning and performance of that engagement; and
(c) Forming an opinion and reporting on the financial statements.

Definitions
6. For purposes of the SAs, the following terms have the meanings attributed below:
(a) Special purpose financial statements ­ Financial statements prepared in
    accordance with a special purpose framework. (Ref: Para. A4)
(b) Special purpose framework ­ A financial reporting framework designed to meet
    the financial information needs of specific users. The financial reporting framework
    may be a fair presentation framework or a compliance framework2. (Ref: Para. A1-
    A4)
7. Reference to "financial statements" in this SA means "a complete set of special
purpose financial statements" including the related notes. The related notes ordinarily
comprise a summary of significant accounting policies and other explanatory
information. The requirements of the applicable financial reporting framework determine

1
  SA 805(Revised), "Special Considerations--Audits of Single Financial Statements and Specific Elements, Accounts
or Items of a Financial Statement".
2
  SA 200, paragraph 13(a).
                                                    2
the form and content of the financial statements, and what constitutes a complete set of
financial statements.

Requirements
Considerations When Accepting the Engagement
Acceptability of the Financial Reporting Framework
8. SA 210 requires the auditor to determine the acceptability of the financial
reporting framework applied in the preparation of the financial statements3. In an audit
of special purpose financial statements, the auditor shall obtain an understanding of:
(Ref: Para. A5-A8)
(a) The purpose for which the financial statements are prepared;
(b) The intended users; and
(c) The steps taken by management to determine that the applicable financial reporting
    framework is acceptable in the circumstances.
Considerations When Planning and Performing the Audit

9. SA 200 requires the auditor to comply with all SAs relevant to the audit4. In planning
and performing an audit of special purpose financial statements, the auditor shall
determine whether application of the SAs requires special consideration in the
circumstances of the engagement. (Ref: Para. A9-A12)
10. SA 315 requires the auditor to obtain an understanding of the entity's selection and
application of accounting policies5. In the case of financial statements prepared in
accordance with the provisions of a contract, the auditor shall obtain an understanding
of any significant interpretations of the contract that management made in the
preparation of those financial statements. An interpretation is significant when adoption
of another reasonable interpretation would have produced a material difference in the
information presented in the financial statements.
Forming an Opinion and Reporting Considerations

11. When forming an opinion and reporting on special purpose financial statements, the
auditor shall apply the requirements in SA 700 (Revised)6. (Ref: Para. A13 ­ A19)
Description of the Applicable Financial Reporting Framework
12. SA 700 (Revised) requires the auditor to evaluate whether the financial statements
adequately refer to or describe the applicable financial reporting framework7. In the case
of financial statements prepared in accordance with the provisions of a contract, the

3
  SA 210, "Agreeing the Terms of Audit Engagements", paragraph 6(a).
4
  SA 200, paragraph 18.
5
  SA 315, "Identifying and Assessing the Risks of Material Misstatement Through Understanding the Entity and Its
Environment", paragraph 11(c).
6
  SA 700 (Revised), "Forming an Opinion and Reporting on Financial Statements".
7
  SA 700 (Revised), paragraph 15.
                                                       3
auditor shall evaluate whether the financial statements adequately describe any
significant interpretations of the contract on which the financial statements are based.
13. SA 700 (Revised) deals with the form and content of the auditor's report, including
the specific ordering of certain elements. In the case of an auditor's report on special
purpose financial statements:
(a) The auditor's report shall also describe the purpose for which the financial
    statements are prepared and, if necessary, the intended users, or refer to a note in
    the special purpose financial statements that contains that information; and
(b) If management has a choice of financial reporting frameworks in the preparation of
    such financial statements, the explanation of management's responsibility for the
    financial statements shall also make reference to its responsibility for determining
    that the applicable financial reporting framework is acceptable in the circumstances.
Alerting Readers that the Financial Statements Are Prepared in Accordance with a
Special Purpose Framework
14. The auditor's report on special purpose financial statements shall include an
Emphasis of Matter paragraph alerting users of the auditor's report that the financial
statements are prepared in accordance with a special purpose framework and that, as a
result, the financial statements may not be suitable for another purpose. (Ref: Para. A20
­ A21)

                                                        ***
Application and Other Explanatory Material
Special Purpose Frameworks8 (Ref: Para. 6)
A1. Examples of special purpose frameworks are:
     The cash receipts and disbursements basis of accounting for cash flow information
     that an entity may be requested to prepare for creditors;
     The financial reporting provisions established by a regulator to meet the
     requirements of that regulator; or
     The financial reporting provisions of a contract, such as a bond indenture, a loan
     agreement, or a project grant.
A2. There may be circumstances where a special purpose framework is based on a
financial reporting framework established by an authorised or recognised standards
setting organization or by law or regulation, but does not comply with all the
requirements of that framework. An example is a contract that requires financial

8
  In India, financial statements prepared for filing with income tax authorities are considered to be general purpose
financial statements. Attention of the readers are also invited to the announcement published in "The Chartered
Accountant", August 1994 (page 224) which states that: "It is hereby clarified that the mandatory accounting
standards also apply in respect of financial statements audited under section 44AB of the Income Tax Act, 1961.
Accordingly, members should examine compliance with the mandatory accounting standards when conducting such
audit".
                                                      4
statements to be prepared in accordance with most, but not all, of the Accounting
Standards issued by ICAI or Accounting Standards prescribed under Section 133 of the
Companies Act 2013. When this is acceptable in the circumstances of the engagement,
it is inappropriate for the description of the applicable financial reporting framework in
the special purpose financial statements to imply full compliance with the financial
reporting framework established by the authorised or recognized standards setting
organization or by law or regulation. In the above example of the contract, the
description of the applicable financial reporting framework may refer to the financial
reporting provisions of the contract, rather than make any reference to the Accounting
Standards issued by ICAI or Accounting Standards prescribed under Section 133 of the
Companies Act 2013.
A3. In the circumstances described in paragraph A2, the special purpose framework
may not be a fair presentation framework even if the financial reporting framework on
which it is based is a fair presentation framework. This is because the special purpose
framework may not comply with all the requirements of the financial reporting
framework established by the authorized or recognized standards setting organization
or by law or regulation that are necessary to achieve fair presentation of the financial
statements.
A4. Financial statements prepared in accordance with a special purpose framework
may be the only financial statements an entity prepares. In such circumstances, those
financial statements may be used by users other than those for whom the financial
reporting framework is designed. Despite the broad distribution of the financial
statements in those circumstances, the financial statements are still considered to be
special purpose financial statements for purposes of the SAs. The requirements in
paragraphs 13-14 are designed to avoid misunderstandings about the purpose for
which the financial statements are prepared.
Considerations When Accepting the Engagement
Acceptability of the Financial Reporting Framework (Ref: Para. 8)
A5. In the case of special purpose financial statements, the financial information needs
of the intended users are a key factor in determining the acceptability of the financial
reporting framework applied in the preparation of the financial statements.
A6. The applicable financial reporting framework may encompass the financial reporting
standards established by an organization that is authorized or recognized to promulgate
standards for special purpose financial statements. In that case, those standards will be
presumed acceptable for that purpose if the organization follows an established and
transparent process involving deliberation and consideration of the views of relevant
stakeholders. Some law(s) or regulation(s) may prescribe the financial reporting
framework to be used by management in the preparation of special purpose financial
statements for a certain type of entity. For example, a regulator may establish financial
reporting provisions to meet the requirements of that regulator. In the absence of
indications to the contrary, such a financial reporting framework is presumed acceptable
for special purpose financial statements prepared by such entity.
                                            5
A7. Where the financial reporting standards referred to in paragraph A6 are
supplemented by legislative or regulatory requirements, SA 210 requires the auditor to
determine whether any conflicts between the financial reporting standards and the
additional requirements exist, and prescribes actions to be taken by the auditor if such
conflicts exist9.
A8. The applicable financial reporting framework may encompass the financial reporting
provisions of a contract, or sources other than those described in paragraphs A6 and
A7. In that case, the acceptability of the financial reporting framework in the
circumstances of the engagement is determined by considering whether the framework
exhibits attributes normally exhibited by acceptable financial reporting frameworks as
described in Appendix 2 of SA 210. In the case of a special purpose framework, the
relative importance to a particular engagement of each of the attributes normally
exhibited by acceptable financial reporting frameworks is a matter of professional
judgment. For example, for purposes of establishing the value of net assets of an entity
at the date of its sale, the vendor and the purchaser may have agreed that very prudent
estimates of allowances for uncollectible accounts receivable are appropriate for their
needs, even though such financial information is not neutral when compared with
financial information prepared in accordance with a general purpose framework.
Considerations When Planning and Performing the Audit (Ref: Para. 9)
A9. SA 200 requires the auditor to comply with (a) relevant ethical requirements,
including those pertaining to independence, relating to financial statement audit
engagements, and (b) all SAs relevant to the audit. It also requires the auditor to
comply with each requirement of an SA unless, in the circumstances of the audit, the
entire SA is not relevant or the requirement is not relevant because it is conditional and
the condition does not exist. In exceptional circumstances, the auditor may judge it
necessary to depart from a relevant requirement in an SA by performing alternative
audit procedures to achieve the aim of that requirement10.
A10.   Application of some of the requirements of the SAs in an audit of special
purpose financial statements may require special consideration by the auditor. For
example, in SA 320, judgments about matters that are material to users of the financial
statements are based on a consideration of the common financial information needs of
users as a group11. In the case of an audit of special purpose financial statements,
however, those judgments are based on a consideration of the financial information
needs of the intended users.
A11.     In the case of special purpose financial statements, such as those prepared in
accordance with the requirements of a contract, management may agree with the
intended users on a threshold below which misstatements identified during the audit
will not be corrected or otherwise adjusted. The existence of such a threshold does
not relieve the auditor from the requirement to determine materiality in accordance with
SA 320 for purposes of planning and performing the audit of the special purpose

9
  SA 210, paragraph 18.
10
   SA 200, paragraphs 14, 18 and 22-23.
11
   SA 320, "Materiality in Planning and Performing an Audit", paragraph 2.
                                                       6
financial statements.
A12.    SA 260 (Revised) requires the auditor to determine the appropriate persons
within the entity's governance structure with whom to communicate12. SA 260
(Revised) notes that, in some cases, all those charged with governance are involved in
managing the entity, and the application of the communication requirements is modified
to recognise this position.13 When a complete set of general purpose financial
statements is also prepared by the entity, those person(s) responsible for the oversight
of the preparation of the special purpose financial statements may not be the same as
those charged with governance responsible for the oversight of the preparation of the
general purpose financial statements.
Forming an Opinion and Reporting Considerations (Ref: Para. 11)
A13. The Appendix to this SA contains illustrations of independent auditor's reports on
special purpose financial statements. Other illustrations of auditor's report may be
relevant to reporting on special purpose financial statements (see for example, the
Appendices to SA 700(Revised), SA 705 (Revised)14, SA 570 (Revised)15, SA 720
(Revised)16, and SA 706 (Revised)17.
Application of SA 700(Revised) When Reporting on Special Purpose Financial
Statements
A14.     Paragraph 11 of this SA explains that the auditor is required to apply SA 700
(Revised) when forming an opinion and reporting on special purpose financial
statements. In doing so, the auditor is also required to apply the reporting requirements
in other SAs and may find the special considerations addressed in paragraphs A15-A19
below helpful.
Going Concern
A15.     Special purpose financial statements may or may not be prepared in
accordance with a financial reporting framework for which the going concern basis of
accounting is relevant. (e.g., the going concern basis of accounting is not relevant for
some financial statements prepared on a tax basis)18. Depending on the applicable
financial reporting framework used in the preparation of the special purpose financial
statements, the description in the auditor's report of management's responsibilities19
relating to going concern may need to be adapted, as necessary. The description in the
auditor's report of the auditor's responsibilities20 may also need to be adapted as
necessary depending on how SA 570(Revised) applies in the circumstances of the
engagement.


12
   SA 260(Revised), Communication with Those charged with Governance.
13
   SA 260 (Revised), paragraph A8.
14
   SA 705 (Revised), Modifications to the Opinion in the Independent Auditor's Report.
15
   SA 570 (Revised), Going Concern
16
   SA 720 (Revised), The Auditor's Responsibilities relating to Other Information.
17
   SA 706(Revised), Emphasis of Matter Paragraphs and Other Matter Paragraphs in the Independent Auditor's
Report.
18
   See SA 570 (Revised), Going Concern, paragraph 2.
19
   See SA 700(Revised), paragraph 33(b) and A43.
20
   See SA 700 (Revised), paragraph 38(b)(iv).
                                                    7
Key Audit Matters
A16.     SA 700(Revised) requires the auditor to communicate key audit matters in
accordance with SA 70121 for audits of complete sets of general purpose financial
statements of listed entities. For audits of special purpose financial statements, SA 701
only applies when communication of key audit matters in the auditor's report on the
special purpose financial statements is required by law or regulation or the auditor
otherwise decides to communicate key audit matters. When key audit matters are
communicated in the auditor's report on special purpose financial statements, SA 701
applies in its entirety.22
Other Information
A17.    SA 720 (Revised) deals with the auditor's responsibilities relating to other
information. In the context of this SA, reports containing or accompanying the special
purpose financial statements ­ the purpose of which is to provide owners (or similar
stakeholders) with information on matters presented in special purpose financial
statements ­ are considered to be annual reports for the purposes of SA 720 (Revised).
In the case of financial statements prepared using a special purpose framework, the
term "similar stakeholders" includes the specific users whose financial information
needs are met by the design of the special purpose framework used to prepare the
special purpose financial statements. When the auditor determines that the entity plans
to issue such a report, the requirements of SA 720 (Revised) apply to the audit of the
special purpose financial statements.
Signature of the Auditor
A18.     The auditor's report shall be signed. The report is signed by the auditor (i.e. the
engagement partner) in his personal name. Where the firm is appointed as the auditor,
the report is signed in the personal name of the auditor and in the name of the audit
firm. The partner/proprietor signing the audit report also needs to mention the
membership number assigned by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. They
also include the registration number of the firm, wherever applicable, as allotted by ICAI,
in the audit reports signed by them23.
Inclusion of a Reference to the Auditor's Report on the Complete Set of General
Purpose Financial Statements
A19.     The auditor may deem it appropriate to refer, in an Other Matter paragraph in
the auditor's report on the special purpose financial statements, to the auditor's report
on the complete set of general purpose financial statements or to matter(s) reported
therein (See SA 706(Revised)24. For example, the auditor may consider it appropriate to
refer in the auditor's report on the special purpose financial statements to a Material
Uncertainty Related to Going Concern section included in the auditor's report on the
complete set of general purpose financial statements.


21
   SA 701, Communicating Key Audit Matters in the Independent Auditor's Report.
22
   See SA 700 (Revised), paragraph 31.
23
   See SA 700(Revised), paragraph 45.
24
   See SA 706(Revised), paragraphs 10-11.
                                                     8
Alerting Readers that the Financial Statements Are Prepared in Accordance with a
Special Purpose Framework (Ref: Para. 14)
A20.     The special purpose financial statements may be used for purposes other than
those for which they were intended. For example, a regulator may require certain
entities to place the special purpose financial statements on public record. To avoid
misunderstandings, the auditor alerts users of the auditor's report by including an
Emphasis of Matter paragraph explaining that the financial statements are prepared in
accordance with a special purpose framework and, therefore, may not be suitable for
another purpose. SA 706 (Revised) requires this paragraph to be included within a
separate section of the auditor's report with an appropriate heading that includes the
term "Emphasis of Matter".25
Restriction on Distribution or Use (Ref: Para. 14)

A21.     In addition to the alert required by paragraph 14, the auditor may consider it
appropriate to indicate that the auditor's report is intended solely for the specific users.
Depending on the applicable law or regulation, this may be achieved by restricting the
distribution or use of the auditor's report. In these circumstances, the paragraph referred
to in paragraph 14 may be expanded to include these other matters, and the heading
modified accordingly.

Material Modifications vis-a-vis ISA 800(Revised), "Special
Considerations--Audits of Financial Statements Prepared in
Accordance with Special Purpose Frameworks"
Deletion

Paragraph A1 of ISA 800(Revised) deals with the examples of special purpose
frameworks, which also includes the example "a tax basis of accounting for a set of
financial statements that accompany an entity's tax return". Since in India, financial
statements prepared for filing with income tax authorities are considered to be general
purpose financial statements and as per the announcement issued under the authority
of the Council of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) in August, 1994,
the mandatory accounting standards should also be applied in respect of financial
statements audited under section 44AB of the Income Tax Act, 1961, the example, "A
tax basis of accounting for a set of financial statements that accompany an entity's tax
return" has been deleted.




25
     See paragraph 9(a) of SA 706 (Revised).
                                               9
                                                                             Appendix
                                                                         (Ref: Para. A13)

Illustrations of Independent Auditor's Reports on Special Purpose
Financial Statements
Illustration 1: An auditor's report on a complete set of financial statements of an entity
other than a listed entity, prepared in accordance with the financial reporting provisions
of a contract (for purposes of this illustration, a compliance framework).
Illustration 2: An auditor's report on a complete set of financial statements prepared in
accordance with the financial reporting provisions established by a regulator (for
purposes of this illustration, a fair presentation framework).




                                          10
Illustration 1: An auditor's report on a complete set of financial statements of an
entity other than a listed entity, prepared in accordance with the financial
reporting provisions of a contract (for purposes of this illustration, a compliance
framework).

For purposes of this illustration, the following circumstances are assumed:
 The financial statements have been prepared by management of the entity in
 accordance with the financial reporting provisions of a contract (i.e., a special
 purpose framework). Management does not have a choice of financial reporting
 frameworks.
 The applicable financial reporting framework is a compliance framework.
 An auditor's report on the complete set of general purpose financial statements was
 not issued.
 The terms of the audit engagement reflect the description of management's
 responsibility for the financial statements in SA 210.
 The auditor has concluded an unmodified (i.e. "clean") opinion is appropriate based
 on the audit evidence obtained.
 The relevant ethical requirements that apply to the audit comprise the Code of Ethics
 issued by ICAI together with the other relevant ethical requirements relating to the
 audit and the auditor refers to both.
 Based on the audit evidence obtained, the auditor has concluded that a material
 uncertainty does not exist related to events or conditions that may cast significant
 doubt on the entity's ability to continue as a going concern in accordance with SA
 570(Revised).
 Distribution and use of the auditor's report are restricted.
 The auditor is not required, and has otherwise not decided, to communicate key audit
 matters in accordance with SA 701.
 The auditor has determined that there is no other information (i.e., the requirements
 of SA 720(Revised) do not apply.
 Those responsible for oversight of the financial statements do not differ from those
 responsible for the preparation of the financial statements.
 The auditor has no other reporting responsibilities required under local law.

INDEPENDENT AUDITOR'S REPORT

[Appropriate Addressee]
Opinion

We have audited the financial statements of ABC Company Ltd. (the Company), which
comprise the balance sheet as at March 31, 20X1, and the statement of profit and loss,

                                            11
and statement of cash flows for the year then ended, and notes to the financial
statements, including a summary of significant accounting policies.
In our opinion, and to the best of our information and according to the explanations
given to us, the accompanying financial statements of the Company for the year ended
March 31, 20X1 are prepared in all material respects in accordance with the financial
reporting provisions of section/ clause Z of the contract dated July 1, 20X0 between the
Company and DEF Company Ltd. ("the contract").
Basis for Opinion
We conducted our audit in accordance with the Standards on Auditing (SAs) specified
under section 143(10) of the Companies Act, 2013. Our responsibilities under those
Standards are further described in the Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit of the
Financial Statements section of our report. We are independent of the Company in
accordance with the Code of Ethics issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of
India together with the ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the
financial statements under the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 and the Rules
thereunder, and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with
these requirements and the Code of Ethics. We believe that the audit evidence we
have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.
Emphasis of Matter - Basis of Accounting and Restriction on Distribution and Use
We draw attention to Note X to the financial statements, which describes the basis of
accounting. The financial statements are prepared to assist the Company in complying
with the financial reporting provisions of the contract referred to above. As a result, the
financial statements may not be suitable for another purpose. Our report is intended
solely for the Company and DEF Company Ltd. and should not be distributed to or
used by parties other than the Company or DEF Company Ltd. Our opinion is not
modified in respect of this matter.
Management's Responsibility for the Financial Statements
The Company's Board of Directors is responsible for the preparation of the financial
statements in accordance with the financial reporting provisions of section/ clause Z of
the contract; this includes the design, implementation and maintenance of internal
control relevant to the preparation of financial statements that are free from material
misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.
In preparing the financial statements, the Board of Directors is also responsible for
assessing the Company's ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as
applicable, matters relating to going concern and using the going concern basis of
accounting unless management either intends to liquidate the Company or to cease
operations, or has no realistic alternative but to do so.
The Board of Directors is also responsible for overseeing the Company's financial
reporting process.

                                          12
Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit of the Financial Statements
Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial
statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or
error, and to issue an auditor's report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance
is a high level of assurance, but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in
accordance with SAs will always detect a material misstatement when it exists.
Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually
or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic
decisions of users taken on the basis of these financial statements.
Paragraph 40(b) of SA 700(Revised) explains that the shaded material below can be
located in an Appendix to the auditor's report. Paragraph 40(c) of SA 700(Revised)
explains that when law, regulation or applicable auditing standards expressly permit,
reference can be made to a website of an appropriate authority that contains the
description of the auditor's responsibilities, rather than including this material in the
auditor's report, provided that the description on the website addresses, and is not
inconsistent with, the description of the auditor's responsibilities below.
As part of an audit in accordance with the Standards on Auditing, we exercise
professional judgement and maintain professional skepticism throughout the audit. We
also:

     identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements,
     whether due to fraud or error, design and perform audit procedures responsive to
     those risks, and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide a
     basis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from
     fraud is higher than for one resulting from error, as fraud may involve collusion,
     forgery, intentional omissions, misrepresentations, or the override of internal control.

     Obtain an understanding of internal control relevant to the audit in order to design
     audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose
     of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company's internal control26.

     Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of
     accounting estimates and related disclosures made by management.

 Conclude on the appropriateness of management's use of the going concern basis of
 accounting and, based on the audit evidence obtained, whether a material
 uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on
 the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material
 uncertainty exists, we are required to draw attention in our auditor's report to the
 related disclosures in the financial statements or, if such disclosures are inadequate,
 to modify our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up

26
  This sentence would be modified, as appropriate in circumstances when the auditor also has responsibility to issue
an opinion on the effectiveness of internal control in conjunction with an audit of the financial statements.
                                                        13
     to the date of our auditor's report. However, future events or conditions may cause
     the Company to cease to continue as a going concern.
We communicate with those charged with governance regarding, among other matters,
the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings, including any
significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.



                                                                               For XYZ and Co.
                                                                         Chartered Accountants
                                                                     Firm's Registration Number


                                                                                     Signature
                                                  (Name of the Member Signing the Audit Report)
                                                                                (Designation27)
                                                                          Membership Number

Place of Signature
Date




27
     Partner or Proprietor, as the case may be.
                                                   14
Illustration 2: An auditor's report on a complete set of financial statements
prepared in accordance with the financial reporting provisions established by a
regulator (for purposes of this illustration, a fair presentation framework).
For purposes of this illustration, the following circumstances are assumed:
   Audit of a complete set of financial statements that have been prepared by
   management of the entity in accordance with the financial reporting provisions
   established by a regulator (i.e., a special purpose framework) to meet the
   requirements of that regulator. Management does not have a choice of financial
   reporting frameworks.
   The applicable financial reporting framework is a fair presentation framework.
   The terms of the audit engagement reflect the description of management's
   responsibility for the financial statements in SA 210.
   The auditor has concluded an unmodified (i.e., "clean") opinion is appropriate based
   on the audit evidence obtained.
   The relevant ethical requirements that apply to the audit comprise the Code of Ethics
   issued by ICAI together with the other relevant ethical requirements relating to the
   audit and the auditor refers to both.
   Based on the audit evidence obtained, the auditor has concluded that a material
   uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on
   the entity's ability to continue as a going concern in accordance with SA 570
   (Revised). The disclosure of material uncertainty in the financial statements is
   adequate.
   Distribution or use of the auditor's report is not restricted.
   The auditor is required by the regulator to communicate key audit matters in
   accordance with SA 701.
   The auditor has determined that there is no other information (i.e., the requirements
   of SA 720 (Revised) do not apply.
   Those responsible for oversight of the financial statements do not differ from those
   responsible for the preparation of the financial statements.
   The auditor has no other reporting responsibilities required under local law.
INDEPENDENT AUDITOR'S REPORT

[Appropriate Addressee]
Opinion

We have audited the financial statements of ABC Company Ltd. (the Company),
which comprise the balance sheet as at March 31, 20X1, and the statement of profit
and loss, and cash flow statement for the year then ended, and notes to the financial
statements, including a summary of significant accounting policies.

                                              15
In our opinion, and to the best of our information and according to the explanations
given to us, the accompanying financial statements give a true and fair view of the state
of affairs of the Company as at March 31, 20X1, and of its results of operations and its
cash flows for the year then ended in accordance with the financial reporting provisions
of Section Y of Regulation Z.
Basis for Opinion
We conducted our audit in accordance with the Standards on Auditing (SAs) specified
under section 143(10) of the Companies Act, 2013. Our responsibilities under those
Standards are further described in the Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit of the
Financial Statements section of our report. We are independent of the Company in
accordance with the Code of Ethics issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of
India together with the ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the
financial statements under the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 and the Rules
thereunder, and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with
these requirements and the Code of Ethics. We believe that the audit evidence we
have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.
Emphasis of Matter - Basis of Accounting
We draw attention to Note X to the financial statements, which describes the basis of
accounting. The financial statements are prepared to assist the Company to meet the
requirements of Regulator DEF. As a result, the financial statements may not be
suitable for another purpose. Our opinion is not modified in respect of this matter.

Material Uncertainty Related to Going Concern

We draw attention to Note XX in the financial statements, which indicates that the
Company incurred a net loss of Rs. ZZZ during the year ended March 31, 20X1 and, as
of that date, the Company's current liabilities exceeded its total assets by Rs. YYY. As
stated in Note XX, these events or conditions, along with other matters as set forth in
Note XX, indicate that a material uncertainty exists that may cast significant doubt on
the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. Our opinion is not modified in
respect of this matter.

Key Audit Matters

Key audit matters are those matters that, in our professional judgment, were of most
significance in our audit of the financial statements of the current period. These matters
were addressed in the context of our audit of the financial statements as a whole, and
in forming our opinion thereon, and we do not provide a separate opinion on these
matters. In addition to the matter described in the Material Uncertainty Related to
Going Concern section above, we have determined the matters described below to be
key audit matters to be communicated in our report.
[Description of each key audit matter in accordance with SA 701, as applied to this
audit]
                                          16
Other Matter
The Company has prepared a separate set of financial statements for the year ended
March 31, 20X1 in accordance with the Accounting Standards referred to in section 133
of the Companies Act, 2013 on which we issued a separate auditor's report to the
members of the Company dated June 30, 20X1.
Management's Responsibility for the Financial Statements
The Board of Directors of the Company are responsible for the preparation and
presentation of the financial statements that give a true and fair view of the state of
affairs, results of operations and cash flows of the Company in accordance with the
financial reporting provisions of Section Y of Regulation Z; this includes the design,
implementation and maintenance of internal control relevant to the preparation and
presentation of the financial statements that give a true and fair view and are free from
material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.
In preparing the financial statements, the Board of Directors is also responsible for
assessing the Company's ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as
applicable, matters relating to going concern and using the going concern basis of
accounting unless management either intends to liquidate the Company or to cease
operations, or has no realistic alternative but to do so.
The Board of Directors is also responsible for overseeing the Company's financial
reporting process.
Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit of the Financial Statements






Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial
statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or
error, and to issue an auditor's report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance
is a high level of assurance, but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in
accordance with SAs will always detect a material misstatement when it exists.
Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually
or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic
decisions of users taken on the basis of these financial statements.

Paragraph 40(b) of SA 700(Revised) explains that the shaded material below can be
located in an Appendix to the auditor's report. Paragraph 40(c) of SA 700(Revised)
explains that when law, regulation or applicable auditing standards expressly permit,
reference can be made to a website of an appropriate authority that contains the
description of the auditor's responsibilities, rather than including this material in the
auditor's report, provided that the description on the website addresses, and is not
inconsistent with, the description of the auditor's responsibilities below.
As part of an audit in accordance with the Standards on Auditing, we exercise
professional judgment and maintain professional skepticism throughout the audit. We
also:

                                           17
 identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements,
 whether due to fraud or error, design and perform audit procedures responsive to
 those risks, and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide a
 basis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from
 fraud is higher than for one resulting from error, as fraud may involve collusion,
 forgery, intentional omissions, misrepresentations, or the override of internal control.
 Obtain an understanding of internal control relevant to audit in order to design audit
 procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of
 expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company's internal control28.
 Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of
 accounting estimates and related disclosures made by management.
 Conclude on the appropriateness of management's use of the going concern basis of
 accounting and, based on the audit evidence obtained, whether a material
 uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on
 the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material
 uncertainty exists, we are required to draw attention in our auditor's report to the
 related disclosures in the financial statements or, if such disclosures are inadequate,
 to modify our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up
 to the date of our auditor's report. However, future events or conditions may cause
 the Company to cease to continue as a going concern.
 Evaluate the overall presentation, structure and content of the financial statements,
 including the disclosures, and whether the financial statements represent the
 underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fair presentation.
We communicate with those charged with governance regarding, among other matters,
the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings, including any
significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.

                                                                                          For XYZ and Co.
                                                                                    Chartered Accountants
                                                                                Firm's Registration Number
                                                                                        Signature
                                                     (Name of the Member Signing the Audit Report)
                                                                                   (Designation29)
                                                                             Membership Number
Place of Signature
Date




28
   This sentence would be modified, as appropriate in circumstances when the auditor also has responsibility to issue
an opinion on the effectiveness of internal control in conjunction with an audit of the financial statements.
29
   Partner or Proprietor, as the case may be.
                                                      18
                Standard on Auditing (SA) 805 (Revised)
   Special Considerations - Audits of Single Financial Statements and
     Specific Elements, Accounts or Items of a Financial Statement

Contents
                                                                                                               Paragraph(s)
Introduction
Scope of this SA ............................................................. ..................................... 1-3
Effective Date ....................................................................... ........................................ 4
Objective .............................................................................. ........................................ 5
Definitions ............................................................................. ........................................ 6
Requirements
Considerations When Accepting the Engagement ................ ..................................... 7-9
Considerations When Planning and Performing the Audit ..... ...................................... 10
Forming an Opinion and Reporting Considerations ............. ................................. 11-17
Application and Other Explanatory Material
Scope of this SA .................................................................... ................................ A1-A3
Considerations When Accepting the Engagement ................ ................................ A4-A8
Considerations When Planning and Performing the Audit ..... .............................. A9-A14
Forming an Opinion and Reporting Considerations ............. ............................ A15-A27
Appendix 1: Examples of Specific Elements, Accounts or Items of a Financial Statement
Appendix 2: Illustrations of Independent Auditor's Reports on a Single Financial
Statement and on a Specific Element of a Financial Statement
Standard on Auditing (SA) 805(Revised), "Special Considerations--Audits of Single
Financial Statements and Specific Elements, Accounts or Items of a Financial
Statement" should be read in the context of the "Preface to the Standards on Quality
Control, Auditing, Review, Other Assurance and Related Services", which sets out the
authority of SAs and SA 200, "Overall Objectives of the Independent Auditor and the
Conduct of an Audit in Accordance with Standards on Auditing".
Introduction
Scope of this SA
1. The Standards on Auditing (SAs) in the 100-700 series apply to an audit of financial
statements and are to be adapted as necessary in the circumstances when applied to
audits of other historical financial information. This SA deals with special considerations
in the application of those SAs to an audit of a single financial statement or of a specific
element, account or item of a financial statement. The single financial statement or the
specific element, account or item of a financial statement may be prepared in
accordance with a general or special purpose framework. If prepared in accordance with
a special purpose framework, SA 800 (Revised)1 also applies to the audit. (Ref: Para.
A1-A3)
2. This SA does not apply to the report of a component auditor, issued as a result of
work performed on the financial information of a component at the request of a principal
auditor for purposes of an audit of consolidated financial statements2.
3. This SA does not override the requirements of the other SAs; nor does it purport to
deal with all special considerations that may be relevant in the circumstances of the
engagement.
Effective Date
4. This SA is effective for audits of single financial statements or of specific elements,
accounts or items for periods beginning on or after ............... In the case of audits of
single financial statements or of specific elements, accounts or items of a financial
statement prepared as at a specific date, this SA is effective for audits of such
information prepared as at a date on or after ............
Objective
5. The objective of the auditor, when applying SAs in an audit of a single financial
statement or of a specific element, account or item of a financial statement, is to
address appropriately the special considerations that are relevant to:
(a) The acceptance of the engagement;
(b) The planning and performance of that engagement; and
(c) Forming an opinion and reporting on the single financial statement or on the specific
    element, account or item of a financial statement.
Definitions
6. For purposes of this SA, reference to:
(a) "Element of a financial statement" or "element" means an "element, account or item
    of a financial statement";
(b) "Financial Reporting Standards" means the Accounting Standards issued by the

1
  SA 800(Revised), "Special Considerations--Audits of Financial Statements Prepared in Accordance with Special
Purpose Frameworks".
2
  SA 600, Using the Work of Another Auditor.

                                                     20
    Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) or the Accounting Standards
    notified by the Central Government under the Companies (Accounting Standards)
    Rules, 2006, or the Accounting Standards issued pursuant to section 133 of the
    Companies Act, 2013 as may be applicable; and
(c) A single financial statement (for example, a cash flow statement) or a specific
    element of a financial statement (for example, cash and bank balances) includes the
    related notes. The related notes ordinarily comprise a summary of significant
    accounting policies and other explanatory information relevant to the financial
    statement or to the element.
Requirements
Considerations When Accepting the Engagement
Application of SAs
7. SA 200 requires the auditor to comply with all SAs relevant to the audit3. In the case
of an audit of a single financial statement or of a specific element of a financial
statement, this requirement applies irrespective of whether the auditor is also engaged
to audit the entity's complete set of financial statements. If the auditor is not also
engaged to audit the entity's complete set of financial statements, the auditor shall
determine whether the audit of a single financial statement or of a specific element of
those financial statements in accordance with SAs is practicable. (Ref: Para. A4-A5)
Acceptability of the Financial Reporting Framework
8. SA 210 requires the auditor to determine the acceptability of the financial reporting
                                                                       4
framework applied in the preparation of the financial statements . In the case of an
audit of a single financial statement or of a specific element of a financial statement, this
shall include whether application of the financial reporting framework will result in a
presentation that provides adequate disclosures to enable the intended users to
understand the information conveyed in the financial statement or the element, and the
effect of material transactions and events on the information conveyed in the financial
statement or the element. (Ref: Para. A6)
Form of Opinion
9. SA 210 requires that the agreed terms of the audit engagement include the
expected form of any reports to be issued by the auditor5. In the case of an audit of a
single financial statement or of a specific element of a financial statement, the auditor
shall consider whether the expected form of opinion is appropriate in the circumstances.
(Ref: Para. A7-A8)
Considerations When Planning and Performing the Audit
10. SA 200 states that SAs are written in the context of an audit of financial statements;
they are to be adapted as necessary in the circumstances when applied to audits of


3
  SA 200, paragraph 18.
4
  SA 210, "Agreeing the Terms of Audit Engagements", paragraph 6(a).
5
  SA 210, paragraph 10(e).

                                                      21
other historical financial information.6 7 In planning and performing the audit of a single
financial statement or of a specific element of a financial statement, the auditor shall
adapt all SAs relevant to the audit as necessary in the circumstances of the
engagement. (Ref: Para. A9-A14)
Forming an Opinion and Reporting Considerations
11. When forming an opinion and reporting on a single financial statement or on a
specific element of a financial statement, the auditor shall apply the requirements in SA
700 (Revised)8, and, when applicable, SA 800 (Revised) adapted as necessary in the
circumstances of the engagement. (Ref: Para. A15 ­ A21)
Reporting on the Entity's Complete Set of Financial Statements and on a Single
Financial Statement or on a Specific Element of Those Financial Statements
12. If the auditor undertakes an engagement to report on a single financial statement or
on a specific element of a financial statement in conjunction with an engagement to
audit the entity's complete set of financial statements, the auditor shall express a
separate opinion for each engagement.
13. The audited single financial statement or the audited specific element of a financial
statement may be published together with the entity's audited complete set of financial
statements. If the auditor concludes that the presentation of the single financial
statement or of the specific element of a financial statement does not differentiate it
sufficiently from the complete set of financial statements, the auditor shall ask
management to rectify the situation. Subject to paragraphs 15 and 16, the auditor shall
also differentiate the opinion on the single financial statement or on the specific element
of a financial statement from the opinion on the complete set of financial statements.
The auditor shall not issue the auditor's report containing the opinion on the single
financial statement or on the specific element of a financial statement until satisfied with
the differentiation.
Considering the Implications of Certain Matters Included in the Auditor's Report
on the Entity's Complete Set of Financial Statements for the Audit of the Single
Financial Statement or the Specific Element of a Financial Statement and for the
Auditor's Report Thereon
14. If the auditor's report on an entity's complete set of financial statements includes:
(a) A modified opinion in accordance with SA 705 (Revised)9;
(b) An Emphasis of Matter paragraph or an Other Matter paragraph in accordance with
    SA 706 (Revised)10;
(c) A Material Uncertainty Related to Going Concern section in accordance with SA

6
  SA 200, paragraph 2.
7
  SA 200, paragraph 13(f), explains that the term "financial statements" ordinarily refers to a complete set of financial
statements as determined by the requirements of the applicable financial reporting framework.
8
  SA 700 (Revised), "Forming an Opinion and Reporting on Financial Statements".
9
  SA 705 (Revised), Modifications to the Opinion in the Independent Auditor's Report.
10
   SA 706 (Revised), Emphasis of Matter Paragraphs and Other Matters Paragraphs in the Independent Auditor's
Report.

                                                          22
     570 (Revised);11
(d) Communication of key audit matters in accordance with SA 70112; or
(e) A statement that describes an uncorrected material misstatement of the other
    information in accordance with SA 720 (Revised).13
the auditor shall consider the implications, if any, that these matters, may have for the
audit of the single financial statement or of the specific element of a financial statement
and for the auditor's report thereon. (Ref: Para. A22-A26)
Adverse Opinion or Disclaimer of Opinion in the Auditor's Report on the Entity's
Complete Set of Financial Statements
15. If the auditor concludes that it is necessary to express an adverse opinion or
disclaim an opinion on the entity's complete set of financial statements as a whole, SA
705 (Revised) does not permit the auditor to include in the same auditor's report an
unmodified opinion on a single financial statement that forms part of those financial
statements or on a specific element of those financial statements14. This is because
such an unmodified opinion would contradict the adverse opinion or disclaimer of
opinion on the entity's complete set of financial statements as a whole. (Ref: Para. A27)
16. If the auditor concludes that it is necessary to express an adverse opinion or
disclaim an opinion on the entity's complete set of financial statements as a whole but,
in the context of a separate audit of a specific element of those financial statements, the
auditor nevertheless considers it appropriate to express an unmodified opinion on that
element, the auditor shall only do so if:
(a) The auditor is not prohibited by law or regulation from doing so;
(b) That opinion is expressed in an auditor's report that is not published together with
    the auditor's report containing the adverse opinion or disclaimer of opinion; and
(c) The element does not constitute a major portion of the entity's complete set of
    financial statements.
17. The auditor shall not express an unmodified opinion on a single financial statement
of a complete set of financial statements if the auditor has expressed an adverse
opinion or disclaimed an opinion on the complete set of financial statements as a whole.
This is the case even if the auditor's report on the single financial statement is not
published together with the auditor's report containing the adverse opinion or disclaimer
of opinion. This is because a single financial statement is deemed to constitute a major
portion of those financial statements.
                                                          ***

11
   SA 570 (Revised), Going Concern, paragraph 22
12
   SA 701, Communicating Key Audit Matters in the Independent Auditor's Report, paragraph 13.
13
   SA 720 (Revised), The Auditor's Responsibilities relating to Other Information, paragraph 22(e)(ii).
14
   SA 705(Revised), paragraph 15.

                                                          23
Application and Other Explanatory Material
Scope of this SA (Ref: Para.1, 6(c))
A1. SA 200 defines the term "historical financial information" as information expressed in
financial terms in relation to a particular entity, derived primarily from that entity's
accounting system, about economic events occurring in past time periods or about
economic conditions or circumstances at points in time in the past15.
A2. SA 200 defines the term "financial statements" as a structured representation of
historical financial information, including related notes, intended to communicate an
entity's economic resources or obligations at a point in time or the changes therein for a
period of time in accordance with a financial reporting framework. The related notes
ordinarily comprise a summary of significant accounting policies and other explanatory
information. The term "financial statements", ordinarily refers to a complete set of
financial statements as determined by the requirements of the applicable financial
reporting framework, but can also refer to a single financial statement16.
                                                                       17
A3. SAs are written in the context of an audit of financial statements ; they are to be
adapted as necessary in the circumstances when applied to an audit of other historical
financial information, such as a single financial statement or a specific element of a
financial statement. This SA assists in this regard. (Appendix 1 lists examples of such
other historical financial information.)
Considerations When Accepting the Engagement
Application of SAs (Ref: Para. 7)
A4. SA 200 requires the auditor to comply with (a) relevant ethical requirements,
including those pertaining to independence, relating to financial statement audit
engagements, and (b) all SAs relevant to the audit. It also requires the auditor to comply
with each requirement of an SA unless, in the circumstances of the audit, the entire SA
is not relevant or the requirement is not relevant because it is conditional and the
condition does not exist. In exceptional circumstances, the auditor may judge it
necessary to depart from a relevant requirement in an SA by performing alternative
audit procedures to achieve the aim of that requirement18.
A5. Compliance with the requirements of SAs relevant to the audit of a single financial
statement or of a specific element of a financial statement may not be practicable when
the auditor is not also engaged to audit the entity's complete set of financial statements.
In such cases, the auditor often does not have the same understanding of the entity and
its environment, including its internal control, as an auditor who also audits the entity's
complete set of financial statements. The auditor also does not have the audit evidence
about the general quality of the accounting records or other accounting information that
would be acquired in an audit of the entity's complete set of financial statements.
Accordingly, the auditor may need further evidence to corroborate audit evidence

15
   SA 200, paragraph 13(g).
16
   SA 200, paragraph 13(f)
17
   SA 200, paragraph 2.
18
   SA 200, paragraphs 14, 18 and 22-23.

                                            24
acquired from the accounting records. In the case of an audit of a specific element of a
financial statement, certain SAs require audit work that may be disproportionate to the
element being audited. For example, although the requirements of SA 570(Revised) are
likely to be relevant in the circumstances of an audit of a schedule of accounts
receivable, complying with those requirements may not be practicable because of the
audit effort required. If the auditor concludes that an audit of a single financial statement
or of a specific element of a financial statement in accordance with SAs may not be
practicable, the auditor may discuss with management whether another type of
engagement might be more practicable.
Acceptability of the Financial Reporting Framework (Ref: Para. 8)
A6. A single financial statement or a specific element of a financial statement may be
prepared in accordance with an applicable financial reporting framework that is based
on a financial reporting framework established by an authorised or recognised standards
setting organisation for the preparation of a complete set of financial statements (e.g.,
Financial Reporting Standards). If this is the case, determination of the acceptability of
the applicable framework may involve considering whether that framework includes all
the requirements of the framework on which it is based that are relevant to the
presentation of a single financial statement or of a specific element of a financial
statement that provides adequate disclosures.
Form of Opinion (Ref: Para. 9)
A7. The form of opinion to be expressed by the auditor depends on the applicable
financial reporting framework and any applicable laws or regulations19. In accordance
with SA 700 (Revised)20:
(a) When expressing an unmodified opinion on a complete set of financial statements
    prepared in accordance with a fair presentation framework, the auditor's opinion,
    unless otherwise required by law or regulation, uses one of the following phrases: (i)
    the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, in accordance with
    [the applicable financial reporting framework]; or (ii) the financial statements give a
    true and fair view in accordance with [the applicable financial reporting framework];
    and
(b) When expressing an unmodified opinion on a complete set of financial statements
    prepared in accordance with a compliance framework, the auditor's opinion states
    that the financial statements are prepared, in all material respects, in accordance
    with [the applicable financial reporting framework].
A8. In the case of a single financial statement or of a specific element of a financial
statement, the applicable financial reporting framework may not explicitly address the
presentation of the financial statement or of the specific element of the financial
statement. This may be the case when the applicable financial reporting framework is
based on a financial reporting framework established by an authorised or recognised
standards setting organization for the preparation of a complete set of financial

19
     SA 200, paragraph 8.
20
     SA 700(Revised), paragraphs 25-26.

                                             25
statements (e.g., Financial Reporting Standards). The auditor therefore considers
whether the expected form of opinion is appropriate in the light of the applicable
financial reporting framework. Factors that may affect the auditor's consideration as to
whether to use the phrases "presents fairly, in all material respects", or "gives a true and
fair view" in the auditor's opinion include:
     Whether the applicable financial reporting framework is explicitly or implicitly
     restricted to the preparation of a complete set of financial statements.
     Whether the single financial statement or the specific element of a financial
     statement will:
           Comply fully with each of those requirements of the framework relevant to the
           particular financial statement or the particular element, and the presentation of
           the financial statement or the specific element of a financial statement include
           the related disclosures.
           If necessary to achieve fair presentation, provide disclosures beyond those
           specifically required by the framework or, in exceptional circumstances, depart
           from a requirement of the framework.
The auditor's decision as to the expected form of opinion is a matter of professional
judgment. It may be affected by whether use of the phrases "presents fairly, in all
material respects", or "gives a true and fair view" in the auditor's opinion on a single
financial statement or on a specific element of a financial statement prepared in
accordance with a fair presentation framework is generally accepted in the particular
jurisdiction.
Considerations When Planning and Performing the Audit (Ref: Para. 10)
A9. The relevance of each of the SAs requires careful consideration. Even when only a
specific element of a financial statement is the subject of the audit, SAs such as SA
24021, SA 55022 and SA 570 (Revised) are, in principle, relevant. This is because the
element could be misstated as a result of fraud, the effect of related party transactions,
or the incorrect application of the going concern basis of accounting under the
applicable financial reporting framework.
A10.     SA 260 (Revised) requires the auditor to determine the appropriate person(s)
within the entity's governance structure with whom to communicate.23 SA 260
(Revised) notes that, in some cases, all of those charged with governance are involved
in managing the entity, and the application of communication requirements is modified
to recognise this position.24 When complete set of financial statements is also prepared
by the entity, those person(s) responsible for the oversight of the preparation of the
single financial statement or the element may not be the same as those charged with
governance responsible for the oversight of the preparation of the complete set of
financial statements.


21
   SA 240, `The Auditor's Responsibilities Relating to Fraud in an Audit of Financial Statements'.
22
   SA 550, "Related Parties".
23
   SA 260(Revised), Communication with Those Charged with Governance, paragraph 11.
24
   See SA 260(Revised), paragraphs 10(b), 13, A1 (third bullet), A2 and A8.

                                                          26
A11.     Furthermore, SAs are written in the context of an audit of financial statements;
they are to be adapted as necessary in the circumstances when applied to the audit of a
single financial statement or of a specific element of a financial statement. For example,
written representations from management about the complete set of financial
statements would be replaced by written representations about the presentation of the
financial statement or the element in accordance with the applicable financial reporting
framework.
A12.     Matters included in the auditor's report on the complete set of financial
statements may have implications for the audit of a single financial statement or of an
element of a financial statement (see paragraph 14). When planning and performing an
audit of a single financial statement or a specific element of a financial statement in
conjunction with the audit of the entity's complete set of financial statements, the auditor
may be able to use audit evidence obtained as part of the audit of the entity's complete
set of financial statements in the audit of the financial statement or the element. SAs,
however, require the auditor to plan and perform the audit of the financial statement or
the element to obtain sufficient appropriate audit evidence on which to base the opinion
on the financial statement or on the element.
A13.     The individual financial statements that comprise a complete set of financial
statements, and many of the specific elements of those financial statements, including
their related notes, are interrelated. Accordingly, when auditing a single financial
statement or a specific element of a financial statement, the auditor may not be able to
consider the financial statement or the element in isolation. Consequently, the auditor
may need to perform procedures in relation to the interrelated items to meet the
objective of the audit.
A14.     Furthermore, the materiality determined for a single financial statement or for a
specific element of a financial statement may be lower than the materiality determined
for the entity's complete set of financial statements; this will affect the nature, timing and
extent of the audit procedures and the evaluation of uncorrected misstatements.
Forming an Opinion and Reporting Considerations (Ref: Para. 11)
A15.     SA 700 (Revised) requires the auditor, in forming an opinion, to evaluate
whether the financial statements provide adequate disclosures to enable the intended
users to understand the effect of material transactions and events on the information
conveyed in the financial statements25. In the case of a single financial statement or of a
specific element of a financial statement, it is important that the financial statement or
the element, in view of the requirements of the applicable financial reporting framework,
provides adequate disclosures to enable the intended users to understand the
information conveyed in the financial statement or the element, and the effect of material
transactions and events on the information conveyed in the financial statement or the
element.
A16.      Appendix 2 contains illustrations of independent auditor's reports on a single
financial statement and on a specific element of a financial statement. Other
illustrations of auditor's reports may be relevant to reporting on a single financial

25
     SA 700 (Revised), paragraph 13(e).

                                             27
statement or on a specific element of a financial statement (see, for example, the
Appendices to SA 700 (Revised), SA 705 (Revised), SA 570 (Revised), SA 720
(Revised) and SA 706 (Revised).
Application of SA 700 (Revised) When Reporting on a Single Financial Statement
or on a Specific Element of a Financial Statement
A17.    Paragraph 11 of this SA explains that the auditor is required to apply the
requirements in SA 700 (Revised), adapted as necessary in the circumstances of the
engagement, when forming an opinion and reporting on a single financial statement or
on a specific element of a financial statement. In doing so, the auditor is also required
to apply the reporting requirements in other SAs, adapted as necessary in the
circumstances of the engagement, and may find the considerations addressed in
paragraphs A18­A20 below helpful.
Going Concern
A18.    Depending on the applicable financial reporting framework used in the
preparation of the single financial statement or specific element of a financial statement,
the description in the auditor's report of management's responsibilities26 relating to
going concern may need to be adapted, as necessary. The description in the auditor's
report of the auditor's responsibilities27 may also need to be adapted as necessary
depending on how SA 570(Revised) applies in the circumstances of the engagement.
Key Audit Matters
A19.    SA 700 (Revised) requires the auditor to communicate key audit matters in
accordance with SA 701 for audits of complete sets of general purpose financial
statements of listed entities28. For audits of a single financial statement or a specific
element of a financial statement, SA 701 only applies when communication of key audit
matters in the auditor's report on such financial statements or elements is required by
law or regulation or the auditor otherwise decides to communicate key audit matters.
When key audit matters are communicated in the auditor's report on a single financial
statement or a specific element of a financial statement, SA 701 applies in its entirety.29
Other Information
A20.     SA 720 (Revised) deals with the auditor's responsibilities relating to other
information. In the context of this SA, reports containing or accompanying the single
financial statement or specific element of a financial statement ­ the purpose of which is
to provide owners (or similar stakeholders) with information on matters presented in the
single financial statement or the specific element of a financial statement ­ are
considered to be annual reports for the purposes of SA 720 (Revised). When the
auditor determines that the entity plans to issue such a report, the requirements of SA
720 (Revised) apply to the single financial statement or the element.
26
     See SA 700(Revised), paragraph 33(b) and A43.
27
     See SA 700 (Revised), paragraph 38(b)(iv).
28
     See SA 700(Revised), paragraph 30.
29
     See SA 700 (Revised), paragraph 31.

                                                     28
Signature of the Auditor
A21.     The auditor's report shall be signed. The report is signed by the auditor (i.e. the
engagement partner) in his personal name. Where the firm is appointed as the auditor,
the report is signed in the personal name of the auditor and in the name of the audit
firm. The partner/proprietor signing the audit report also needs to mention the
membership number assigned by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. They
also include the registration number of the firm, wherever applicable, as allotted by ICAI,
in the audit reports signed by them30.
Reporting on the Entity's Complete Set of Financial Statements and on a Single
Financial Statement or on a Specific Element of a Financial Statement (Ref: Para:
14)
Considering the Implications of Certain Matters Included in the Auditor's Report on the
Entity's Complete Set of Financial Statements for the Audit of the Single Financial
Statement or the Specific Element of a Financial Statement and for the auditor's report
thereon
A22.     Paragraph 14 requires the auditor to consider the implications, if any, of certain
matters included in the auditor's report on the complete set of financial statements for the
audit of the single financial statement or the specific element of a financial statement and
for the auditor's report thereon. Considering whether a matter included in the auditor's
report on the complete set of financial statements is relevant in the context of an
engagement to report on a single financial statement or a specific element of a financial
statement involves professional judgment.
A23.        Factors that may be relevant in considering those implications include:
       The nature of the matter(s) being described in the auditor's report on the complete
       set of financial statements and the extent to which it relates to what is included in the
       single financial statement or specific element of a financial statement.
       The pervasiveness of the matter(s) described in the auditor's report on the complete
       set of financial statements.
       The nature and extent of the differences between the applicable financial reporting
       frameworks.
       The extent of the difference between the period(s) covered by the complete set of the
       financial statements compared to the period(s) or dates of the single financial
       statement or the element of a financial statement.
       The time elapsed since the date of the auditor's report on the complete set of the
       financial statements.
A24.     For example, in the case when there is a qualification of the auditor's opinion in
relation to accounts receivable in the auditor's report on the complete set of financial
statements, and the single financial statement includes accounts receivable, or the
specific element of a financial statement relates to accounts receivable, it is likely that

30
     See SA 700(revised), paragraph 45.

                                                29
there would be implications for the audit. On the other hand, if the qualification of the
auditor's opinion on the complete set of financial statements relates to classification of
long term debt, then it is less likely that there would be implications for an audit of the
single financial statement that is the Statement of Profit and Loss, or if the specific
element of the financial statement relates to accounts receivable.
A25.    Key audit matters that are communicated in the auditor's report on the complete
set of financial statements may have implications for an audit of a single financial
statement or the specific element of the financial statement. The information included in
the Key Audit Matter section about how the matter was addressed in the audit of
complete set of financial statements may be useful to the auditor's determination of how
to address the matter when it is relevant to the audit of the single financial statement or
the specific element of the financial statement.
Inclusion of a reference to the auditor's report on the complete set of financial statements
A26.     Even when certain matters included in the auditor's report on the complete set
of financial statements do not have implications for the audit of, or for the auditor's
report on, the single financial statement or the specific element of a financial statement,
the auditor may deem it appropriate to refer to the matter(s) in an Other Matter
paragraph in an auditor's report on the single financial statement or on the specific
element of a financial statement (see SA 706(Revised))31. For example, the auditor may
consider it appropriate to refer in the auditor's report on the single financial statement or a
specific element of the financial statement to a Material Uncertainty Related to Going
Concern section included in the auditor's report on the complete set of financial
statements.
Adverse Opinion or Disclaimer of Opinion in the Auditor's Report on the Entity's
Complete Set of Financial Statements (Ref: Para 15)
A27.    In the auditor's report on an entity's complete set of financial statements, the
expression of a disclaimer of opinion regarding the results of operations and cash flows,
where relevant, and an unmodified opinion regarding the state of affairs is permitted
since the disclaimer of opinion is being issued in respect of the results of operations and
cash flows only and not in respect of the financial statements as a whole32.




31
     SA 706(Revised), paragraphs 10-11.
32
     SA 510, "Initial Audit Engagements--Opening Balances", paragraph A5, and SA 705(Revised), paragraph A16.

                                                        30
                                                                              Appendix 1
                                                                             (Ref: Para. A3)
Examples of Specific Elements, Accounts or Items of a Financial
Statement
   Accounts receivable, allowance for doubtful accounts receivable, inventory, the
   liability for accrued benefits of a private pension plan, the recorded value of
   identified intangible assets, or the liability for "incurred but not reported" claims in an
   insurance portfolio, including related notes.
   A schedule of externally managed assets and income of a private pension plan,
   including related notes.
   A schedule of net tangible assets, including related notes.
   A schedule of disbursements in relation to a lease property, including explanatory
   notes.
   A schedule of profit participation or employee bonuses, including explanatory notes.




                                            31
                                                                          Appendix 2
                                                                         (Ref: Para. A16)

Illustrations of Independent Auditor's Reports on a Single Financial
Statement and on a Specific Element of a Financial Statement
   Illustration 1: An auditor's report on a single financial statement of an entity other
   than a listed entity prepared in accordance with a general purpose framework (for
   purposes of this illustration, a fair presentation framework).

   Illustration 2: An auditor's report on a single financial statement of an entity other
   than a listed entity prepared in accordance with a special purpose framework (for
   purposes of this illustration, a fair presentation framework).

   Illustration 3: An auditor's report on a specific element, account or item of financial
   statements of a listed entity prepared in accordance with a special purpose
   framework (for purposes of this illustration, a compliance framework).




                                           32
Illustration 1: An auditor's report on a single financial statement of an unlisted
company, prepared in accordance with a general purpose framework (for
purposes of this illustration, a fair presentation framework).
For the purposes of this illustrative auditor's report, the following circumstances are
assumed:
   Audit of a balance sheet (i.e., a single financial statement).
   The balance sheet has been prepared by management of the entity in accordance
   with the requirements of the Accounting Standards referred to in section 133 of the
   Companies Act, 2013 relevant to preparing a balance sheet.
   The applicable financial reporting framework is a fair presentation framework
   designed to meet the common financial information needs of a wide range of users.
   The terms of the audit engagement reflect the description of management's
   responsibility for the financial statements in SA 210.
   The auditor has determined that it is appropriate to use the phrase "presents a true
   and fair view", in the auditor's opinion.
   The relevant ethical requirements that apply to the audit comprise the Code of Ethics
   issued by ICAI together with the other relevant ethical requirements relating to the
   audit and the auditor refers to both.
   Based on the audit evidence obtained, the auditor has concluded that a material
   uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on
   the entity's ability to continue as a going concern in accordance with SA 570
   (Revised). The disclosure of the material uncertainty in the single financial statement
   is adequate.
   The auditor is not required, and has otherwise not decided, to communicate key audit
   matters in accordance with SA 701 in the context of the audit of the balance sheet.
   The auditor has determined that there is no other information (i.e., the requirements
   of SA 720 (Revised) do not apply).
   Those responsible for oversight of the financial statement do not differ from those
   responsible for the preparation of the financial statement.
   The auditor has no other reporting responsibilities required under the law or
   regulation in the specific context of this engagement.
INDEPENDENT AUDITOR'S REPORT
[Appropriate Addressee]
Opinion
We have audited the balance sheet of ABC Company Ltd. (the Company) as at March
31, 20X1 and notes to the financial statement, including a summary of significant
accounting policies (together "the financial statement").
In our opinion, and to the best of our information and according to the explanations

                                            33
given to us, the accompanying financial statement give a true and fair view of the state
of affairs of the Company as at March 31, 20XX in accordance with those requirements
of the Accounting Standards referred to in section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013
relevant to preparing such a financial statement.
Basis for Opinion
We conducted our audit in accordance with the Standards on Auditing (SAs) specified
under section 143(10) of the Companies Act, 2013. Our responsibilities under those
standards are further described in the Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit of the
Financial Statement section of our report. We are independent of the Company in
accordance with the Code of Ethics issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of
India together with the ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the
financial statements under the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 and the Rules
thereunder, and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with
these requirements and the Code of Ethics. We believe that the audit evidence we have
obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.
Material Uncertainty Related to Going Concern
We draw attention to Note 6 in the financial statement, which indicates that the
Company incurred a net loss of Rs. ZZZ during the year ended March 31, 20X1 and, as
of that date, the Company's current liabilities exceeded its total assets by Rs. YYY. As
stated in Note 6, these events or conditions, along with other matters as set forth in
Note 6, indicate that a material uncertainty exists that may cast significant doubt on the
Company's ability to continue as a going concern. Our opinion is not modified in respect
of this matter.
Management's33 Responsibility for the Financial Statement
The company' board of directors is responsible for the preparation and fair presentation
of the financial statement in accordance with those requirements of the Accounting
Standards referred to in section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the Act") relevant to
preparing such a financial statement; this includes the design, implementation and
maintenance of internal control relevant to the preparation and fair presentation of the
financial statement that is free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or
error.
In preparing the financial statements, the board of directors is responsible for assessing
the Company's ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, matters
related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless
management either intends to liquidate the Company or to cease operations, or has no
realistic alternative but to do so.
The Board of Directors is also responsible for overseeing the Company's financial
reporting process.
Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit of the Financial Statement
Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial

33
     Or other term that is appropriate in the context of the applicable legal framework.

                                                             34
statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or
error, and to issue an auditor's report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance
is a high level of assurance, but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in
accordance with SAs will always detect a material misstatement when it exists.
Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually
or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic
decisions of users taken on the basis of these financial statements.
Paragraph 40(b) of SA 700(Revised) explains that the shaded material below can be
located in an Appendix to the auditor's report. Paragraph 40(c) of SA 700(Revised)
explains that when law, regulation or applicable auditing standards expressly permit,
reference can be made to a website of an appropriate authority that contains the
description of the auditor's responsibilities, rather than including this material in the
auditor's report, provided that the description on the website addresses, and is not
inconsistent with, the description of the auditor's responsibilities below.
As part of an audit in accordance with the Standards on Auditing, we exercise
professional judgment and maintain professional skepticism throughout the audit. We
also:
 identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements,
 whether due to fraud or error, design and perform audit procedures responsive to
 those risks, and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide a
 basis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from
 fraud is higher than for one resulting from error, as fraud may involve collusion,
 forgery, intentional omissions, misrepresentations, or the override of internal control.
 Obtain an understanding of internal control relevant to the audit in order to design
 audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of
 expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company's internal control34.
 Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of
 accounting estimates and related disclosures made by management.
 Conclude on the appropriateness of management's use of the going concern basis of
 accounting and, based on the audit evidence obtained, whether a material
 uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on
 the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material
 uncertainty exists, we are required to draw attention in our auditor's report to the
 related disclosures in the financial statements or, if such disclosures are inadequate,
 to modify our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up
 to the date of our auditor's report. However, future events or conditions may cause
 the Company to cease to continue as a going concern.
 Evaluate the overall presentation, structure and content of the financial statement,
 including the disclosures, and whether the financial statement represents the
 underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fair presentation.

34
  This sentence would be modified, as appropriate in circumstances when the auditor also has responsibility to issue
an opinion on the effectiveness of internal control in conjunction with an audit of the financial statements.

                                                        35
We communicate with those charged with governance regarding, among other matters,
the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings, including any
significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.
                                                                               For XYZ and Co.
                                                                         Chartered Accountants
                                                                     Firm's Registration Number
                                                                                     Signature
                                                  (Name of the Member Signing the Audit Report)
                                                                                (Designation35)
                                                                          Membership Number
Place of Signature
Date




35
     Partner or Proprietor, as the case may be.

                                                    36
Illustration 2: An auditor's report on a single financial statement of an unlisted
company, prepared in accordance with a special purpose framework (for
purposes of this illustration, a fair presentation framework).
For purposes of this illustrative auditor's report, the following circumstances are
assumed:
     Audit of a statement of cash receipts and disbursements (i.e., a single financial
     statement).
     An auditor's report on the complete set of financial statements was not issued.
     The financial statement has been prepared by management of the entity in
     accordance with the cash receipts and disbursements basis of accounting to
     respond to a request for cash flow information received from a creditor. Management
     has a choice of financial reporting frameworks.
     The applicable financial reporting framework is a fair presentation framework
     designed to meet the financial information needs of specific users36.
     The terms of the audit engagement reflect the description of management's
     responsibility for the financial statements in SA 210.
     The auditor has concluded an unmodified (i.e., "clean") opinion is appropriate based
     on the audit evidence obtained.
     The auditor has determined that it is appropriate to use the phrase "presents a true
     and fair view" in the auditor's opinion.
     The relevant ethical requirements that apply to the audit comprise the Code of Ethics
     issued by ICAI together with the other relevant ethical requirements relating to the
     audit and the auditor refers to both.
     Distribution or use of the auditor's report is not restricted.
     Based on the audit evidence obtained, the auditor has concluded that a material
     uncertainty does not exist related to events or conditions that may cast significant
     doubt on the entity's ability to continue as a going concern in accordance with SA
     570 (Revised).
     The auditor is not required, and has otherwise not decided, to communicate key
     audit matters in accordance with SA 701 in the context of the audit of the statement
     of cash receipts and disbursements.
     The auditor has determined that there is no other information (i.e., the requirements
     of SA 720(Revised) do not apply).
     Management is responsible for the preparation of the financial statement and
     oversight of the financial reporting process to prepare this financial statement.
     The auditor has no other reporting responsibilities required under law or regulation in
     the specific context of this engagement.

36
  SA 800 (Revised) contains requirements and guidance on the form and content of financial statements prepared in
accordance with a special purpose framework.

                                                      37
INDEPENDENT AUDITOR'S REPORT
[Appropriate Addressee]
Opinion
We have audited the statement of cash receipts and disbursements of ABC Company
Ltd. (the Company) for the year ended March 31, 20X1 and notes to the statement of
cash receipts and disbursements, including a summary of significant accounting policies
(together "the financial statement").
In our opinion, and to the best of our information and according to the explanations
given to us, the accompanying financial statement presents a true and fair view of the
cash receipts and disbursements of the Company for the year ended March 31, 20X1 in
accordance with the cash receipts and disbursements basis of accounting described in
Note X.
Basis for Opinion
We conducted our audit in accordance with the Standards on Auditing (SAs) specified
under section 143(10) of the Companies Act, 2013. Our responsibilities under those
standards are further described in the Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit of the
Financial Statement section of our report. We are independent of the Company in
accordance with the Code of Ethics issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of
India together with the ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the
financial statements under the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 and the Rules
thereunder, and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with
these requirements and the Code of Ethics. We believe that the audit evidence we have
obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.
Emphasis of Matter ­ Basis of Accounting
We draw attention to Note X to the financial statement, which describes the basis of
accounting. The financial statement is prepared to provide information to XYZ Creditor.
As a result, the financial statement may not be suitable for another purpose. Our opinion
is not modified in respect of this matter.
                         37
Management's                  Responsibility for the Financial Statement
The Company's Board of Directors is responsible for the preparation and fair
presentation of the financial statement in accordance with the cash receipts and
disbursements basis of accounting described in Note X; this includes determining that
the cash receipts and disbursements basis of accounting is an acceptable basis for the
preparation of the financial statement in the circumstances, and the design,
implementation and maintenance of internal control relevant to the preparation and fair
presentation of the financial statement that is free from material misstatement, whether
due to fraud or error.
In preparing the financial statement, the Board of Directors is responsible for assessing
the Company's ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, matters

37
     Or other term that is appropriate in the context of the applicable legal framework.

                                                             38
relating to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless
management either intends to liquidate the Company or to cease operations, or has no
realistic alternative but to do so.
The Board of Directors is also responsible for overseeing the Company's financial
reporting process.
Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit of the Financial Statement
Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial
statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or
error, and to issue an auditor's report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance
is a high level of assurance, but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in
accordance with SAs will always detect a material misstatement when it exists.
Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually
or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic
decisions of users taken on the basis of these financial statements.
Paragraph 40(b) of SA 700(Revised) explains that the shaded material below can be
located in an Appendix to the auditor's report. Paragraph 40(c) of SA 700(Revised)
explains that when law, regulation or applicable auditing standards expressly permit,
reference can be made to a website of an appropriate authority that contains the
description of the auditor's responsibilities, rather than including this material in the
auditor's report, provided that the description on the website addresses, and is not
inconsistent with, the description of the auditor's responsibilities below.
As part of an audit in accordance with the Standards on Auditing, we exercise
professional judgment and maintain professional skepticism throughout the audit. We
also:
 identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements,
 whether due to fraud or error, design and perform audit procedures responsive to
 those risks, and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide a
 basis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from
 fraud is higher than for one resulting from error, as fraud may involve collusion,
 forgery, intentional omissions, misrepresentations, or the override of internal control.
 Obtain an understanding of internal control relevant to the audit in order to design
 audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of
 expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company's internal control38.
 Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of
 accounting estimates and related disclosures made by management
 Conclude on the appropriateness of management's use of the going concern basis of
 accounting and, based on the audit evidence obtained, whether a material
 uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on
 the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material

38
  This sentence would be modified, as appropriate in circumstances when the auditor also has responsibility to issue
an opinion on the effectiveness of internal control in conjunction with an audit of the financial statements.

                                                        39
     uncertainty exists, we are required to draw attention in our auditor's report to the
     related disclosures in the financial statements or, if such disclosures are inadequate,
     to modify our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up
     to the date of our auditor's report. However, future events or conditions may cause
     the Company to cease to continue as a going concern.
 Evaluate the overall presentation, structure and content of the financial statement,
 including the disclosures, and whether the financial statement represents the
 underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fair presentation.
We communicate with those charged with governance regarding, among other matters,
the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings, including any
significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.
                                                                               For XYZ and Co.
                                                                         Chartered Accountants
                                                                     Firm's Registration Number
                                                                                     Signature
                                                  (Name of the Member Signing the Audit Report)
                                                                                (Designation39)
                                                                          Membership Number

Place of Signature
Date




39
     Partner or Proprietor, as the case may be.

                                                    40
Illustration 3: An auditor's report on a specific element of a financial statement of
a listed entity prepared in accordance with a special purpose framework (for
purposes of this illustration, a compliance framework).
For purposes of this illustrative auditor's report, the following circumstances are
assumed:
     Audit of an accounts receivable schedule (i.e., element, account or item of a financial
     statement).
     The financial information has been prepared by management of the entity in
     accordance with the financial reporting provisions established by a regulator to meet
     the requirements of that regulator. Management does not have a choice of financial
     reporting frameworks.
     The applicable financial reporting framework is a compliance framework designed to
     meet the financial information needs of specific users40.
     The terms of the audit engagement reflect the description of management's
     responsibility for the financial statements in SA 210.
     The auditor has concluded an unmodified (i.e., "clean") opinion is appropriate based
     on the audit evidence obtained.
     The relevant ethical requirements that apply to the audit comprise the Code of Ethics
     issued by ICAI together with the other relevant ethical requirements relating to the
     audit and the auditor refers to both.
     Distribution of the auditor's report is restricted.
     Based on the audit evidence obtained, the auditor has concluded that a material
     uncertainty does not exist related to events or conditions that may cast significant
     doubt on the entity's ability to continue as a going concern in accordance with SA 570
     (Revised).
     The auditor is not required, and has otherwise not decided to communicate key audit
     matters in accordance with SA 701 in the context of the audit of the accounts
     receivable schedule.
     The auditor has determined that there is no other information (i.e., the requirements
     of SA 720(Revised) do not apply).
     Those responsible for oversight of the financial statement do not differ from those
     responsible for the preparation of the financial statement.
     The auditor has no other reporting responsibilities required under law or regulation in
     the specific context of this engagement.


40
  SA 800(Revised) contains requirements and guidance on the form and content of financial statements prepared in
accordance with a special purpose framework.

                                                      41
INDEPENDENT AUDITOR'S REPORT
[Appropriate Addressee]
Opinion
We have audited the Accounts Receivable schedule of ABC Company Ltd. (the
Company) as at March 31, 20X1 ("the Schedule").
In our opinion, the financial information in the schedule of the Company as at March 31,
20X1 is prepared, in all material respects, in accordance with [describe the financial
reporting provisions established by the regulator].
Basis for Opinion
We conducted our audit in accordance with the Standards on Auditing (SAs) specified
under section 143(10) of the Companies Act 2013. Our responsibilities under those
standards are further described in the Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit of the
Schedule section of our report. We are independent of the Company in accordance with
the Code of Ethics issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India together
with the ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the financial statements
under the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 and the Rules thereunder, and we
have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with these requirements
and the Code of Ethics. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is
sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.
Emphasis of Matter ­ Basis of Accounting and Restriction on Distribution
We draw attention to Note X to the schedule, which describes the basis of accounting.
The schedule is prepared to assist the Company to meet the requirements of Regulator
DEF. As a result, the schedule may not be suitable for another purpose. Our report is
intended solely for the Company and Regulator DEF and should not be distributed to
parties other than the Company or Regulator DEF. Our opinion is not modified in
respect of this matter.
                        41
Management's Responsibility for the Schedule
The Company's Board of Directors is responsible for the preparation of the schedule in
accordance with [describe the financial reporting provisions established by the
regulator]; this includes the design, implementation and maintenance of internal control
relevant to the preparation of the schedule that is free from material misstatement,
whether due to fraud or error.
In preparing the schedule, the Board of directors is responsible for assessing the
Company's ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, matters
relating to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless
management either intends to liquidate the Company or to cease operations, or has no
realistic alternative but to do so.


41
     Or other term that is appropriate in the context of the applicable legal framework.

                                                             42
The Board of Directors is also responsible for overseeing the Company's financial
reporting process.
Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit of the Schedule
Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the Schedule is free
from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, and to issue an auditor's
report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance, but
is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with SAs will always detect a
material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and
are considered material if, individually or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be
expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of this
Schedule.
Paragraph 40(b) of SA 700(Revised) explains that the shaded material below can be
located in an Appendix to the auditor's report. Paragraph 40(c) of SA 700(Revised)
explains that when law, regulation or applicable auditing standards expressly permit,
reference can be made to a website of an appropriate authority that contains the
description of the auditor's responsibilities, rather than including this material in the
auditor's report, provided that the description on the website addresses, and is not
inconsistent with, the description of the auditor's responsibilities below.
As part of an audit in accordance with the Standards on Auditing, we exercise
professional judgment and maintain professional skepticism throughout the audit. We
also:
     identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the schedule, whether due
     to fraud or error, design and perform audit procedures responsive to those risks,
     and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our
     opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from fraud is
     higher than for one resulting from error, as fraud may involve collusion, forgery,
     intentional omissions, misrepresentations, or the override of internal control.
     Obtain an understanding of internal control relevant to the audit in order to design
     audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose
     of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company's internal control42.
     Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness
     of accounting estimates and related disclosures made by management
     Conclude on the appropriateness of management's use of the going concern basis
     of accounting and, based on the audit evidence obtained, whether a material
     uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on
     the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material
     uncertainty exists, we are required to draw attention in our auditor's report to the
     related disclosures in the financial statements or, if such disclosures are
     inadequate, to modify our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence
     obtained up to the date of our auditor's report. However, future events or conditions

42
  This sentence would be modified, as appropriate in circumstances when the auditor also has responsibility to issue
an opinion on the effectiveness of internal control in conjunction with an audit of the financial statements.

                                                        43
    may cause the Company to cease to continue as a going concern.
We communicate with those charged with governance regarding, among other matters,
the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings, including any
significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.
We also provide those charged with governance with a statement that we have
complied with relevant ethical requirements regarding independence, and to
communicate with them all relationships and other matters that may reasonably be
thought to bear on our independence, and where applicable, related safeguards.
                                                                               For XYZ and Co.
                                                                         Chartered Accountants
                                                                     Firm's Registration Number
                                                                                     Signature
                                                  (Name of the Member Signing the Audit Report)
                                                                                (Designation43)
                                                                          Membership Number

Place of Signature
Date




43
     Partner or Proprietor, as the case may be.

                                                    44
                  Standard on Auditing SA 810(Revised)
          Engagements to Report on Summary Financial Statements

Contents
                                                                                                               Paragraph(s)
Introduction
Scope of this SA .............................................................................................................. 1
Effective Date ................................................................................................................ 2
Objectives ...................................................................................................................... 3
Definitions ...................................................................................................................... 4
Requirements
Engagement Acceptance ............................................................................................. 5-7
Nature of Procedures ...................................................................................................... 8
Form of Opinion ....................................................................................................... 9-11
Timing of Work and Events Subsequent to the Date of the
Auditor's Report on the Audited Financial Statements ........................................... 12-13
Information in Documents Containing Summary Financial Statements ................... 14-15
Auditor's Report on Summary Financial Statements .............................................. 16-21
Restriction on Distribution or Use or Alerting Readers to the Basis of Accounting ........ 22
Comparatives ......................................................................................................... 23-24
Unaudited Supplementary Information Presented with Summary
Financial Statements ..................................................................................................... 25
Other Considerations ............................................................................................... 26-27
Application and Other Explanatory Material
Engagement Acceptance ........................................................................................ A1-A7
Evaluating the Availability of the Audited Financial Statements .................................... A8
Form of Opinion .......................................................................................................... A9
Timing of Work and Events Subsequent to the Date of the
Auditor's Report on the Audited Financial Statements .............................................. A10
Information in Documents Containing Summary Financial Statements ............... A11-A16
Auditor's Report on Summary Financial Statements ......................................... A17-A23
Comparatives .................................................................................................... A24-A25
Unaudited Supplementary Information Presented with Summary
Financial Statements ................................................................................................. A26
Other Considerations ................................................................................................ A27
Material Modifications vis-a-vis ISA 810(Revised), "Engagements to Report on
Summary Financial Statements"
Appendix: Illustrations of Independent Auditor's Reports on Summary Financial
Statements
Standard on Auditing (SA) 810(Revised), "Engagements to Report on Summary
Financial Statements" should be read in the context of the "Preface to the Standards on
Quality Control, Auditing, Review, Other Assurance and Related Services", which sets
out the authority of SAs and SA 200, "Overall Objectives of the Independent Auditor and
the Conduct of an Audit in Accordance with Standards on Auditing".




                                                          46
Introduction
Scope of this SA
1. This Standard on Auditing (SA) deals with the auditor's responsibilities when
undertaking an engagement to report on summary financial statements derived from
financial statements audited in accordance with SAs by that same auditor.
Effective Date
2. This SA is effective for engagements to report on summary financial statements for
periods beginning on or after....................
Objectives
3. The objectives of the auditor are:
(a) To determine whether it is appropriate to accept the engagement to report on
    summary financial statements;
(b) If engaged to report on summary financial statements:
       (i) To form an opinion on the summary financial statements based on an
           evaluation of the conclusions drawn from the evidence obtained; and
       (ii) To express clearly that opinion through a written report that also describes the
            basis for that opinion.
Definitions
4. For purposes of this SA, the following terms have the meanings attributed below:
(a) Applied criteria ­ The criteria applied by management in the preparation of the
    summary financial statements.
                                                               1
(b) Audited financial statements ­ Financial statements audited by the auditor in
    accordance with SAs, and from which the summary financial statements are
    derived.
(c) Summary financial statements ­ Historical financial information that is derived
    from financial statements but that contains less detail than the financial statements,
    while still providing a structured representation consistent with that provided by the
    financial statements of the entity's economic resources or obligations at a point in
    time or the changes therein for a period of time2. Different laws and regulations may
    use different terminology to describe such historical financial information.
Requirements
Engagement Acceptance
5. The auditor shall ordinarily accept an engagement to report on summary financial

1
    SA 200, paragraph 13(f).
2
    SA 200, paragraph 13(f).

                                              47
statements in accordance with this SA only when the auditor has been engaged to
conduct an audit in accordance with SAs of the financial statements from which the
summary financial statements are derived3. (Ref: Para. A1)
6. Before accepting an engagement to report on summary financial statements, the
auditor shall: (Ref: Para. A2)
(a) Determine whether the applied criteria are acceptable; (Ref: Para. A3-A7)
(b) Obtain the agreement of management that it acknowledges and understands its
    responsibility:
     i.    For the preparation of the summary financial statements in accordance with the
           applied criteria;
     ii.   To make the audited financial statements available to the intended users of the
           summary financial statements without undue difficulty (or, if law or regulation
           provides that the audited financial statements need not be made available to the
           intended users of the summary financial statements and establishes the criteria
           for the preparation of the summary financial statements, to describe that law or
           regulation in the summary financial statements); and
     iii. To include the auditor's report on the summary financial statements in any
          document that contains the summary financial statements and that indicates
          that the auditor has reported on them.
(c) Agree with management the form of opinion to be expressed on the summary
    financial statements (see paragraphs 9-11).
7. If the auditor concludes that the applied criteria are unacceptable or is unable to
obtain the agreement of management set out in paragraph 6(b), the auditor shall not
accept the engagement to report on the summary financial statements, unless required
by law or regulation to do so. An engagement conducted in accordance with such law or
regulation does not comply with this SA. Accordingly, the auditor's report on the
summary financial statements shall not indicate that the engagement was conducted in
accordance with this SA. The auditor shall include appropriate reference to this fact in
the terms of the engagement. The auditor shall also determine the effect that this may
have on the engagement to audit the financial statements from which the summary
financial statements are derived.
Nature of Procedures
8. The auditor shall perform the following procedures, and any other procedures that
the auditor may consider necessary, as the basis for the auditor's opinion on the
summary financial statements:
3
  In some cases however the auditor may be required by a law or a regulation governing the entity to report on
summary financial statements even for such accounting periods for which the former was not engaged to conduct the
audit in accordance with SAs of the financial statements pertaining to such accounting periods. For example, in case
of the report of the auditor of the company to be included in a prospectus under sub-Rule 4 of the Companies
(Prospectus and Allotment of Securities) Rules, 2014 issued under the Companies Act, 2013, such auditor
might not necessarily have been the auditor of all or some of the financial statements of the company in respect
of the accounting periods relating to which financial information has been reported upon by him/ her in the
aforementioned report.

                                                        48
(a) Evaluate whether the summary financial statements adequately disclose their
    summarised nature and identify the audited financial statements.
(b) When summary financial statements are not accompanied by the audited financial
    statements, evaluate whether they describe clearly:
    (i) From whom or where the audited financial statements are available; or
    (ii) The law or regulation that specifies that the audited financial statements need
         not be made available to the intended users of the summary financial
         statements and establishes the criteria for the preparation of the summary
         financial statements.
(c) Evaluate whether the summary financial statements adequately disclose the applied
    criteria.
(d) Compare the summary financial statements with the related information in the
    audited financial statements to determine whether the summary financial statements
    agree with or can be re-calculated from the related information in the audited
    financial statements.
(e) Evaluate whether the summary financial statements are prepared in accordance
    with the applied criteria.
(f) Evaluate, in view of the purpose of the summary financial statements, whether the
    summary financial statements contain the information necessary, and are at an
    appropriate level of aggregation, so as not to be misleading in the circumstances.
(g) Evaluate whether the audited financial statements are available to the intended
    users of the summary financial statements without undue difficulty, unless law or
    regulation provides that they need not be made available and establishes the criteria
    for the preparation of the summary financial statements. (Ref: Para. A8)
Form of Opinion
9. When the auditor has concluded that an unmodified opinion on the summary
financial statements is appropriate, the auditor's opinion shall, unless otherwise required
by law or regulation, use one of the following phrases: (Ref: Para. A9)
(a) The accompanying summary financial statements are consistent, in all material
    respects, with the audited financial statements, in accordance with [the applied
    criteria]; or
(b) The accompanying summary financial statements are a fair summary of the audited
    financial statements, in accordance with [the applied criteria].
10. If law or regulation prescribes the wording of the opinion on summary financial
statements in terms that are different from those described in paragraph 9, the auditor
shall:
(a) Apply the procedures described in paragraph 8 and any further procedures
    necessary to enable the auditor to express the prescribed opinion; and
(b) Evaluate whether users of the summary financial statements might misunderstand

                                            49
       the auditor's opinion on the summary financial statements and, if so, whether
       additional explanation in the auditor's report on the summary financial statements
       can mitigate possible misunderstanding.
11. If, in the case of paragraph 10(b), the auditor concludes that additional explanation
in the auditor's report on the summary financial statements cannot mitigate possible
misunderstanding, the auditor shall not accept the engagement, unless required by law
or regulation to do so. An engagement conducted in accordance with such law or
regulation does not comply with this SA. Accordingly, the auditor's report on the
summary financial statements shall not indicate that the engagement was conducted in
accordance with this SA.
Timing of Work and Events Subsequent to the Date of the Auditor's Report on the
Audited Financial Statements
12. The auditor's report on the summary financial statements may be dated later than
the date of the auditor's report on the audited financial statements. In such cases, the
auditor's report on the summary financial statements shall state that the summary
financial statements and the audited financial statements do not reflect the effects of
events that occurred subsequent to the date of the auditor's report on the audited
financial statements. (Ref: Para. A10)
13. The auditor may become aware of facts that existed at the date of the auditor's
report on the audited financial statements, but of which the auditor previously was
unaware. In such cases, the auditor shall not issue the auditor's report on the summary
financial statements until the auditor's consideration of such facts in relation to the
audited financial statements in accordance with SA 5604 has been completed.
Information in Documents Containing Summary Financial Statements
14. The auditor shall read the information included in a document containing the
summary financial statements and the auditor's report thereon and consider whether
there is a material inconsistency between that information and the summary financial
statements.
15. If the auditor identifies a material inconsistency, the auditor shall discuss the matter
with management and determine whether the summary financial statements or the
information included in the document containing the summary financial statements and
the auditor's report thereon needs to be revised. If the auditor determines that the
information needs to be revised and management refuses to revise the information as
necessary, the auditor shall take appropriate action in the circumstances, including
considering the implications for the auditor's report on the summary financial
statements. (Ref: Para. A11- A16)
Auditor's Report on Summary Financial Statements
Elements of the Auditor's Report
16. The auditor's report on summary financial statements shall include the following


4
    SA 560, "Subsequent Events".

                                            50
elements5: (Ref: Para. A23)
(a) A title clearly indicating it as the report of an independent auditor. (Ref: Para. A17)
(b) An addressee. (Ref: Para. A18)
(c) Identification of the summary financial statements on which the auditor is reporting,
    including the title of each statement included in the summary financial statements;
    (Ref: Para. A19)
(d) Identification of the audited financial statements;
(e) Subject to paragraph 20, a clear expression of an opinion. (see paragraphs 9-11)
(f) A statement indicating that the summary financial statements do not contain all the
    disclosures required by the financial reporting framework applied in the preparation
    of the audited financial statements, and that reading the summary financial
    statements and the auditor's report thereon is not a substitute for reading the audited
    financial statements and the auditor's report thereon.
(g) Where applicable, the statement required by paragraph 12.
(h) Reference to the auditor's report on the audited financial statements, the date of
    that report, and, subject to paragraphs 19-20, the fact that an unmodified opinion is
    expressed on the audited financial statements;
                                   6
(i) A description of management's responsibility for the summary financial statements,
    explaining that management7 is responsible for the preparation of the summary
    financial statements in accordance with the applied criteria.
(j) A statement that the auditor is responsible for expressing an opinion, based on the
    auditor's procedures conducted in accordance with this SA, on whether the
    summary financial statements are consistent, in all material respects, with [or are a
    fair summary of] the audited financial statements.
(k) The auditor's signature.
(l) The date of the auditor's report. (Ref: Para. A20)
(m) The place of signature.
17. If the addressee of the summary financial statements is not the same as the
addressee of the auditor's report on the audited financial statements, the auditor shall
evaluate the appropriateness of using a different addressee. (Ref: Para. A18)
18. The auditor shall date the auditor's report on the summary financial statements no
earlier than: (Ref: Para. A20)
(a) The date on which the auditor has obtained sufficient appropriate evidence on which
    to base the opinion, including evidence that the summary financial statements have
    been prepared and those with the recognised authority have asserted that they have







  Paragraphs 19-20, which deal with circumstances where the auditor's report on the audited financial statements
has been modified, require additional elements to those listed in this paragraph.
6
  Or other term that is appropriate in the context of the applicable law or regulation.
7
  Or other term that is appropriate in the context of the applicable law or regulation.

                                                      51
    taken responsibility for them; and
(b) The date of the auditor's report on the audited financial statements.
Reference to the Auditor's Report on the Audited Financial Statements (Ref: Para.
A23)
19. When the auditor's report on the audited financial statements includes:
(a) a qualified opinion in accordance with SA 705(Revised)8;
(b) an Emphasis of Matter paragraph, or an Other Matter paragraph in accordance with
    SA 706(Revised)9;
(c) A Material Uncertainty Related to Going Concern section in accordance with SA
     570 (Revised);10
(d) Communication of key audit matters in accordance with SA 701;11 or
(e) A statement that describes an uncorrected material misstatement of the other
    information in accordance with SA 720 (Revised);12
and the auditor is satisfied that the summary financial statements are consistent, in all
material respects, with or are a fair summary of the audited financial statements, in
accordance with the applied criteria, the auditor's report on the summary financial
statements shall, in addition to the elements in paragraph 16:
(i) State that the auditor's report on the audited financial statements includes a
    qualified opinion, an Emphasis of Matter paragraph, an Other Matter paragraph, a
    Material Uncertainty Related to Going Concern section, communication of key audit
    matters, or a statement that describes an uncorrected material misstatement of the
    other information; and (Ref: Para. A21)
(ii) Describe: (Ref: Para A22)
    (a) The basis for the qualified opinion on the audited financial statements and the
        effect thereof, if any, on the summary financial statements,
    (b) The matter referred to in the Emphasis of Matter paragraph or the Other Matter
        paragraph or the Material Uncertainty Related to Going Concern section in the
        auditor's report on the audited financial statements; and the effect(s) thereof, if
        any, on the summary financial statements; or
    (c) The uncorrected material misstatement of the other information and the effect(s)
        thereof, if any, on the information included in a document containing the
        summary financial statements and the auditor's report thereon. (Ref: Para A15)
20. When the auditor's report on the audited financial statements contains an adverse
opinion or a disclaimer of opinion, the auditor's report on the summary financial

8
  SA 705(Revised), Modifications to the Opinion in the Independent Auditor's Report.
9
   SA 706(Revised), Emphasis of Matter Paragraphs and Other Matter Paragraphs in the Independent Auditor's
Report
10
   SA 570(Revised), Going Concern, paragraph 22
11
   SA 701, Communicating Key Audit Matters in the Independent Auditor's Report
12
   SA 720(Revised), The Auditor's Responsibilities Related to Other Information, paragraph 22(e)(ii)

                                                   52
statements shall, in addition to the elements in paragraph 16:
(a) State that the auditor's report on the audited financial statements contains an
    adverse opinion or disclaimer of opinion;
(b) Describe the basis for that adverse opinion or disclaimer of opinion; and
(c) State that, as a result of the adverse opinion or disclaimer of opinion on the audited
    financial statements, it is inappropriate to express an opinion on the summary
    financial statements. (Ref. Para A23)
Modified Opinion on the Summary Financial Statements
21. If the summary financial statements are not consistent, in all material respects, with
or are not a fair summary of the audited financial statements, in accordance with the
applied criteria, and management does not agree to make the necessary changes, the
auditor shall express an adverse opinion on the summary financial statements. (Ref:
Para. A23)
Restriction on Distribution or Use or Alerting Readers to the Basis of Accounting
22. When distribution or use of the auditor's report on the audited financial statements is
restricted, or the auditor's report on the audited financial statements alerts readers that
the audited financial statements are prepared in accordance with a special purpose
framework, the auditor shall include a similar restriction or alert in the auditor's report on
the summary financial statements.
Comparatives
23. If the audited financial statements contain comparatives, but the summary financial
statements do not, the auditor shall determine whether such omission is reasonable in
the circumstances of the engagement. The auditor shall determine the effect of an
unreasonable omission on the auditor's report on the summary financial statements.
(Ref: Para. A24)
24. If the summary financial statements contain comparatives that were reported on by
another auditor, the auditor's report on the summary financial statements shall also
contain the matters that SA 710 requires the auditor to include in the auditor's report on
the audited financial statements13. (Ref: Para. A25)
Unaudited Supplementary Information Presented with Summary Financial
Statements
25. The auditor shall evaluate whether any unaudited supplementary information
presented with the summary financial statements is clearly differentiated from the
summary financial statements. If the auditor concludes that the entity's presentation of
the unaudited supplementary information is not clearly differentiated from the summary
financial statements, the auditor shall ask management to change the presentation of
the unaudited supplementary information. If management refuses to do so, the auditor
shall explain in the auditor's report on the summary financial statements that such

13
     SA 710, "Comparative Information--Corresponding Figures and Comparative Financial Statements".

                                                        53
information is not covered by that report. (Ref: Para. A26)
Other Considerations
26. If the auditor becomes aware that the entity plans to state that the auditor has
reported on summary financial statements in a document containing the summary
financial statements, but does not plan to include the related auditor's report, the auditor
shall request management to include the auditor's report in the document. If
management does not do so, the auditor shall determine and carry out other appropriate
actions designed to prevent management from inappropriately associating the auditor
with the summary financial statements in that document. (Ref: Para. A27)
27. The auditor may be engaged to report on the financial statements of an entity, while
not engaged to report on the summary financial statements. If, in this case, the auditor
becomes aware that the entity plans to make a statement in a document that refers to
the auditor and the fact that summary financial statements are derived from the financial
statements audited by the auditor, the auditor shall be satisfied that:
(a) The reference to the auditor is made in the context of the auditor's report on the
    audited financial statements; and
(b) The statement does not give the impression that the auditor has reported on the
    summary financial statements.
If (a) or (b) are not met, the auditor shall request management to change the statement
to meet them, or not to refer to the auditor in the document. Alternatively, the entity may
engage the auditor to report on the summary financial statements and include the
related auditor's report in the document. If management does not change the statement,
delete the reference to the auditor, or include an auditor's report on the summary
financial statements in the document containing the summary financial statements, the
auditor shall advise management that the auditor disagrees with the reference to the
auditor, and the auditor shall determine and carry out other appropriate actions
designed to prevent management from inappropriately referring to the auditor. (Ref:
Para. A27)
                                            ***
Application and Other Explanatory Material
Engagement Acceptance (Ref: Para. 5-6)
A1. The audit of the financial statements from which the summary financial statements
are derived provides the auditor with the necessary knowledge to discharge the
auditor's responsibilities in relation to the summary financial statements in accordance
with this SA. Application of this SA will not provide sufficient appropriate evidence on
which to base the opinion on the summary financial statements if the auditor has not
also audited the financial statements from which the summary financial statements are
derived.
A2. Management's agreement with the matters described in paragraph 6 may be
evidenced by its written acceptance of the terms of the engagement.


                                            54
Criteria (Ref: Para. 6(a))
A3. The preparation of summary financial statements requires management to
determine the information that needs to be reflected in the summary financial
statements so that they are consistent, in all material respects, with or represent a fair
summary of the audited financial statements. Because summary financial statements by
their nature contain aggregated information and limited disclosure, there is an increased
risk that they may not contain the information necessary so as not to be misleading in
the circumstances. This risk increases when established criteria for the preparation of
summary financial statements do not exist.
A4. Factors that may affect the auditor's determination of the acceptability of the applied
criteria include:
       The nature of the entity;
       The purpose of the summary financial statements;
       The information needs of the intended users of the summary financial statements;
       and
       Whether the applied criteria will result in summary financial statements that are not
       misleading in the circumstances.
A5. The criteria for the preparation of summary financial statements may be established
by an authorised or recognised standards setting organisation or by law or regulation.
Similar to the case of financial statements, as explained in SA 21014, in many such
cases, the auditor may presume that such criteria are acceptable.
A6. Where established criteria for the preparation of summary financial statements do
not exist, criteria may be developed by management, for example, based on practice in
a particular industry. Criteria that are acceptable in the circumstances will result in
summary financial statements that:
(a) Adequately disclose their summarised nature and identify the audited financial
    statements;
(b) Clearly describe from whom or where the audited financial statements are available
    or, if law or regulation provides that the audited financial statements need not be
    made available to the intended users of the summary financial statements and
    establishes the criteria for the preparation of the summary financial statements, that
    law or regulation;
(c) Adequately disclose the applied criteria;
(d) Agree with or can be re-calculated from the related information in the audited
    financial statements; and
(e) In view of the purpose of the summary financial statements, contain the information
    necessary, and are at an appropriate level of aggregation, so as not to be
    misleading in the circumstances.

14
     SA 210, "Agreeing the Terms of Audit Engagements", paragraphs A3 and A8-A9.

                                                       55
A7. Adequate disclosure of the summarised nature of the summary financial statements
and the identity of the audited financial statements, as referred to in paragraph A6(a),
may, for example, be provided by a title such as "Summary Financial Statements
Prepared from the Audited Financial Statements for the Year Ended March 31, 20X1".
Evaluating the Availability of the Audited Financial Statements (Ref: Para. 8(g))
A8. The auditor's evaluation whether the audited financial statements are available to
the intended users of the summary financial statements without undue difficulty is
affected by factors such as whether:
    The summary financial statements describe clearly from whom or where the audited
    financial statements are available;
    The audited financial statements are on public record; or
    Management has established a process by which the intended users of the summary
    financial statements can obtain ready access to the audited financial statements.
Form of Opinion (Ref: Para. 9)
A9. A conclusion, based on an evaluation of the evidence obtained by performing the
procedures in paragraph 8, that an unmodified opinion on the summary financial
statements is appropriate enables the auditor to express an opinion containing one of
the phrases in paragraph 9. The auditor's decision as to which of the phrases to use
may be affected by generally accepted practice in the particular jurisdiction.
Timing of Work and Events Subsequent to the Date of the Auditor's Report on the
Audited Financial Statements (Ref: Para. 12)
A10.     The procedures described in paragraph 8 are often performed during or
immediately after the audit of the financial statements. When the auditor reports on the
summary financial statements after the completion of the audit of the financial
statements, the auditor is not required to obtain additional audit evidence on the audited
financial statements, or report on the effects of events that occurred subsequent to the
date of the auditor's report on the audited financial statements since the summary
financial statements are derived from the audited financial statements and do not update
them.
Information in Documents Containing Summary Financial Statements (Ref: Para.
14-15)
A11. SA 720 (Revised) deals with the auditor's responsibilities relating to other
information in an audit of financial statements. In the context of SA 720 (Revised), other
information is financial or non-financial information (other than financial statements and
the auditor's report thereon) included in an entity's annual report. An annual report
contains or accompanies the financial statements and the auditor's report thereon.
A12. In contrast, paragraphs 14­15 deal with the auditor's responsibilities relating to
information included in a document that also contains the summary financial statements
and the auditor's report thereon. This information may include:
·   Some or all of the same matters as those dealt with in the other information

                                           56
        included in the annual report (e.g., when the summary financial statements and the
        auditor's report thereon are included in a summary annual report); or
·       Matters that are not dealt with in the other information included in the annual report.
A13. In reading the information included in a document containing the summary
financial statements and the auditor's report thereon, the auditor may become aware
that such information is misleading and may need to take appropriate action. Relevant
ethical requirements15 require the auditor to avoid being associated with information that
the auditor believes contains a materially false or misleading statement, statements or
information furnished negligently, or omits or obscures any information required to be
included where such omission or obscurity would be misleading.
Information in a Document Containing the Summary Financial Statements that
Deals with Some or All of the Same Matters as the Other Information in the
Annual Report
A14. When information is included in a document containing the summary financial
statements and the auditor's report thereon and that information deals with some or all
of the same matters as the other information included in the annual report, the work
performed on that other information in accordance with SA 720(Revised) may be
adequate for the purposes of paragraphs 14­15 of this SA.
A15. When an uncorrected material misstatement of the other information has been
identified in the auditor's report on the audited financial statements and that uncorrected
material misstatement relates to a matter that is dealt with in the information in a
document containing the summary financial statements and the auditor's report thereon,
a material inconsistency between the summary financial statements and that
information may exist or the information may be misleading.
Information in a Document Containing the Summary Financial Statements that
Deals with Matters Not Dealt with in the Other Information in the Annual Report
A16. SA 720(Revised), adapted as necessary in the circumstances, may be helpful to
the auditor in determining the appropriate action to respond to management's refusal to
make necessary revisions to the information, including considering the implications for
the auditor's report on the summary financial statements.
Auditor's Report on Summary Financial Statements
Elements of the Auditor's Report
Title (Ref: Para. 16(a))
A17.    A title indicating the report is the report of an independent auditor, for example,
"Report of the Independent Auditor", affirms that the auditor has met all of the relevant
ethical requirements regarding independence. This distinguishes the report of the
independent auditor from reports issued by others.

15
     ICAI's Code of Ethics, paragraph 110.2

                                                57
Addressee (Ref: Para. 16(b), 17)
A18. Factors that may affect the auditor's evaluation of the appropriateness of the
addressee of the summary financial statements include the terms of the engagement,
the nature of the entity, and the purpose of the summary financial statements.
Identification of the Summary Financial Statements (Ref: Para. 16(c))
A19.    When the auditor is aware that the summary financial statements will be
included in a document that contains information other than the summary financial
statements and the auditor's report thereon, the auditor may consider, if the form of
presentation allows, identifying the page numbers on which the summary financial
statements are presented. This helps readers to identify the summary financial
statements to which the auditor's report relates.
Date of the Auditor's Report (Ref: Para. 16(l), 18)
A20.     The person or persons with recognised authority to conclude that the summary
financial statements have been prepared and take responsibility for them depend on the
terms of the engagement, the nature of the entity, and the purpose of the summary
financial statements.
Reference to the Auditor's Report on the Audited Financial Statements (Ref: Para. 19)
A21. Paragraph 19(i) of this SA requires the auditor to include a statement in the
auditor's report on the summary financial statements when the auditor's report on the
audited financial statements includes communication of one or more key audit matters
described in accordance with SA 701.16 However, the auditor is not required to describe
the individual key audit matters in the auditor's report on the summary financial
statements.
A22. The statement(s) and description(s) required by paragraph 19 are intended to
draw attention to those matters and are not a substitute for reading the auditor's report
on the audited financial statements. The required descriptions are intended to convey
the nature of the matter(s), and need not repeat the corresponding text in the auditor's
report on the audited financial statements in its entirety.
Illustrations (Ref: Para.16, 19-21)
A23.  The Appendix to this SA contains illustrations of independent auditor's reports
on summary financial statements that variously:
(a) Contain unmodified opinions;
(b) Are derived from audited financial statements on which the auditor issued modified
    opinions;
(c) Contain a modified opinion;
(d) Are derived from audited financial statements where the auditor's report thereon

16
     SA 701, paragraph 13.

                                            58
       includes a statement describing an uncorrected material misstatement of the other
       information in accordance with SA 720 (Revised); and
(e) Are derived from audited financial statements where the auditor's report thereon
    includes a Material Uncertainty Related to Going Concern section and
    communication of other key audit matters.
Comparatives (Ref: Para. 23-24)
A24.     If the audited financial statements contain comparatives, there is a presumption
that the summary financial statements also would contain comparatives. Comparatives
in the audited financial statements may be regarded as corresponding figures or as
comparative financial information. SA 710 describes how this difference affects the
auditor's report on the financial statements, including, in particular, reference to other
auditors who audited the financial statements for the prior period.
A25.   Circumstances that may affect the auditor's determination whether an omission
of comparatives is reasonable include the nature and objective of the summary financial
statements, the applied criteria, and the information needs of the intended users of the
summary financial statements.
Unaudited Supplementary Information Presented with Summary Financial
Statements (Ref: Para. 25)
A26.    SA 700 (Revised)17 contains requirements and guidance to be applied when
unaudited supplementary information is presented with the audited financial statements
that, adapted as necessary in the circumstances, may be helpful in applying the
requirement in paragraph 25.
Other Considerations (Ref: Para. 26-27)
A27.     Other appropriate actions the auditor may take when management does not
take the requested action may include informing the intended users and other known
third-party users of the inappropriate reference to the auditor. The auditor's course of
action depends on the auditor's legal rights and obligations. Consequently, the auditor
may consider it appropriate to seek legal advice.

Material Modifications vis-a-vis ISA 810(Revised), "Engagements to
Report on Summary Financial Statements"
Addition
Paragraph 5 of ISA 810(Revised) requires the auditor to accept an engagement to
report on summary financial statements in accordance with this ISA only when the
auditor has been engaged to conduct an audit in accordance with ISAs of the financial
statements from which the summary financial statements are derived. In India, in some
cases, the auditor may be required by a law or a regulation governing the entity to
report on summary financial statements even for such accounting periods for which the

17
     SA 700 (Revised), "Forming an Opinion and Reporting on Financial Statements", paragraphs 51-52.

                                                        59
former was not engaged to conduct the audit in accordance with SAs of the financial
statements pertaining to such accounting periods. For example, in case of the report of
the auditor of the company to be included in a prospectus under Sub-Rule 4 of the
Companies (Prospectus and Allotment of Securities) Rules, 2014 issued under the
Companies Act, 2013, such auditor might not necessarily have been the auditor of all or
some of the financial statements of the company in respect of the accounting periods
relating to which financial information has been reported upon by him/ her in the
aforementioned report.
Accordingly, the word "ordinarily" has been added in paragraph 5 of this SA to cover
these situations and correspondingly footnote no. 3 has also been added.




                                          60
                                                                            Appendix
                                                                        (Ref: Para. A23)
Illustrations of Independent Auditor's Reports on Summary Financial
Statements
   Illustration 1: An auditor's report on summary financial statements prepared in
   accordance with established criteria. An unmodified opinion is expressed on the
   audited financial statements. The auditor's report on the summary financial
   statements is dated later than the date of the auditor's report on the financial
   statements from which the summary financial statements are derived. The auditor's
   report on the audited financial statements includes a Material Uncertainty Related to
   Going Concern section and communication of other key audit matters.
   Illustration 2: An auditor's report on summary financial statements prepared in
   accordance with criteria developed by management and adequately disclosed in the
   summary financial statements. The auditor has determined that the applied criteria
   are acceptable in the circumstances. An unmodified opinion is expressed on the
   audited financial statements. The auditor's report on the summary financial
   statements is dated the same as the date of the auditor's report on the financial
   statements from which the summary financial statements are derived. The auditor's
   report on the audited financial statements includes a statement that describes an
   uncorrected material misstatement of the other information. The other information to
   which this uncorrected material misstatement relates is also information included in
   a document containing the summary financial statements and the auditor's report
   thereon.
   Illustration 3: An auditor's report on summary financial statements prepared in
   accordance with criteria developed by management and adequately disclosed in the
   summary financial statements. The auditor has determined that the applied criteria
   are acceptable in the circumstances. A qualified opinion is expressed on the audited
   financial statements. The auditor's report on the summary financial statements is
   dated the same as the date of the auditor's report on the financial statements from
   which the summary financial statements are derived.
   Illustration 4: An auditor's report on summary financial statements prepared in
   accordance with criteria developed by management and adequately disclosed in the
   summary financial statements. The auditor has determined that the applied criteria
   are acceptable in the circumstances. An adverse opinion is expressed on the audited
   financial statements. The auditor's report on the summary financial statements is
   dated the same as the date of the auditor's report on the financial statements from
   which the summary financial statements are derived.
   Illustration 5: An auditor's report on summary financial statements prepared in
   accordance with established criteria. An unmodified opinion is expressed on the
   audited financial statements. The auditor concludes that it is not possible to express
   an unmodified opinion on the summary financial statements. The auditor's report on
   the summary financial statements is dated the same as the date of the auditor's
   report on the financial statements from which the summary financial statements are
   derived.
                                           61
Illustration 1:
Circumstances include the following:
     An unmodified opinion is expressed on the audited financial statements of a listed
     company.
     Established criteria for the preparation of summary financial statements exist.
     The auditor's report on the summary financial statements is dated later than the date
     of the auditor's report on the financial statements from which the summary financial
     statements are derived.
     The auditor's report on the audited financial statements includes a Material
     Uncertainty Related to Going Concern section.
     The auditor's report on the audited financial statements includes communication of
     other key audit matters.18
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT AUDITOR ON THE SUMMARY FINANCIAL
STATEMENTS
[Appropriate Addressee]
Opinion
The summary financial statements, which comprise the summary balance sheet as at
March 31, 20X1, the summary statement of profit & loss, and summary cash flow
statement for the year then ended, and related notes, are derived from the audited
financial statements of ABC Company Ltd. for the year ended March 31, 20X1.
In our opinion, the accompanying summary financial statements are a fair summary of
the audited financial statements, in accordance with the Accounting Standards referred
to in section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 and the accounting principles generally
accepted in India19.
Summary Financial Statements
The summary financial statements do not contain all the disclosures required by the
Accounting Standards referred to in section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 [applied
in the preparation of the audited financial statements of ABC Company Ltd.]. Reading
the summary financial statements and the auditor's report thereon, therefore, is not a
substitute for reading the audited financial statements and the auditor's report thereon.
The summary financial statements and the audited financial statements do not reflect
the effects of events that occurred subsequent to the date of our report on the audited
financial statements.
The Audited Financial Statements and Our Report Thereon
We expressed an unmodified audit opinion on the audited financial statements in our
report dated 15 May 20X1. That report also includes:

18
   As explained in paragraph 15 of SA 701, a material uncertainty related to going concern is, by its nature, a key
audit matter but is required to be reported in a separate section of the auditor's report in accordance with paragraph
22 of SA 570 (Revised).
19
      Or such other criteria, as may be agreed upon in the terms of the engagement.

                                                         62
· A Material Uncertainty Related to Going Concern section that draws attention to Note
  6 in the audited financial statements. Note 6 of the audited financial statements
  indicates that ABC Company Ltd. incurred a net loss of Rs. ZZZ during the year
  ended March 31, 20X1 and, as of that date, ABC Company Ltd. current liabilities
  exceeded its total assets by Rs. YYY. These events or conditions, along with other
  matters as set forth in Note 6 of the audited financial statements, indicate that a
  material uncertainty exists that may cast significant doubt on ABC Company Ltd.
  ability to continue as a going concern. These matters are addressed in Note 5 of the
  summary financial statements.
· The communication of other20 key audit matters. [Key audit matters are those matters
  that, in our professional judgment, were of most significance in our audit of the
  financial statements of the current period.]21
Management's Responsibility for the Summary Financial Statements
The Board of Directors of the Company is responsible for the preparation of the
summary financial statements in accordance with the Accounting Standards referred to
in Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 and the accounting principles generally
accepted in India22].
Auditor's Responsibility
Our responsibility is to express an opinion on whether the summary financial statements
are a fair summary of the audited financial statements based on our procedures, which
were conducted in accordance with the Standard on Auditing (SA) 810(Revised),
Engagements to Report on Summary Financial Statements.
                                                                                           For XYZ and Co.
                                                                                     Chartered Accountants
                                                                                 Firm's Registration Number
                                                                                        Signature
                                                     (Name of the Member Signing the Audit Report)
                                                                                   (Designation23)
                                                                             Membership Number

Place of Signature
Date




20
   In the circumstances where there is no material uncertainty related to going concern, inclusion of the word "other"
in the statement for the communication of key audit matters would not be necessary.
21
   The auditor may include additional explanation about key audit matters considered helpful to users of the auditor's
report on the summary financial statements.
22
   Or such other criteria, as may be agreed upon in the terms of the engagement.
23
    Partner or Proprietor, as the case may be.

                                                         63
Illustration 2:
Circumstances include the following:
   An unmodified opinion is expressed on the audited financial statements of a non-
   corporate entity.
   Criteria are developed by management and adequately disclosed in Note X. The
   auditor has determined that the criteria are acceptable in the circumstances.
   The auditor's report on the summary financial statements is dated the same as the
   date of the auditor's report on the financial statements from which the summary
   financial statements are derived.
   The auditor's report on the audited financial statements includes a statement that
   describes an uncorrected material misstatement of the other information. The other
   information to which this uncorrected material misstatement relates is also
   information included in a document containing the summary financial statements and
   the auditor's report thereon.
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT AUDITOR ON THE SUMMARY FINANCIAL
STATEMENTS
[Appropriate Addressee]
Opinion
The summary financial statements, which comprise the summary balance sheet as at
March 31, 20X1, the summary statement of profit & loss, and summary cash flow
statement for the year then ended, and related notes, are derived from the audited
financial statements of ABC & Associates for the year ended March 31, 20X1.
In our opinion, the accompanying summary financial statements are consistent, in all
material respects, with (or are a fair summary of) the audited financial statements, on
the basis described in Note X.
Summary Financial Statements
The summary financial statements do not contain all the disclosures required by
[describe financial reporting framework applied in the preparation of the audited
financial statements of ABC & Associates]. Reading the summary financial statements
and the auditor's report thereon, therefore, is not a substitute for reading the audited
financial statements and the auditor's report thereon.
The Audited Financial Statements and Our Report Thereon
We expressed an unmodified audit opinion on the audited financial statements in our
report dated May 15, 20X2. [The audited financial statements are included in the 20X1
Annual Report. The auditor's report on the audited financial statements includes a
statement that describes an uncorrected material misstatement of other information
within Management's Discussion and Analysis of the 20X1 Annual Report.
Management's Discussion and Analysis, and the uncorrected material misstatement of
the other information therein, are also contained in the 20X1 Summary Annual Report.]

                                          64
[Describe the uncorrected material misstatement of the other information].
Management's Responsibility for the Summary Financial Statements
The management is responsible for the preparation of the summary financial statements
on the basis described in Note X.
Auditor's Responsibility
Our responsibility is to express an opinion on whether the summary financial statements
are consistent, in all material respects, with (or are a fair summary of) the audited
financial statements based on our procedures, which were conducted in accordance
with the Standard on Auditing (SA) 810(Revised), Engagements to Report on Summary
Financial Statements.


                                                                               For XYZ and Co.
                                                                         Chartered Accountants
                                                                     Firm's Registration Number


                                                                                     Signature
                                                  (Name of the Member Signing the Audit Report)
                                                                                (Designation24)
                                                                          Membership Number
Place of Signature
Date




24
     Partner or Proprietor, as the case may be.

                                                    65
lllustration 3:
Circumstances include the following:
     A qualified opinion is expressed on the audited financial statements of a non-
     corporate entity.
     Criteria are developed by management and adequately disclosed in Note X. The
     auditor has determined that the criteria are acceptable in the circumstances.
     The auditor's report on the summary financial statements is dated the same as the
     date of the auditor's report on the financial statements from which the summary
     financial statements are derived.
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT AUDITOR ON THE SUMMARY FINANCIAL
STATEMENTS
[Appropriate Addressee]
Opinion
The summary financial statements, which comprise the summary balance sheet as at
March 31, 20X1, the summary statement of profit & loss, and summary cash flow
statement for the year then ended, and related notes, are derived from the audited
financial statements of ABC & Associates for the year ended March 31, 20X1. We
expressed a qualified audit opinion on those financial statements in our report dated
May 15, 20X125.
In our opinion, the accompanying summary financial statements are consistent, in all
material respects, with (or are a fair summary) of the audited financial statements, on
the basis described in Note X. However, the summary financial statements are
misstated to the equivalent extent as the audited financial statements of ABC &
Associates for the year ended March 31, 20X1.
Summary Financial Statements
The summary financial statements do not contain all the disclosures required by
[describe financial reporting framework applied in the preparation of the audited
financial statements of ABC & Associates]. Reading the summary financial statements
and the auditor's report thereon, therefore, is not a substitute for reading the audited
financial statements and the auditor's report thereon.
The Audited Financial Statements and Our Report Thereon
We expressed a qualified audit opinion on the audited financial statements in our report
dated May 15, 20X1. The basis for our qualified audit opinion was that the management
has not stated the inventories at the lower of cost and net realisable value but has
stated them solely at cost, which constitutes a departure from the Accounting Standard
(AS) 2, "Valuation of Inventories". The company's records indicate that had

25
  The positioning of this reference to the qualified opinion in the auditor's report on the audited financial statements in
the Opinion paragraph on the summary financial statements assists users in understanding that although the auditor
has expressed an unmodified opinion on the summary financial statements, the summary financial statements reflect
audited financial statements that are materially misstated.

                                                           66
management stated the inventories at the lower of cost and net realisable value, an
amount of Rs. XXX would have been required to write the inventories down to their net
realizable value. Accordingly, cost of sales would have been increased by Rs. XXX, and
income tax, net income and shareholders' equity would have been reduced by Rs. XXX,
Rs. XXX and Rs. XXX respectively.
Management's Responsibility for the Summary Financial Statements
The management is responsible for the preparation of the summary financial statements
on the basis described in Note X.
Auditor's Responsibility
Our responsibility is to express an opinion on whether the summary financial statements
are consistent, in all material respects, with (or are a fair summary of) the audited
financial statements based on our procedures, which were conducted in accordance
with Standard on Auditing (SA) 810(Revised), Engagements to Report on Summary
Financial Statements.
                                                                               For XYZ and Co.
                                                                         Chartered Accountants
                                                                     Firm's Registration Number


                                                                                     Signature
                                                  (Name of the Member Signing the Audit Report)
                                                                                (Designation26)
                                                                          Membership Number

Place of Signature
Date




26
     Partner or Proprietor, as the case may be.

                                                    67
Illustration 4:
Circumstances include the following:
   An adverse opinion is expressed on the audited financial statements of a non-
   corporate entity.
   Criteria are developed by management and adequately disclosed in Note X. The
   auditor has determined that the criteria are acceptable in the circumstances.
   The auditor's report on the summary financial statements is dated the same as the
   date of the auditor's report on the financial statements from which the summary
   financial statements are derived.

REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT AUDITOR ON THE SUMMARY FINANCIAL
STATEMENTS

[Appropriate Addressee]

Denial of Opinion

The summary financial statements, which comprise the summary balance sheet as at
March 31, 20X1, the summary statement of profit & loss, and summary cash flow
statement for the year then ended, and related notes, are derived from the audited
financial statements of ABC & Associates for the year ended March 31, 20X1.

As a result of the adverse opinion on the audited financial statements discussed in the
"Audited Financial Statements and our Report Thereon" section of our report, it is
inappropriate to express an opinion on the summary financial statements.

Summary Financial Statements

The summary financial statements do not contain all the disclosures required by
[describe financial reporting framework applied in the preparation of the audited
financial statements of ABC & Associates]. Reading the summary financial statements
and the auditor's report thereon, therefore, is not a substitute for reading the audited
financial statements and the auditor's report thereon.

The Audited Financial Statements and Our Report Thereon

In our report dated May 15, 20X1, we expressed an adverse audit opinion on the
audited financial statements of ABC & Associates for the year ended March 31, 20X1.
The basis for our adverse audit opinion was [describe basis for adverse audit opinion].

Management's Responsibility for the Summary Financial Statements

The management is responsible for the preparation of the summary financial statements
on the basis described in Note X.


                                          68
Auditor's Responsibility

Our responsibility is to express an opinion on whether the summary financial statements
are consistent, in all material respects, with (or are a fair summary of) the audited
financial statements based on our procedures, which were conducted in accordance
with Standard on Auditing (SA) 810(Revised), Engagements to Report on Summary
Financial Statements.
                                                                               For XYZ and Co.
                                                                         Chartered Accountants
                                                                     Firm's Registration Number


                                                                                     Signature
                                                  (Name of the Member Signing the Audit Report)
                                                                                (Designation27)
                                                                          Membership Number

Place of Signature
Date




27
     Partner or Proprietor, as the case may be.

                                                    69
Illustration 5:
Circumstances include the following:
   An unmodified opinion is expressed on the audited financial statements of an
   unlisted company.
   Established criteria for the preparation of summary financial statements exist.
   The auditor concludes that it is not possible to express an unmodified opinion on the
   summary financial statements.
   The auditor's report on the summary financial statements is dated the same as the
   date of the auditor's report on the financial statements from which the summary
   financial statements are derived.
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT AUDITOR ON THE SUMMARY FINANCIAL
STATEMENTS
[Appropriate Addressee]
Adverse Opinion
The summary financial statements, which comprise the summary balance sheet as at
March 31, 20X1, the summary statement of profit & loss, and summary cash flow
statement for the year then ended, and related notes, are derived from the audited
financial statements of ABC Company Ltd. for the year ended March 31, 20X1.
In our opinion, because of the significance of the matter described in the Basis for
Adverse Opinion section, the accompanying summary financial statements are not a fair
summary of the audited financial statements of ABC Company Ltd. for the year ended
March 31, 20X1, in accordance with the Accounting Standards referred to in section
133 of the Companies Act, 2013 and the accounting principles generally accepted in
India.
Basis for Adverse Opinion
[Describe matter that caused the summary financial statements not to be a fair
summary of the audited financial statements, in accordance with the applied criteria.]
Summary Financial Statements
The summary financial statements do not contain all the disclosures required by the
Accounting Standards referred to in section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 [applied in
the preparation of the audited financial statements of ABC Company Ltd]. Reading the
summary financial statements and the auditor's report thereon, therefore, is not a
substitute for reading the audited financial statements and the auditor's report thereon.
Management's Responsibility for the Summary Audited Financial Statements
The Board of Directors of the Company is responsible for the preparation of the
summary financial statements in accordance with the Accounting Standards referred to
in section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 and the accounting principles generally
accepted in India.


                                           70
Auditor's Responsibility
Our responsibility is to express an opinion on whether the summary financial statements
are a fair summary of the audited financial statements based on our procedures, which
were conducted in accordance with Standard on Auditing (SA) 810(Revised),
"Engagements to Report on Summary Financial Statements" issued by the Institute of
Chartered Accountants of India.
                                                                               For XYZ and Co.
                                                                         Chartered Accountants
                                                                     Firm's Registration Number


                                                                                     Signature
                                                  (Name of the Member Signing the Audit Report)
                                                                                (Designation28)
                                                                          Membership Number

Place of Signature
Date




28
     Partner or Proprietor, as the case may be.

                                                    71

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