No s. 271(1)(c) penalty even for unsustainable/ non-debatable claims if there is disclosure in the return
Though the income from the transfer of units of a mutual fund is exempt u/s 10(33), the assessee claimed a deduction for the loss of Rs. 3.08 crores suffered by him on transfer of US 64 units. The AO disallowed the loss on the ground that the exemption in s. 10(33) applied to a loss as well and imposed penalty u/s 271(1)(c). The CIT(A) confirmed the penalty. On appeal by the assessee, the Tribunal allowed the appeal on the ground that as the assessee had disclosed the details with the return, he had not filed inaccurate particulars of his income and that the making of a wrong claim / incorrect claim did not attract penalty u/s 271(1)(c). On appeal by the department to the High Court, HELD dismissing the appeal:
As the assessee had disclosed all details in the return of income, at the highest it can be said that the claim of the assessee was not sustainable in law. But as there was no furnishing of inaccurate particulars or concealment of income on the part of the assessee. penalty u/s 271(1)(c) could not be levied (Reliance Petroproducts 322 ITR 158 (SC) referred).