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DIFFERENCES BETWEEN IFRSs AND Ind AS
July, 14th 2011

This note is issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) to bring out the
differences between the IFRSs1 as applicable on 1st April, 2011 and the corresponding
Indian Accounting Standards (Ind ASs) placed by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA),
Government of India, on its website after recommendation of the same by the National
Advisory Committee on Accounting Standards (NACAS) and the ICAI.
The Ind ASs placed on the MCA website when notified under Section 211 (3) (c) of the
Companies Act, 1956 by the MCA will be applicable to the companies from the date
specified in the said notification. Section I of the note contains IFRSs deferred by the MCA.
Section II contains carve outs from IFRSs in the relevant Ind ASs. Section III contains Other
major changes in Indian Accounting Standards vis--vis IFRSs not resulting in carve outs.
Section IV contains a comparative chart of IFRSs and corresponding Ind ASs indicating,
inter alia, IFRSs in respect of which no corresponding Ind AS has been formulated and
reasons therefor.
I. IFRSs deferred by MCA
1. Ind AS 11, Construction Contracts
IFRIC 12 and SIC 29, Service Concession Arrangements and Service Concession
Arrangements: Disclosures, respectively, which are included as Appendices A and B
to Ind AS 11, Construction Contracts, respectively, would not be notified along with the
other standards and their application has been deferred.
Reasons
MCA received feedback regarding the adverse consequences which may ensue to the
Indian companies in the event of immediate adoption of the IFRIC 12. Hence, MCA
decided that Appendix A to Ind AS 11, corresponding to IFRIC 12, Service Concession
Arrangements should be deferred and the same may be examined and applied with or
without modification later.
Appendix B to Ind AS 11, corresponding to SIC 29, Service Concession
Arrangements: Disclosures, is related to IFRIC 12. Therefore, it has also been
deferred.
2. Ind AS 17, Leases
1 The term IFRS includes not only the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs) issued by
the IASB, it also includes the International Accounting Standards (IASs), IFRICs and SICs.
IFRIC 4 Determining Whether an Arrangement contains a Lease, which is included
as Appendix C to Ind AS 17, Leases would not be notified alongwith the other
standards and its application has been deferred.
Reasons
MCA received feedback regarding the adverse consequences which may ensue to the
Indian companies in the event of immediate adoption of the Appendix C to Ind AS 17,
corresponding to IFRIC 4. Hence, MCA decided that the Appendix should be deferred
and the same may be examined and applied with or without modification later.
3. Ind AS 106, Exploration for and Evaluation of Mineral Resources
Ind AS 106 corresponding to IFRS 6, Exploration for and Evaluation of Mineral
Resources, would not be notified immediately as it is under consideration of the
Government.
Reasons
MCA is of view that the standard is open-ended offering freedom to companies to follow
virtually any policy they like. The standard does not prescribe any standardization. In
such circumstances, the standard does not serve any useful purpose and may create a
wrong impression in the mind of the stakeholders that the entity concerned has
complied with a strict standard when in fact, the company is free to apply any
accounting treatment it wants. This may even be counter productive from a regulatory
point of view by giving a false sense of correctness. Hence, this Ind AS may not be
notified immediately.
II Carve Outs
A. Carve-outs which are due to differences in application of
accounting principles and practices and economic conditions
prevailing in India.
1. Ind AS 21, The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates
As per IFRS
IAS 21 requires recognition of exchange differences arising on translation of monetary
items from foreign currency to functional currency directly in profit or loss.
Carve out
Ind AS 21 permits an option to recognise exchange differences arising on translation
of certain long-term monetary items from foreign currency to functional currency
directly in equity. In this situation, Ind AS 21 requires the accumulated exchange
differences to be amortised to profit or loss in an appropriate manner. IAS 21 does
not permit such a treatment.
Reasons
(i) There is significant fluctuation in the value of US dollar vis--vis rupee. India
plans for a large expenditure on infrastructure. This may need a very large
inflow in the foreign borrowings. These borrowings are denominated in foreign
currencies unlike developed countries where borrowings are denominated in
local currencies.
(ii) Unlike currencies of many advanced countries, rupee is not fully convertible.
(iii) Hedging is not possible for the full period for which the loan is taken. Hedging is
available for shorter periods but not for longer periods, and the duration of the
borrowings is very long.
(iv) Indian companies are not permitted to prepay the foreign currency loans.
(v) Other countries such as South Korea have also been raising these issues.
(vi) It is not appropriate to recognise the exchange differences immediately which
arise as a result of items which are to be paid/realized in foreign currency, after a
long term nature.
2. Ind AS 28, Investment in Associates
As per IFRS
IAS 28 requires that difference between the reporting period of an associate and that of
the investor should not be more than three months, in any case.
Carve out
The phrase unless it is impracticable has been added in the relevant requirement i.e.,
paragraph 25 of Ind AS 28.
Reasons
Since the investor does not have control over the associate, it may not be able to
influence the associate to change its accounting period if it does not fall within 3
months.
Apart from this, another reason can be a situation, e.g., where an entity is an associate
of two investors and difference between the reporting dates of the associate and the
investors is more than three months and the reporting dates of the two investors are
also different. In that case a problem will arise that in respect of which investor the
associate will have to change its reporting period.
3. Ind AS 28, Investment in Associates
As per IFRS
IAS 28 requires that for the purpose of applying equity method of accounting in the
preparation of investors financial statements, uniform accounting policies should be
used. In other words, if the associates accounting policies are different from those of
the investor, the investor should change the financial statements of the associate by
using same accounting policies.
Carve out
The phrase, unless impracticable to do so has been added in the relevant
requirements i.e., paragraph 26 of Ind AS 28.
Reasons
Since the investor has significant influence and not control over the associate, it may
not be able to influence the associate to change its accounting policies.
4. Ind AS 32, Financial Instruments: Presentation
Carve out
An exception has been included to the definition of financial liability in
paragraph 11 (b) (ii), Ind AS 32 to consider the equity conversion option embedded in a
convertible bond denominated in foreign currency to acquire a fixed number of entitys
own equity instruments as an equity instrument if the exercise price is fixed in any
currency. This exception is not provided in IAS 32.
Reasons
This position is not appropriate in instruments such as FCCBs since the number of
shares convertible on the exercise of the option remains fixed and the amount at which
the option is to be exercised in terms of foreign currency is also fixed; merely the
difference in the currency should not affect the nature of derivative, i.e., the option.
5. Ind AS 39, Financial Instruments: Recognition and
Measurement
As per IFRS
IAS 39 requires all changes in fair values in case of financial liabilities designated at
fair value through Profit and Loss at initial recognition shall be recognised in profit or
loss. IFRS 9 which will replace IAS 39 requires these to be recognised in other
comprehensive income
Carve out
A proviso has been added to paragraph 48 of Ind AS 39 that in determining the fair
value of the financial liabilities which upon initial recognition are designated at fair
value through profit or loss, any change in fair value consequent to changes in the
entitys own credit risk shall be ignored.
Reasons
It is felt that recognition of gain in profit or loss or in other comprehensive income on
deterioration of own credit risk is not proper because such deterioration ordinarily
occurs when an entity is incurring losses. Thus, if an entity is allowed to recognise
gain on deterioration of its own credit risk, it will book gains when its performance is
not upto the mark. In the recent financial crisis in USA, it was noted that some banks
booked gains while they were incurring losses due to the crisis.
6. Ind AS 103, Business Combinations
As per IFRS
IFRS 3 requires bargain purchase gain arising on business combination to be
recognised in profit or loss.
Carve out
Ind AS 103 requires the same to be recognised in other comprehensive income and
accumulated in equity as capital reserve, unless there is no clear evidence for the
underlying reason for classification of the business combination as a bargain
purchase, in which case, it shall be recognised directly in equity as capital reserve.
Reasons
It is felt that recognition of such gains in profit or loss would result into recognition of
unrealised gains as the value of net assets is determined on the basis of fair value
of net assets acquired
7. Ind AS 101, First-time Adoption of Indian Accounting
Standards
(i) Presentation of comparatives in the First-time Adoption of Indian
Accounting Standards (Ind AS) 101 (corresponding to IFRS 1)
As per IFRS
IFRS 1 defines transitional date as beginning of the earliest period for which an entity
presents full comparative information under IFRS. It is this date which is the starting
point for IFRS and it is on this date the cumulative impact of transition is recorded
based on assessment of conditions at that date by applying the standards
retrospectively except to the extent specifically provided in this standard as optional
exemptions and mandatory exceptions. Accordingly, the comparatives, i.e., the
previous year figures are also presented in the first financial statements prepared under
IFRS on the basis of IFRS.
Carve out
Ind AS 101, requires an entity to provide comparatives as per the existing notified
Accounting Standards. It is provided that, in addition to aforesaid comparatives, an
entity may also provide comparatives as per Ind AS on a memorandum basis.
Reason
This would facilitate smooth convergence with IFRS as comparatives are not required
to be in accordance with the Ind ASs. It is also felt that since Ind AS 101 would not be
considered to be in existence for the comparative period, requiring comparatives to be
prepared on the basis of Ind AS may not be legally defensible.
(ii) Presentation of reconciliation
As per IFRS
IFRS 1 requires reconciliations for opening equity, total comprehensive income, cash
flow statement and closing equity for the comparative period to explain the transition
to IFRS from previous GAAP.
Carve out
Ind AS 101 provides an option to provide a comparative period financial
statements on memorandum basis. Where the entities do not exercise this option
and, therefore, do not provide comparatives, they need not provide reconciliation for
total comprehensive income, cash flow statement and closing equity in the first year
of transition but are expected to disclose significant differences pertaining to total
comprehensive income. Entities that provide comparatives would have to provide
reconciliations which are similar to IFRS.
Reason
This would facilitate smooth convergence with IFRS.
(III) Cost of Non-current Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations
on the date of transition on First-time Adoption of Indian Accounting
Standards (Ind AS)
Carve out
Ind AS 101 provides transitional relief that while applying Ind AS 105 - Non-current
Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations, an entity may use the transitional
date circumstances to measure such assets or operations at the lower of carrying
value and fair value less cost to sell.
Reason
This would facilitate smooth convergence with IFRS
(iv) Foreign currency gains/losses on translation of long term monetary items
Carve out
Ind AS 101 provides that on the date of transition, if there are long-term monetary assets
or long-term monetary liabilities mentioned in paragraph 29A of Ind AS 21, an entity may
exercise the option mentioned in that paragraph regarding spreading over the unrealised
Gains/Losses over the life of Assets/Liabilities either retrospectively or prospectively. If
this option is exercised prospectively, the accumulated exchange differences in respect
of those items are deemed to be zero on the date of transition.
Reason
Exemption given as a consequence of optional treatment prescribed in Ind AS 21, The
Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates, in context of exchange differences
arising on account of certain long-term monetary assets or long-term monetary liabilities.
(v) Financial instruments existing on transition date
Carve out
Ind AS 101 provides that the financial instruments carried at amortised cost should be
measured in accordance with Ind AS 39 from the date of recognition of financial
instruments unless it is impracticable (as defined in Ind AS 8) for an entity to apply
retrospectively the effective interest method or the impairment requirements of Ind AS
39. If it is impracticable to do so then the fair value of the financial asset at the date of
transition to Ind-ASs shall be the new amortised cost of that financial asset at the date of
transition to Ind ASs.
Ind AS 101 provides another exemption that financial instruments measured at fair value
shall be measured at fair value as on the date of transition to Ind AS.
Reason


This exemption would facilitate smooth convergence with IFRS.
(vi) Definition of previous GAAP under Ind AS 101 First-time Adoption of
Indian Accounting Standards
As per IFRS
IFRS 1 defines previous GAAP as the basis of accounting that a first-time adopter
used immediately before adopting IFRS.
Carve out
Ind AS 101 defines previous GAAP as the basis of accounting that a first-time
adopter used immediately before adopting Ind ASs for its reporting requirements in
India. For instance, for companies preparing their financial statements in
accordance with the existing Accounting Standards notified under the Companies
(Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 shall consider those financial statements as
previous GAAP financial statements.
Reason
The change makes it mandatory for Indian companies to consider the financial
statements prepared in accordance with existing notified Indian accounting
standards as was applicable to them as under Companies (Accounting Standards)
Rule, 2006 as previous GAAP when it transitions to Ind AS as the law prevailing in
India does not recognise the financial statements prepared in accordance with
Accounting Standards other than those prescribed under the Companies Act.
(vii) Cost of Property, Plant and Equipment (PPE), Intangible Assets,
Investment Property, on the date of transition of First-time Adoption of
Indian Accounting Standards.
Ind AS 101 provides an entity an option to use carrying values of all assets as on the
date of transition in accordance with previous GAAP as an acceptable starting point
under Ind AS
Reasons
The existing Indian notified Accounting Standards are not significantly different from
IFRS as all the standards have been based on IFRS. It will minimise the cost of
convergence.
B.Carve-outs for specific industries
1. Ind AS 18, Revenue
As per IFRS
On the basis of principles of the IAS 18, IFRIC 15 on Agreement for Construction of
Real Estate, prescribes that construction of real estate should be treated as sale of
goods and revenue should be recognised when the entity has transferred significant
risks and rewards of ownership and has retained neither continuing managerial
involvement nor effective control.
Carve out
IFRIC 15 has not been included in Ind AS 18, Revenue. Such agreements have been
scoped out from Ind AS 18 and have been included in Ind AS 11, Construction
Contracts.
Reasons
(i) IFRIC 15, would have required the real estate developers to recognize the
revenue in their financial statements based on the completion method i.e., only
in the last year of the completion of the project. In that case, the profit and loss
account of the developers will not truly reflect the performance of the business,
as during the years the real estate project continues, no revenue will be
recognised. In other words, profit and loss account will not reflect proper
measure of performance of business.
(ii) Some countries such as Malaysia have also decided not to apply IFRIC
15 for the time being. Similarly, while Singapore has decided to issue IFRIC 15,
it has provided specific guidance in the context of legal situations prevailing in
that country.
2. Ind AS 18, Revenue
Carve out
A footnote has been added in paragraph 1 to Ind AS 18, Revenue, that for rate
regulated entities, this standard shall stand modified, where and to the extent the
recognition and measurement of revenue of such entities is affected by recognition and
measurement of regulatory assets/liabilities as per the Guidance Note on the subject
being issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.
Reason
Rate regulated entities such as electricity companies are subject to tariff fixation by the
relevant authorities. Tariff is fixed on the basis of certain costs which are different from
the expenses recognised in financial statements. Such differences may result into
certain regulatory assets and regulatory liabilities which are presently not recognised as
per the IFRS. Such entities feel that such assets and liabilities exist and, therefore,
should be recognised in financial statements. IASB had earlier taken up a project on this
subject which has been dropped from its Agenda. ICAI is developing a Guidance Note
on the subject.
3. Indian Accounting Standard on Agriculture (Corresponding
to IAS 41)
As per IFRS
IAS 41, Agriculture, requires measurement of biological assets, viz., living animals and
plants at fair value and recognizing gains and losses arising on such measurement
in profit or loss, unless ascertainment of fair value is unreliable.
Carve out
It has been decided to revise the Standard and not to issue the standard as it is.
Reasons
(i) There is difficulty in identifying the attributes of biological assets, the cost of fair
valuation, and high volatility of significant qualitative factors (not within the
control of the entity) leads to greater subjectivity in estimating fair value.
(ii) The quoted market price for bearer biological assets (e.g. long-term assets
that produce each year such as tea, coffee, rubber and palm oil trees) is not
easily available, since these are not traded in the open market.
(iii) Present value (PV) method is to be adopted for estimating fair value of
biological assets such as forests. Making appropriate estimates of future price
and costs levels are key factors for a reliable fair value measurement of
standing forests. Due to the long-term nature of the period of cash flows, small
fluctuations in the assumptions may have a significant effect on the calculated
fair value.
(iv) Fair value of biological assets may not be relevant because most plantations
are rarely sold. Fair valuation may give the impression that the value of the
company increases when in reality nothing has changed.
(v) Considering the high volatility of prices for the end products, the fair value
adopted as cost as per IAS 41, may result in very significant impact on the
profitability of the companies.
III Other major changes in Indian Accounting Standards vis-a-vis
IFRSs not resulting in carve-outs
Ind AS 1, Presentation of Financial Statements
1 With regard to preparation of Statement of profit and loss, IAS 1, Presentation of
Financial Statements, provides an option either to follow the single statement
approach or to follow the two statement approach. While in the single statement
approach, all items of income and expense are recognised in the statement of profit
and loss, in the two statements approach, two statements are prepared, one
displaying components of profit or loss (separate income statement) and the other
beginning with profit or loss and displaying components of other comprehensive
income. Ind AS 1 allows only the single statement approach.
2 IAS 1 requires preparation of a Statement of Changes in Equity as a separate
statement. Ind AS 1 requires the Statement of Changes in Equity to be shown as a
part of the balance sheet.
3 IAS 1 gives the option to individual entities to follow different terminology for the titles
of financial statements. Ind AS 1 is changed to remove alternatives by giving one
terminology to be used by all entities.
4 IAS 1 permits the periodicity, for example, of 52 weeks for preparation of financial
statements. Ind AS 1 does not permit it.
5 IAS 1 requires an entity to present an analysis of expenses recognised in profit or loss
using a classification based on either their nature or their function within the equity. Ind
AS 1 requires only nature-wise classification of expenses.
6 IAS 1 contains Implementation Guidance. Ind AS 1 does not include the same
because various enactments have prescribed formats, e.g., Schedule VI to the
Companies Act, 1956.
Ind AS 7, Statement of Cash Flows
1. In case of other than financial entities, IAS 7 gives an option to classify the interest
paid and interest and dividends received as item of operating cash flows. Ind AS 7
does not provide such an option and requires these items to be classified as items of
financing activity and investing activity, respectively.
2. IAS 7 gives an option to classify the dividend paid as an item of operating activity.
However, Ind AS 7 requires it to be classified as a part of financing activity only.
Ind AS 8, Accounting Policies, Changes in Accounting Estimates and Errors
Ind AS 8 has been amended to provide that in absence of specific Ind AS on the
subject, management may also first consider the most recent pronouncements of
International Accounting Standards Board and in absence thereof those of the other
standard-setting bodies that use a similar conceptual framework to develop accounting
standards, other accounting literature and accepted industry practices.
Ind AS 16, Property, Plant and Equipment
Language of paragraph 8 has been changed to clarify more precisely that servicing
equipment also qualifies as property, plant and equipment when an entity expects to
use them during more than one period.
Ind AS 19, Employee Benefits
1. According to Ind AS 19 the rate to be used to discount post-employment benefit
obligation shall be determined by reference to the market yields on government
bonds, whereas under IAS 19, the government bonds can be used only where there
is no deep market of high quality corporate bonds.
2. To illustrate treatment of gratuity subject to ceiling under Indian Gratuity Rules, an
example has been added in Ind AS 19.
3. IAS 19 permits various options for treatment of actuarial gains and losses for postemployment
defined benefit plans whereas Ind AS 19 requires recognition of the
same in other comprehensive income, both for post-employment defined benefit
plans and other long-term employment benefit plans. The actuarial gains recognised
in other comprehensive income should be recognised immediately in retained
earnings and should not be reclassified to profit or loss in a subsequent period.
Ind AS 20, Accounting for Government Grants and Disclosure of Government
Assistance
1. IAS 20 gives an option to measure non-monetary government grants either at
their fair value or at nominal value. Ind AS 20 requires measurement of such
grants only at their fair value. Thus, the option to measure these grants at
nominal value is not available under Ind AS 20.
2. IAS 20 gives an option to present the grants related to assets, including non-monetary
grants at fair value in the balance sheet either by setting up the grant as deferred
income or by deducting the grant in arriving at the carrying amount of the asset. Ind
AS 20 requires presentation of such grants in balance sheet only by setting up the
grant as deferred income. Thus, the option to present such grants by deduction of the
grant in arriving at the carrying amount of the asset is not available under Ind AS 20.
Ind AS 21, The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates
1 When there is a change in functional currency of either the reporting currency or a
significant foreign operation, IAS 21 requires disclosure of that fact and the reason for
the change in functional currency. Ind AS 21 requires an additional disclosure of the
date of change in functional currency.
2 The following examples have been included in Ind AS 21, The Effects of Changes in
Foreign Exchange Rates, as Appendix B:
1) An example to clarify the provisions of paragraph 14.
2) An example to clarify impairment loss in Paragraph 25.
3) An example to clarify paragraphs 33 and 37.
4) The date of change of functional currency should also be disclosed in
paragraph 57.
Ind AS 23, Borrowing Costs
IAS 23 provides no guidance as to how the adjustment prescribed in paragraph 6(e) is
to be determined. Ind AS 23 provides guidance in this regard.
Ind AS 24, Related Party Disclosures
1. In Ind AS 24, disclosures which conflict with confidentiality requirements of
statute/regulations are not required to be made since Accounting Standards cannot
override legal/regulatory requirements.
2. Paragraph 24A (reproduced below) has been included in the Ind AS 24. It provides
additional clarificatory guidance regarding aggregation of transactions for disclosure.
24A Disclosure of details of particular transactions with individual related parties
would frequently be too voluminous to be easily understood. Accordingly, items of a
similar nature may be disclosed in aggregate by type of related party. However, this
is not done in such a way as to obscure the importance of significant transactions.
Hence, purchases or sales of goods are not aggregated with purchases or sales of
fixed assets. Nor a material related party transaction with an individual party is
clubbed in an aggregated disclosure.
3 In the definition of the close members of the family of a person, relatives as
specified under the meaning of relative under the Companies Act, 1956, has been
included.
Ind AS 27, Consolidated and Separate Financial Statements
1 Paragraphs 8, 10 and 42 have been deleted and paragraphs 9, 11, 39 and 43 have
been modified as the applicability or exemptions to the Indian Accounting Standards
is governed by the Companies Act and the Rules made thereunder.
2 A sentence has been added in paragraph 9 of Ind AS 27, Consolidated and
Separate Financial Statements requiring that for companies the form of consolidated
financial statements as given in Appendix C to this standard shall be applied to the
extent circumstances admit.
Ind AS 29, Financial Reporting in Hyperinflationary Economies
Ind AS 29 requires an additional disclosure regarding the duration of the
hyperinflationary situation existing in the economy.
Ind AS 33, Earnings per Share
1 IAS 33 provides that when an entity presents both consolidated financial
statements and separate financial statements, it may give EPS related information in
consolidated financial statements only, whereas, the Ind AS 33 requires EPS related
information to be disclosed both in consolidated financial statements and separate
financial statements.
2 Paragraph 2 of IAS 33 requires that the entire standard applies to :
(a) the separate or individual financial statements of an entity:
(i) whose ordinary shares or potential ordinary shares are traded in a public
market (a domestic or foreign stock exchange or an over-the-counter
market, including local and regional markets) or
(ii) that files, or is in the process of filing, its financial statements with a
Securities Regulator or other regulatory organisation for the purpose of
issuing ordinary shares in a public market; and
(b) the consolidated financial statements of a group with a parent:
(i) whose ordinary shares or potential ordinary shares are traded in a public
market (a domestic or foreign stock exchange or an over-the-counter
market, including local and regional markets) or
(ii) that files, or is in the process of filing, its financial statements with a
Securities Regulator or other regulatory organisation for the purpose of
issuing ordinary shares in a public market.
It also requires that an entity that discloses earnings per share shall calculate and
disclose earnings per share in accordance with this Standard.
The above have been deleted in the Ind AS as the applicability or exemptions to the
Indian Accounting Standards is governed by the Companies Act and the Rules made
there under.
3 Paragraph 4 has been modified in Ind AS 33 to clarify that an entity shall
not present in separate financial statements, earnings per share based on the
information given in consolidated financial statements, besides requiring as in IAS 33,
that earnings per share based on the information given in separate financial
statements shall not be presented in the consolidated financial statements.
4 In Ind AS 33, a paragraph has been added after paragraph 12 on the
following lines -
Where any item of income or expense which is otherwise required to be recognized
in profit or loss in accordance with accounting standards is debited or credited to
securities premium account/other reserves, the amount in respect thereof shall be
deducted from profit or loss from continuing operations for the purpose of calculating
basic earnings per share.
5 In Ind AS 33 paragraph 15 has been amended by adding the phrase,
irrespective of whether such discount or premium is debited or credited to
securities premium account to further clarify that such discount or premium shall
also be amortised to retained earnings.
Ind AS 34, Interim Financial Reporting
A footnote has been added to paragraph 1of Ind AS 34, Interim Financial Reporting
that Unaudited Financial Results required to be prepared and presented under
Clause 41 of Listing Agreement with stock exchanges is not an Interim Financial
Report as defined in paragraph 4 of this Standard.
Ind AS 40, Investment Property
IAS 40 permits both cost model and fair value model (except in some situations) for
measurement of investment properties after initial recognition. Ind AS 40 permits only
the cost model.
Ind AS 101 First-time Adoption of Indian Accounting Standards
1. Paragraph 3 of Ind AS 101 specifies that an entitys first Ind AS financial statements are
the first annual financial statements in which the entity adopts Ind ASs in accordance
with Ind ASs notified under the Companies Act, 1956 whereas IFRS 1 provides various
examples of first IFRS financial statements.
2. Paragraph 4 of IFRS 1 provides various examples of instances when an entity does not
apply this IFRS. Ind AS 101 does not provide the same.
3. IFRS 1 requires specific disclosures if the entity provides non-IFRS comparative
information and historical summaries. Such disclosures are not required under Ind AS
101.
Ind AS 103, Business Combinations
IFRS 3 excludes from its scope business combinations of entities under common
control. Appendix C of Ind AS 103 gives guidance in this regard.
Notes:
1. Differences between Indian Accounting Standards (Ind-ASs) and corresponding
IFRSs are given in Appendix 1 at the end of each Indian Accounting Standard.
2. Apart from the changes in IFRSs as a result of carve-outs and other changes as
described in above section, changes consequential thereto have also been made in
all Ind ASs, wherever required.
IV. Comparison of IFRS as applicable on 1st April 2011 with Ind AS, placed at MCAs website
S
N
o.
IFRS /IAS
No.
Corresponding Indian
Accounting Standard
Name
1. IAS 1 Ind AS 1 Presentation of Financial Statements
2. IAS 2 Ind AS 2 Inventories
3. IAS 7 Ind AS 7 Statement of Cash Flows
4. IAS 8 Ind AS 8 Accounting Policies, Changes in Accounting Estimates
and Errors
5. IAS 10 Ind AS 10 Events after the Reporting Period
6. IAS 11 Ind AS 11 Construction Contracts
7. IAS 12 Ind AS 12 Income Taxes
8. IAS 16 Ind AS 16 Property, Plant and Equipment
9. IAS 17 Ind AS 17 Leases
10. IAS 18 Ind AS 18 Revenue
11. IAS 19 Ind AS 19 Employee Benefits
12. IAS 20 Ind AS 20 Accounting for Government Grants and Disclosure of
Government Assistance
13. IAS 21 Ind AS 21 The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates
14. IAS 23 Ind AS 23 Borrowing Costs
15. IAS 24 Ind AS 24 Related Party Disclosures
16. IAS 26 * Accounting and Reporting by Retirement Benefit Plans
17. IAS 27 Ind AS 27 Consolidated and Separate Financial Statements
18. IAS 28 Ind AS 28 Investments in Associates
19. IAS 29 Ind AS 29 Financial Reporting in Hyperinflationary Economies
20. IAS 31 Ind AS 31 Interests in Joint Ventures
21. IAS 32 Ind AS 32 Financial Instruments: Presentation
22. IAS 33 Ind AS 33 Earnings per Share
23. IAS 34 Ind AS 34 Interim Financial Reporting
* Ind AS corresponding to IAS 26 Accounting and Reporting by Retirement Benefit Plans has not
been placed on MCAs website as this standard is not applicable to companies
** Ind AS corresponding to IAS 41, Agriculture, is being redrafted.
*** It has been decided that Ind AS corresponding to IFRS 9, Financial Instruments, should not be
issued since it was felt that it was incomplete; instead of this standard, Ind AS 39 has been
issued.
24. IAS 36 Ind AS 36 Impairment of Assets
25. IAS 37 Ind AS 37 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets
26. IAS 38 Ind AS 38 Intangible Assets
27. IAS 39 Ind AS 39 Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement
28. IAS 40 Ind AS 41 Investment Property
29. IAS 41 ** Agriculture
30. IFRS 1 Ind AS 101 First-time Adoption of Indian Accounting Standards
31. IFRS 2 Ind AS 102 Share-based Payment
32. IFRS 3 Ind AS 103 Business Combinations
33. IFRS 4 Ind AS 104 Insurance Contracts
34. IFRS 5 Ind AS 105 Non-current Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued
Operations
35. IFRS 6 Ind AS 106 Exploration for and Evaluation of Mineral Resources

36. IFRS 7 Ind AS 107 Financial Instruments: Disclosures
37. IFRS 8 Ind AS 108 Operating Segments
38. IFRS 9 *** Financial Instruments
Comparison of IFRICs/SICs as applicable on 1st April 2011 with corresponding Appendices to Ind
ASs
S No. IFRIC/SIC
No.
Corresponding Appendix
included in Ind AS
IFRIC/SIC
1. IFRIC 1 Appendix A to Ind AS 16 Changes in Existing Decommissioning,
Restoration and Similar Liabilities
2. IFRIC 2 # Members Shares in Co-operative Entities and
Similar Instruments
3. IFRIC 4 Appendix C to Ind AS 17 Determining whether an Arrangement contains
a Lease
4. IFRIC 5 Appendix A to Ind AS 37 Rights to Interests arising from
Decommissioning, Restoration and
Environmental Rehabilitation Funds
5. IFRIC 6 Appendix B to Ind AS 37 Liabilities arising from Participating in a Specific
MarketWaste Electrical and Electronic
Equipment
6. IFRIC 7 Appendix A to Ind AS 29 Applying the Restatement Approach under Ind
AS 29 Financial Reporting in Hyperinflationary
Economies
7. IFRIC 9 Appendix C to Ind AS 39 Reassessment of Embedded Derivatives
8. IFRIC 10 Appendix A to Ind AS 34 Interim Financial Reporting and Impairment
9. IFRIC 12 Appendix A to Ind AS 11 Service Concession Arrangements
10. IFRIC 13 Appendix B to Ind AS 18 Customer Loyalty Programmes
11. IFRIC 14 Appendix A to Ind AS 19 Ind AS 19 The Limit on a Defined Benefit
Asset, Minimum Funding Requirements and
their Interaction
12. IFRIC 15 ## Agreements for the Construction of Real Estate
13. IFRIC 16 Appendix D to Ind AS 39 Hedges of a Net Investment in a Foreign
Operation
14. IFRIC 17 Appendix A to Ind AS 10 Distributions of Non-cash Assets to Owners
15. IFRIC 18 Appendix C to Ind AS 18 Transfers of Assets from Customers
16. IFRIC 19 Appendix A to Ind AS 32 Extinguishing Financial Liabilities with Equity
Instruments
17. SIC-7 ### Introduction of Euro
18. SIC-10 Appendix A to Ind AS 20 Government AssistanceNo Specific Relation
to Operating Activities
19. SIC-12 Appendix A to Ind AS 27 ConsolidationSpecial Purpose Entities
20. SIC-13 Appendix A to Ind AS 31 Jointly Controlled Entities Non-Monetary
Contributions by Venturers
21. SIC-15 Appendix A to Ind AS 17 Operating LeasesIncentives
22. SIC- 21 Appendix A to Ind AS 12 Income TaxesRecovery of Revalued Non-
Depreciable Assets
23. SIC-25 Appendix B to Ind AS 12 Income TaxesChanges in the Tax Status of
an Entity or its Shareholders
24. SIC-27 Appendix B to Ind AS 17 Evaluating the Substance of Transactions
Involving the Legal Form of a Lease
25. SIC-29 Appendix B to Ind AS 11 Service Concession Arrangements: Disclosures
26. SIC-31 Appendix A to Ind AS 18 RevenueBarter Transactions Involving
Advertising Services
27. SIC-32 Appendix A to Ind AS 38 Intangible AssetsWeb Site Costs
# Appendix corresponding to IFRIC 2 is not issued as it is not relevant for the companies
## On the basis of principles of the IAS 18, IFRIC 15 on Agreement for Construction of Real Estate
prescribes that construction of real estate should be treated as sale of goods and revenue
should be recognised when the entity has transferred significant risks and rewards of ownership
and retained neither continuing managerial involvement nor effective control. IFRIC 15 has not
been included in Ind AS 18 to scope out such agreements and to include the same in Ind AS 11,
Construction Contracts
### Appendix corresponding to SIC 7 is not issued as it is not relevant in the Indian context.

 
 
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