Sitting on a shelf at the library of the National Law School of India University, or NLSIU, a glass-walled structure straight out of Ayn Rands The Fountainhead, is a book titled the Young Peoples Book of Law.
It reads: So, there is, and must be for each generation, much to read, much to learn and much to put into practice. But it is all such interesting work and understanding of the principles of law and seeing how they apply in the modern world that is one of the most rewarding studies. Those who decide to take it up seldom, if ever, regret it.
More than two decades ago, Indian students would find these words dull and unconvincing. But NLSIUs path-breaking efforts have helped redefine the need for legal education in India, making the legal profession a lucrative and attractive career option. When I joined in 1993, no one had even heard of the NLSIU. Law was an option for those not interested in studies or for those who wanted to pass up a few years or those whose parents were lawyers. The competitive exam conducted by the school was fair and honest and would take in a limited number of the best students in the country. This changed the notion of what a law school was, says Menaka Guruswamy, who graduated in 1997.
Last month, around 12,000 Indian students aspiring to be lawyers appeared for the first Common Law Admission Test, or CLAT. The test is the result of an effort initiated by the Bar Council of India, a regulatory body that prescribes standards in legal practice and education, and the University Grants Commission, a government agency that provides funds to institutions of higher education, to cut down the multiplicity of law school entrance exams in the country.
The CLAT at present applies to admissions in 10 law schools in the country. Students are given an option to rate the schools according to their preference. As per the rank obtained by the students seats are allotted as per their preferences. The admission process of the first CLAT exam held this year showed that more than 7,500 students chose NLSIU as their first preference.
Not surprising, considering the high salaries offered by international and national law firms, besides multinational corporations, to NLSIU students and the schools competent faculty and exceptional infrastructure facilities; it is believed to have the best law library in the country.
The government of Karnataka set up NLSIU in 1988 as a response to the neglect of legal education in India. This negligence could have been a heavy price to pay in the wake of economic liberalization and new regulatory schemes. NLSIUs first batch graduated in 1993, coinciding with the early years of liberalization of Indias economy. Around that time, a need for corporate lawyers arose to fulfil demands of private players and foreign investors who were forging new deals and awaiting reforms that would end the licence raj and open doors for trade and commerce at an accelerated pace.
Moreover, the success of the schools progressive curriculum and the opportunities it created for young law students through job placements and extra-curricular activities encouraged policymakers in other states in India to follow suit and begin paying more attention to legal education and feed the demand for young law graduates in multinational and corporate entities, besides traditional legal practice in courts.
NLSIU brought in a new dimension to education in India. Our five-year BA LLB programme made students take legal education seriously. Before our students were recruited, corporates and multinational corporations thought law students were unemployable, says vice-chancellor A. Jayagovind.
He believes the high standards set by the NLSIU have provided an impetus to the improvement of legal education in India with states setting up law schools modeled on NLSIU and law colleges attached to state universities too emulating the NLSIU curriculum. Chandrababu Naidu, former chief minister of Andhra Pradesh, supported setting up a similar law school in Hyderabad with an aim to make it the best in the country, he explains talking about Nalsar University of Law in Hyderabad.
Since 1993, the school has produced students who have excelled in India and abroad while working with law firms corporate law and litigation in courts, international organizations, non-profit groups and in civil services.
A board outside the vice-chancellors office displays the names of alumni who were awarded for their excellence. Vikram Raghavan, gold medallist of the batch of 1997, now works as legal counsel for the World Bank, dispensing legal and transactional advice on a variety of constitutional, operational and local law issues that arise in World Bank-financed projects in West Asia, north Africa and South Asia.
Nandan Nelivigi, Raghavans senior by four years and a graduate of the first NLSIU batch, is now partner at American law firm White and Case Llp.s New York office and advises on cross-border transactions in India.
The recruitment drive at NLSIU in the last two years has seen top law firms in the UK, such as Clifford Chance Llp., Linklaters and Allen and Overy Llp., whisking away top students in anticipation of the opening up of the legal services sector in India with attractive pay packages. Allen and Overy also recruits from NLSIU for its London offices.