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Petition in Rajasthan HC challenges the Constitutional validity of AAR bench of Tax Officers
May, 21st 2020

The Rajasthan High Court has issued a notice on a petition challenged the constitutional validity of Section 96(2) of the Rajasthan Goods and Service Tax Act, 2017 and Section 96 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 to the extent they prescribe for the constitution of the Authority for Advance Ruling (AAR) consisting of members from amongst the officers of Central tax and the officers of State tax, and Rule 103 of the CGST Rules and Rule 103 of the RGST Rules.

The petitioner contended to declare the provisions of Section 99 of the CGST Act and Section 99 of the RGST Act to the extent they prescribe for the constitution of the Appellate Authority for Advance Ruling, which consists of Chief Commissioner of Central Tax and Commissioner of State Tax, as its members, as arbitrary and unconstitutional.

The Petitioner also contended that, as per Section 97 of the CGST Act, AAR and AAAR have been enforced to determine, apart from other issues, liability to pay tax on any goods or services or both. According to Section 105 of the CGST Act, the AAR/AAAR would have the powers of a civil court under the Code of Civil Procedure in relation to specified items and proceedings before them would be deemed to be judicial proceedings. Learned counsel for the petitioner relying on the Constitution Bench judgment of the Supreme Court in Union of India Vs. R. Gandhi and Others – (2010) 11 SCC 1 submitted that the composition of any such Authority/Tribunal ought to have a Member from a judicial background as they have been empowered to discharge judicial functions.

The Petitioner also said that in case of import of goods on FOB basis, the petitioner avails the Transportation Services of the Transporter, i.e., foreign shipping company for bringing the goods into India and is liable to pay consideration for the Transportation Services, and, therefore can be considered as a recipient of services and liable to pay IGST on reverse charge basis.

According to the proviso to Section 5(1) of the IGST Act the integrated tax on goods imported into India shall be levied and collected in accordance with the provisions of Section 3 of the Customs Tariff Act, 1975. Section 3 of the Customs Tariff Act, 1975 levies the additional duty of goods imported to the territory of India. Section 14(1) of the Customs Act lays down that the value of imported articles shall be the transaction value of such goods, which is the price actually paid or payable for the goods when sold for export to India for delivery at the time and place of importation where the buyer and seller of the goods are not related and the price is the sole consideration for the sale.

The Petition also challenges the notification dated 28.6.2017 to the extent of declaring Entry 10 which notifies ‘importer’ as the ‘recipient’ of service for the levy of IGST on reverse charge mechanism and authorizing levy on the Importer in case of import of goods on CIF basis as ultra-vires to Section 5(3) of the IGST Act, 2017.


According to Section 5(3) of the Integrated Goods & Service Tax Act, 2017 the Government is empowered to notify the category for the supply of goods or services or both, the tax on which shall be paid on reverse charge basis. The term of ‘recipient’ has been defined under Section 2(93) of the CGST Act, which states that in cases where a consideration is payable for the supply of goods or services or both, the person who is liable to pay the consideration for a supply of goods or services. Section 2(26) of the Customs Act, 1962, provides that in relation to the importation of goods, the importer includes any owner, beneficial owner, or any person holding himself out to be the importer.

However, the respondent no.1 Union of India has vide impugned notification dated 28.06.2017, also notified ‘recipient of service’, thereby exceeding the power conferred by Section 5(3) of the IGST Act. In case of a transaction on a CIF basis, i.e., the exporter/supplier of goods receives the Transportation Services from the foreign shipping company and he is the person liable to pay to the transporter of goods, i.e., a foreign shipping company. Hence, as per Section 2(93) of the CGST Act, the said exporter shall be considered as ‘recipient of service’. However, the impugned notification has been illegally shifted the liability to pay IGST on the ‘importer’ who is not the recipient of the services in case of import on CIF basis.

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