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  Ind AS Transition Facilitation Group (ITFG) Clarification Bulletin 10
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Ind AS Transition Facilitation Group (ITFG) Clarification Bulletin 8
May, 09th 2017
            Ind AS Transition Facilitation Group (ITFG) Clarification Bulletin 8

`Ind AS Transition Facilitation Group' (ITFG) of Ind AS (IFRS) Implementation Committee
has been constituted for providing clarifications on timely basis on various issues related to
the applicability and /or implementation of Ind AS under the Companies (Indian Accounting
Standards) Rules, 2015, raised by preparers, users and other stakeholders.

Ind AS Transition Facilitation Group (ITFG) considered some issues received from members
and decided to issue following clarifications1 on May 5, 2017:

Issue1: Whether provision for unspent Corporate Social Responsibility expenditure is
required to be made as per Ind AS?

Response: Paragraph 14 of Ind AS 37, Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent
Assets states:

"A provision shall be recognised when:
    (a) an entity has a present obligation (legal or constructive) as a result of a past event;
    (b) it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required
       to settle the obligation; and
    (c) a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation.

If these conditions are not met, no provision shall be recognised."

Section 135 (5) of the Companies Act, 2013 (the Act) requires a company to spend a certain
amount as expenditure towards Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). The proviso to
section 135 (5) of the Act provides that if the specified amount is not spent by the company
during the year, the Directors' Report should disclose the reasons for not spending the
amount.

In accordance with the above, it may be noted that provision for the amount which is not
spent, i.e., any shortfall in the amount that was expected to be spent as per the provisions of
the Act on CSR activities and the amount actually spent at the end of a reporting period, may
not be required in the financial statements.

However, if a company has already undertaken certain CSR activity for which an obligation
has been created, for example, by entering into a contractual obligation, or either a
constructive obligation has arisen during the year, then in accordance with Ind AS 37, a

1
  Clarifications given or views expressed by the Ind AS Transition Facilitation Group (ITFG)
represent the views of the members of the ITFG and are not necessarily the views of the Ind AS
(IFRS) Implementation Committee or the Council of the Institute. The clarifications/views are based
on the accounting principles as on the date the Group finalises the particular clarification. The date of
finalisation of each clarification is indicated along with the clarification. The clarification must,
therefore, be read in the light of any amendments and/or other developments subsequent to the
issuance of clarifications by the Group


                                                                                          Page 1 of 12
provision for the amount of such CSR obligation, needs to be recognised in the financial
statements.


Issue2: Whether an entity is required to disclose the impact of Ind AS 115, Revenue
from Contracts with Customers (as required by paragraph 30 of Ind AS 8) in its financial
statements as prepared as per Ind AS?

Response: Paragraph 30 of Ind AS 8Accounting Policies, Changes in Accounting Estimates
and Errors states as follows:

 "When an entity has not applied a new Ind AS that has been issued but is not yet
 effective, the entity shall disclose:

 (a) this fact; and

 (b) known or reasonably estimable information relevant to assessing the possible
 impact that application of the new Ind AS will have on the entity's financial statements
 in the period of initial application."

In accordance with the above, it may be noted that an entity is required to disclose the impact
of Ind AS which has been issued but is not yet effective.

However, it may be noted that Ind AS 115, which was earlier notified under Companies
(Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015, vide MCA notification dated February 16, 2015
stands withdrawn under Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) (Amendments) Rules,
2016 vide MCA notification dated March 30, 2016. Accordingly, an entity is not required to
disclose the impact of Ind AS 115 for the financial year ending March 31, 2017 as Ind AS
115 has been omitted from the Rules.

Issue 3: Ind AS 101, First-time Adoption of Indian Accounting Standards, requires
presentation of balance sheet at the date of transition to Ind AS. For a company, the
date of transition is April 1, 2016. Normally a balance sheet represents the end of day
position. Is the balance sheet required to be prepared on the date of transition at the
end of the day or the start of the day? (e.g if the transition date is April 1, 2016, then
balance sheet to be prepared will be close of day of April 1 or start of day of April 1 (i.e.
closing of March 31)

Response: As per paragraph 6 of Ind AS 101-An entity shall prepare and present an opening
Ind AS Balance Sheet at the date of transition to Ind ASs. This is the starting point for its
accounting in accordance with Ind ASs subject to the requirements of paragraphs D13AA
and D22. Further an example is provided under paragraph 8 of Ind AS 101 which provides
as follows:

The end of entity A's first Ind AS reporting period is 31 March 2017. Entity A decides to
present comparative information in those financial statements for one year only (see

                                                                                  Page 2 of 12
paragraph 21). Therefore, its date of transition to Ind ASs is the beginning of business on 1
April 2015 (or, equivalently, close of business on 31 March 2015). Entity A presented
financial statements in accordance with its previous GAAP annually to 31 March each year
up to, and including, 31 March 2016.

As per the relevant paragraph and example given in Ind AS 101, balance sheet will be
prepared as on date of transition to Ind AS, i.e. the beginning of business on 1 April 2016 (or,
equivalently, close of business on 31 March 2016).


Issue 4: ABC Ltd. is a first-time adopter of Ind AS and has opted for deemed cost
exemption as per paragraph D7AA of Ind AS 101, First-time Adoption of Indian
Accounting Standards. It had capitalised an item of property, plant and equipment
under previous GAAP even though it did not meet the definition of an asset. Whether
this asset cost can also be continued to be capitalised under deemed cost exemption.

Response: Paragraph D7AA of Ind AS 101, provides that, "Where there is no change in its
functional currency on the date of transition to Ind ASs, a first-time adopter to Ind ASs may
elect to continue with the carrying value for all of its property, plant and equipment as
recognised in the financial statements as at the date of transition to Ind ASs, measured as per
the previous GAAP and use that as its deemed cost as at the date of transition after making
necessary adjustments in accordance with paragraph D21 and D21A, of Ind AS 101."

In accordance with the above, the option of deemed cost exemption can be availed for
property, plant and equipment measured as per previous GAAP. The incorrect capitalisation
of the item of property, plant and equipment did not meet the definition of asset as per
previous GAAP and the definition of `Property, plant and equipment' as per Ind AS 16,
accordingly the deemed cost exemption under paragraph D7AA of Ind AS 101 cannot be
availed for those assets.




Further, it is important to note the provisions of paragraph 10 of Ind AS 101, which states
that, "Except as described in paragraphs 13­19 and Appendices B­D, an entity shall, in its
opening Ind AS Balance Sheet:

 (a) recognise all assets and liabilities whose recognition is required by Ind ASs;
 (b) not recognise items as assets or liabilities if Ind ASs do not permit such recognition;
 (c) reclassify items that it recognised in accordance with previous GAAP as one type of
      asset, liability or component of equity, but are a different type of asset, liability or
      component of equity in accordance with Ind ASs; and
 (d) apply Ind ASs in measuring all recognised assets and liabilities."

Paragraph 26 of Ind AS 101 provides that, `If an entity becomes aware of errors made under
previous GAAP, the reconciliations required by paragraph 24(a) and (b) shall distinguish the
correction of those errors from changes in accounting policies.'


                                                                                  Page 3 of 12
Further paragraph 24 of Ind AS 101 provides that, `To comply with paragraph 23, an entity's
first Ind AS financial statements shall include:

(a) reconciliations of its equity reported in accordance with previous GAAP to its equity in
accordance with Ind ASs for both of the following dates:
       (i) the date of transition to Ind ASs; and
      (ii) the end of the latest period presented in the entity's most recent annual financial
      statements in accordance with previous GAAP.

(b) a reconciliation to its total comprehensive income in accordance with Ind ASs for the
    latest period in the entity's most recent annual financial statements. The starting point
    for that reconciliation shall be total comprehensive income in accordance with previous
    GAAP for the same period or, if an entity did not report such a total, profit or loss under
    previous GAAP."

In view of the above, the incorrect capitalisation of asset which does not meet the definition
of tangible asset will be covered under paragraph 26 of Ind AS 101 being an error, and the
disclosure of the same should be done as per paragraph 24 of Ind AS 101 as mentioned
above.

Issue 5: MNC Ltd. is a first-time adopter of Ind AS. It has elected to measure its
property, plant and equipment at deemed cost measured as per paragraph D6 of Ind
AS 101, i.e. at its previous GAAP revaluation amount measured before the date of
transition (assuming the revaluation is broadly comparable to cost in accordance with
Ind AS).Whether it can reverse the impairment provision recognised in books as at the
date of transition.

Would the answer be different if the company has not opted for the deemed cost
exemption given under Ind AS 101 and has elected to apply Ind AS 16 retrospectively?

Response: Ind AS 101, First-time Adoption of Indian Accounting Standards defines deemed
cost as, "An amount used as a surrogate for cost or depreciated cost at a given date.
Subsequent depreciation or amortisation assumes that the entity had initially recognised the
asset or liability at the given date and that its cost was equal to the deemed cost."

As per paragraph D6 of Ind AS 101, "A first-time adopter may elect to use a previous GAAP
revaluation of an item of property, plant and equipment at, or before, the date of transition to
Ind ASs as deemed cost at the date of the revaluation, if the revaluation was, at the date of
the revaluation, broadly comparable to:
(a) fair value; or
(b) cost or depreciated cost in accordance with Ind ASs, adjusted to reflect, for example,
changes in a general or specific price index."

In accordance with the above, an entity may elect to measure its property, plant and
equipment at its deemed cost measured as per previous GAAP revaluation on or before the

                                                                                  Page 4 of 12
date of transition, if the revaluation was broadly comparable to fair value or cost or
depreciated cost in accordance with Ind AS. The amount so elected as deemed cost is the cost
and any accumulated depreciation and provision for impairment under previous GAAP have
no relevance. Accordingly, provision for impairment provided before the date of such
measurement as per previous GAAP cannot be reversed in later years.

It may be noted that FAQ on deemed cost of property, plant and equipment under Ind AS
101, First-time Adoption of Indian Accounting Standards issued by the Accounting Standards
Board of ICAI also, inter alia, provides that from the date of transition, the deemed cost, i.e.,
carrying values of PPE as per the previous GAAP is the cost and any accumulated
depreciation and provision for impairment under previous GAAP have no relevance as would
be the case if fair value were to be taken as deemed cost as per paragraph D5.

Accordingly, provision for impairment provided before the date of transition as per previous
GAAP cannot be reversed in later years.

However, from the deemed cost determination date to the date of transition, the entity shall
apply appropriate Ind AS accounting policies and depreciation policies to that asset. The
depreciation policy applied during the intervening period from the deemed cost determination
date to the date of transition would have to be in accordance with the requirements of
applicable Ind AS. Accordingly, the impairment loss for the period between the deemed cost
determination date to the date of transition can be reversed, if permitted as per the provisions
of Ind AS 36, Impairment of Assets.

However, if it follows that if Ind AS 16 was applied retrospectively in accordance with
paragraphs 7 and 10 of Ind AS 101, then impairment loss can be reversed, if permitted as per
the provisions of Ind AS 36, Impairment of Assets.

Issue 6: Company A has multiple subsidiaries. All subsidiary companies have a negative
net worth as at 31st March 2015. Company A is required to apply Ind AS from 1st April,
2016.How will the company account for accumulated losses as at 31st March 2015
pertaining (under the earlier GAAP) to the non-controlling interest in its consolidated
financial statements as on the date of transition-

(i)If Company A decides to avail the exemption for all business combination before the
     date of transition as per Appendix C of Ind AS 101, First-time Adoption of Indian
     Accounting Standards?

(ii) If Company A elects to apply Ind AS 103, Business Combinations, retrospectively to
      past business combinations i.e., restating the business combinations that occurred
      before the date of transition to Ind AS from the date of its choice ?

Response: Paragraph B7 of Ind AS 101, First-time Adoption of Indian Accounting Standards
on transition states:


                                                                                   Page 5 of 12
"A first-time adopter shall apply the following requirements of Ind AS 110 prospectively from
the date of transition to Ind ASs:

   (a) the requirement in paragraph B94 that total comprehensive income is attributed to
       the owners of the parent and to the non-controlling interests even if this results in the
       non-controlling interests having a deficit balance;
   (b) .....

   (c) .......

However, if a first-time adopter elects to apply Ind AS 103 retrospectively to past business
combinations, it shall also apply Ind AS 110 in accordance with paragraph C1 of this Ind
AS."

Paragraph C1 of Ind AS 101 further states:

 "A first-time adopter may elect not to apply Ind AS 103 retrospectively to past
 business combinations (business combinations that occurred before the date of
 transition to Ind ASs). However, if a first-time adopter restates any
 business combination to comply with Ind AS 103, it shall restate all later business
 combinations and shall also apply Ind AS 110 from that same date."
 For example, if a first-time adopter elects to restate a business combination that
 occurred on 30 June 2010, it shall restate all business combinations that occurred
 between 30 June 2010 and the date of transition to Ind ASs, and it shall also apply Ind
 AS 110 from 30 June 2010.

Further paragraph C4 of Appendix C of Ind AS 101, states as follows:

 C4 If a first-time adopter does not apply Ind AS 103 retrospectively to a past business
    combination, this has the following consequences for that business combination:

       .......

      (c) The first-time adopter shall exclude from its opening Ind AS Balance Sheet
      any item recognised in accordance with previous GAAP that does not qualify for
      recognition as an asset or liability under Ind ASs. The first-time adopter shall
      account for the resulting change as follows:

          (i) the first-time adopter may have classified a past business combination as an
          acquisition and recognised as an intangible asset an item that does not qualify
          for recognition as an asset in accordance with Ind AS 38, Intangible Assets. It
          shall reclassify that item (and, if any, the related deferred tax and non-
          controlling interests) as part of goodwill (unless it deducted goodwill directly
          from equity in accordance with previous GAAP, see (g)(i) and (i) below) or
          capital reserve to the extent not exceeding the balance available in that
          reserve.


                                                                                   Page 6 of 12
            (ii) the first-time adopter shall recognise all other resulting changes in
            retained earnings.

          ............

         (k) The measurement of non-controlling interests and deferred tax follows from
         the measurement of other assets and liabilities. Therefore, the above adjustments
         to recognised assets and liabilities affect non-controlling interests and deferred
         tax."

In accordance with above, if a company elects to apply a date prior to the transition date for
the purpose of applying Ind AS 103, non-controlling interests should be calculated after all
assets acquired, liabilities assumed and deferred taxes have been adjusted under Ind AS 103,
Business Combinations.

So, as per above paragraph, in the given case (i), if Company A decides to avail the
exemption for business combination as per Appendix C of Ind AS 101, in respect of all
business combinations that occurred before the date of transition, then the company shall
apply the requirement in paragraph B94 of Ind AS 110 of attributing the total comprehensive
income to the owners of the parent and to the non-controlling interests prospectively.

However, if Company A elects to apply Ind AS 103, Business Combinations retrospectively
to past business combinations i.e., restating the business combinations that occurred before
the date of transition to Ind AS from the date of its choice, then the company should account
for attribution of losses to the non-controlling interest in accordance with paragraph B 94 of
110, retrospectively from the date of application of Ind AS 103, in its consolidated financial
statements as on the date of transition.


Issue 7: A company is a first-time adopter of Ind AS. It has opted for exemption under
paragraph D7AA of Ind AS 101, First-time Adoption of Indian Accounting Standards
and also elected the cost model under Ind AS 16, Property, Plant and Equipment for
subsequent measurement. On the date of transition to Ind AS:

(i)      What will be the accounting treatment of the balance outstanding in the
         "Revaluation Reserve" created as per previous GAAP.

(ii)     What will be the treatment of deferred tax on this transition revaluation reserve?

Response:

Paragraph 10 of Ind AS 101, First-time Adoption of Indian Accounting Standards provides as
follows:

 "Except as described in paragraphs 13­19 and Appendices B­D, an entity shall, in its
 opening Ind AS Balance Sheet:
      (a) recognise all assets and liabilities whose recognition is required by Ind ASs;

                                                                                     Page 7 of 12
  (b) not recognise items as assets or liabilities if Ind ASs do not permit such recognition;
  (c) reclassify items that it recognised in accordance with previous GAAP as one type of
      asset, liability or component of equity, but are a different type of asset, liability or
      component of equity in accordance with Ind ASs; and

  (d) apply Ind ASs in measuring all recognised assets and liabilities.

Further paragraph11 of Ind AS 101 provides that, the accounting policies that an entity uses
in its opening Ind AS Balance Sheet may differ from those that it used for the same date using
its previous GAAP. The resulting adjustments arise from events and transactions before the
date of transition to Ind ASs. Therefore, an entity shall recognise those adjustments directly
in retained earnings (or, if appropriate, another category of equity) at the date of transition
to Ind ASs.
Accordingly, as per the above requirements in the given case balance outstanding in the
revaluation reserve should be transferred to retained earnings or if appropriate, another
category of equity disclosing the description of the nature and purpose of such amount in
accordance with the requirements of paragraph 79(b), Ind AS 1, Presentation of Financial
Statements. This is because after transition, the Company is no longer applying the
revaluation model of Ind AS 16, instead it has elected to apply the cost model approach.

It may be noted that the requirements of Companies Act, 2013 for declaration of dividend
will be required to be evaluated separately.

Further, it may also be noted that in accordance with Ind AS 12, Income Taxes, deferred tax
would need to be recognised on any difference between the carrying amount and tax base of
assets and liabilities. No deferred tax is created on equity components. However, since the
asset has been revalued, there will be difference for the amount between carrying value and
tax base. Hence, deferred tax will have to be recognised on such asset.


Issue 8: MNC Ltd. is a first-time adopter of Ind AS. It had taken a foreign currency
loan for USD 100 million on March 31, 2013 for construction of its property, plant and
equipment (PPE). The company had availed the option given under paragraph 46/46A
of AS 11, The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates notified under the
Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and accordingly, exchange gain/loss on
such foreign currency loan had been added to or deducted from the cost of PPE. On the
date of transition to Ind AS, the Company has opted for the exemption given under
paragraph D13AA of Ind AS 101, First-time Adoption of Indian Accounting Standards.

As per section 43A of Income Tax Act, 1961 such exchange differences capitalised are
not allowed deduction under the Income Tax.

Whether deferred tax is to be recognised on such differences that are arising from
adjustment of exchange difference to the cost of the asset or can it be said that these



                                                                                   Page 8 of 12
meet the initial recognition exemption under paragraph 15(b) of Ind AS 12, Income
Taxes, and hence no deferred tax is required to be created on the same?

Response: Paragraph D13AA of Ind AS 101 states as follows:

"A first-time adopter may continue the policy adopted for accounting for exchange
differences arising from translation of long-term foreign currency monetary items recognised
in the financial statements for the period ending immediately before the beginning of the first
Ind AS financial reporting period as per the previous GAAP."

Further paragraph 7AA of Ind AS 21 states as follows:

"7AA This Standard does not also apply to long-term foreign currency monetary items for
which an entity has opted for the exemption given in paragraph D13AA of Appendix D to Ind
AS 101. Such an entity may continue to apply the accounting policy so opted for such long-
term foreign currency monetary items."

As stated above, it may be noted that the exemption under paragraph D13AA of Ind AS 101
is available only for the exchange differences arising from translation of long-term foreign
currency monetary items recognised in the financial statements immediately before the
beginning of the first Ind AS financial reporting period.




As per paragraph 5 of Ind AS 12, "Temporary differences are differences between the
carrying amount of an asset or liability in the balance sheet and its tax base. Temporary
differences may be either:

      (a) taxable temporary differences, which are temporary differences that will result in
      taxable amounts in determining taxable profit (tax loss) of future periods when the
      carrying amount of the asset or liability is recovered or settled; or

      (b) deductible temporary differences, which are temporary differences that will result in
      amounts that are deductible in determining taxable profit (tax loss) of future periods
      when the carrying amount of the asset or liability is recovered or settled.

The tax base of an asset or liability is the amount attributed to that asset or liability for tax
purposes."

It may result in deferred tax depending on treatment of such differences under Income Tax
Act, 1961 including Income Computation and Disclosure Standards (ICDS).

Paragraph 15 of Ind AS 12, states as follows:

 15     A deferred tax liability shall be recognised for all taxable temporary differences, except
        to the extent that the deferred tax liability arises from:

         (a) the initial recognition of goodwill; or

                                                                                    Page 9 of 12
       (b) the initial recognition of an asset or liability in a transaction which:

         (i) is not a business combination; and
         (ii) at the time of the transaction, affects neither accounting profit nor taxable profit
         (tax loss).

     However, for taxable temporary differences associated with investments in subsidiaries,
     branches and associates, and interests in joint arrangements, a deferred tax liability
     shall be recognised in accordance with paragraph 39.

Similarly, paragraph 24 of Ind AS 12 states as follows:

A deferred tax asset shall be recognised for all deductible temporary differences to the extent
that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which the deductible
temporary difference can be utilised, unless the deferred tax asset arises from the initial
recognition of an asset or liability in a transaction that:

(a) is not a business combination; and
(b) at the time of the transaction, affects neither accounting profit nor taxable profit (tax
   loss).

However, for deductible temporary differences associated with investments in subsidiaries,
branches and associates, and interests in joint arrangements, a deferred tax asset shall be
recognised in accordance with paragraph 44.

In accordance with the above, it may be noted that deferred taxes is required to be recognised
for all taxable and deductible temporary differences except in specified situations eg. if it
arises from initial recognition of an asset or a liability. However, adjustment to the cost of the
asset due to exchange difference is a subsequent transaction and does not arise on `the initial
recognition of an asset or liability'. In other words, capitalisation of the exchange differences
(including the exchange differences prior to the date of transition) represents subsequent
measurement of the liability which has been adjusted to the cost of the asset. Accordingly, in
the given case, initial recognition exemption will not be available and deferred tax is required
to be recognised on temporary difference arising from capitalised exchange differences.


Issue 9: How should the dividend income on an investment in debt instrument be
recognised in the books of an investor?

Response: The dividend income on an investment in debt instrument shall be recognised in
the form interest. The recognition of income will depend on the category of investment in
debt instrument (e.g. amortised cost, fair value through other comprehensive income or fair
value through profit or loss) determined as per the requirements of Ind AS 109.



                                                                                      Page 10 of 12
Recognition of interest income in case of investment in debt instrument measured at
amortised cost

If the financial asset is measured at amortised cost, then interest revenue on the same shall be
calculated using effective interest rate method in accordance with the following paragraph of
Ind AS 109:

"5.4.1 Interest revenue shall be calculated by using the effective interest method (see
Appendix A and paragraphs B5.4.1­B5.4.7). This shall be calculated by applying the
effective interest rate to the gross carrying amount of a financial asset except for:

(a) purchased or originated credit-impaired financial assets. For those financial assets, the
entity shall apply the credit adjusted effective interest rate to the amortised cost of the
financial asset from initial recognition.

(b) financial assets that are not purchased or originated credit impaired financial assets but
subsequently have become credit-impaired financial assets. For those financial assets, the
entity shall apply the effective interest rate to the amortised cost of the financial asset in
subsequent reporting periods.

5.4.2 An entity that, in a reporting period, calculates interest revenue by applying the
effective interest method to the amortised cost of a financial asset in accordance with
paragraph 5.4.1(b), shall, in subsequent reporting periods, calculate the interest revenue by
applying the effective interest rate to the gross carrying amount if the credit risk on the
financial instrument improves so that the financial asset is no longer credit-impaired and the
improvement can be related objectively to an event occurring after the requirements in
paragraph 5.4.1(b) were applied (such as an improvement in the borrower's credit rating)."

Recognition of interest income in case of investment in debt instrument measured at fair
value through Other Comprehensive Income

Paragraph 5.7.10 and 5.7.11 of Ind AS 109 states as follows:

5.7.10 A gain or loss on a financial asset measured at fair value through other
comprehensive income in accordance with paragraph 4.1.2A shall be recognised in other
comprehensive income, except for impairment gains or losses (see Section 5.5) and foreign
exchange gains and losses (see paragraphs B5.7.2­B5.7.2A), until the financial asset is
derecognised or reclassified. When the financial asset is derecognised the cumulative gain or
loss previously recognised in other comprehensive income is reclassified from equity to profit
or loss as a reclassification adjustment (see Ind AS 1). If the financial asset is reclassified out
of the fair value through other comprehensive income measurement category, the entity shall
account for the cumulative gain or loss that was previously recognised in other
comprehensive income in accordance with paragraphs 5.6.5 and 5.6.7. Interest calculated
using the effective interest method is recognised in profit or loss.



                                                                                    Page 11 of 12
5.7.11 As described in paragraph 5.7.10, if a financial asset is measured at fair value
through other comprehensive income in accordance with paragraph 4.1.2A, the amounts that
are recognised in profit or loss are the same as the amounts that would have been recognised
in profit or loss if the financial asset had been measured at amortised cost.

Accordingly, if a financial asset is measured at fair value through Other Comprehensive
income (FVOCI) as per paragraph 4.1.2A of Ind AS 109, then interest revenue on such an
asset calculated using effective interest rate method is recognised in profit or loss.

Recognition of interest income in case of investment in debt instrument measured at fair
value through profit or loss

Paragraph B5 (e) of Ind AS 107, Financial Instruments: Disclosures, inter alia, provides as
follows:
"B5    Paragraph 21 requires disclosure of the measurement basis (or bases) used in
      preparing the financial statements and the other accounting policies used that are
      relevant to an understanding of the financial statements. For financial instruments,
      such disclosure may include:
      (a)      .....

      (e) how net gains or net losses on each category of financial instrument are determined
          (see paragraph 20(a)), for example, whether the net gains or net losses on items at
          fair value through profit or loss include interest or dividend income."


Accordingly, the interest income in case of investment in debt instrument can either form part
of fair value gains or losses arising from changes in fair value of the instrument or can be
separately presented. In accordance with paragraph B5(e) of Ind AS 107, the entity shall
disclose its accounting policy.

It may also be noted that in case any statute/ regulatory authority governing the entity
specifically prescribes one of the above mentioned manner of the presentation, the entity
should follow the same.


                                           ---------




                                                                               Page 12 of 12

 
 
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