Latest Expert Exchange Queries
sitemapHome | Registration | Job Portal for CA's | Expert Exchange | Currency Converter | Post Matrimonial Ads | Post Property Ads
 
 
News shortcuts: From the Courts | News Headlines | VAT (Value Added Tax) | Service Tax | Sales Tax | Placements & Empanelment | Various Acts & Rules | Latest Circulars | New Forms | Forex | Auditing | Direct Tax | Customs and Excise | ICAI | Corporate Law | Markets | Students | General | Indirect Tax | Mergers and Acquisitions | Continuing Prof. Edu. | Budget Extravaganza | Transfer Pricing
 
 
 
 
Popular Search: ICAI offer Get Windows 7,Office 2010 in Rs.799 Taxes :: ARTICLES ON INPUT TAX CREDIT IN VAT :: due date for vat payment :: Central Excise rule to resale the machines to a new company :: ACCOUNTING STANDARD :: form 3cd :: VAT RATES :: TDS :: cpt :: VAT Audit :: ACCOUNTING STANDARDS :: TAX RATES - GOODS TAXABLE @ 4% :: list of goods taxed at 4% :: empanelment :: articles on VAT and GST in India
 
 
News Headlines »
 Income Tax Department expands list of deposits, transactions under scrutiny
  Income-tax Act, 1961 read with Rule 114E of Income-tax Rules, 1962
 Master Directions on Access Criteria for Payment Systems
 RBI-Scheduled Bank's Statement of Position in India as on Friday, January 06, 2017 (Revised)
 3 Big Mistakes To Avoid This Tax Season
 The Top 5 Tax Stories Of 2017
 Are multiple service tax rates in the offing?
 All you need to know about claiming tax break on HRA
 How much income tax you should pay on investments in gold?
  Best ways to save tax in 2017
 8 unknown stocks that could yield huge returns

India Needs to Get Its New Tax Right
May, 07th 2015

India’s long-awaited move to a genuine single market took a gigantic step forward on Wednesday when the lower house of Parliament passed a constitutional amendment that would make possible the introduction of a nationwide goods-and-services tax (GST) from April 2016. A single GST would replace the confusing plethora of taxes currently levied by central government in New Delhi and India's 29 states: excise duties, value-added taxes, even the odorous octroi -- a tax paid by truckers when crossing state borders. All this red tape is stifling -- a big part of the reason why some 60 percent of India's long-haul carriers are parked at any one time -- and often results in double taxation, resulting in onerously high indirect tax rates. Several experts suggest a well-designed GST would add as much as 2 percent annually to India’s GDP growth rate.

This being India, of course, there are reasons to be cautious. The government still needs to get the enabling legislation through the upper house of Parliament, which is dominated by the opposition Congress Party. Although Congress previously suggested it would support a GST, it's been emboldened by recent political victories and is now threatening to delay the bill for further examination and negotiation. Even if it passes, more than half of India’s states will have to ratify the legislation; only 11 of them are run by Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Bharatiya Janata Party.

Ironically, though, the biggest threat to a successful GST may be Modi's government itself. What matters more than passing the GST is implementing it properly. And that depends on two things: the rate at which it's set and the number of goods and services exempted from its purview. For best results, the tax needs to be reasonably low. That means it must also apply as widely as possible so that states -- who currently depend on indirect taxes for 80 percent of their revenue -- won't be starved of funds.

Early signs aren't encouraging. A provision in the current GST bill would allow states to levy an additional 1 percent tax on goods transported across state borders. Ostensibly, this is meant to appease heavily industrial states that produce the bulk of Indian goods but will no longer be able to tax them at the factory gate. In effect, it would simply replicate the octroi and prevent a true single market.

A government panel has suggested that in order for the central and state governments not to lose revenue, the tax rate will need to be set at 27 percent. That's absurdly high and would offer little relief from the current regime of cascading and overlapping taxes.

Finance Minister Arun Jaitley has admitted as much, saying he expects the rate to come down. The question is by how much. While Jaitley hasn't provided a figure, the Finance Commission, which decides the allocation of finances between the central government and the states, has suggested something around 14-16 percent.

That would be more reasonable. Unfortunately, the government’s decision to exempt alcohol, petroleum products and tobacco from the GST (as a sop to disagreeable states) may make it impossible to reach. Goods in these three categories account for around a third of all indirect tax revenues.

The exemptions are problematic for another reason. Modi hopes he'll eventually be able to persuade state governments to include these goods in the GST. It's probably more likely that such exemptions will set the stage for rent-seeking and lobbying to exempt other items, too. India’s past record suggests it's difficult to take away special exemptions once granted: The country's convoluted direct tax regime -- which has resulted in only 3 percent of the population paying income tax and companies effectively paying some 7 percentage points less than the official corporate rate -- is evidence of that.

Modi needs to get the GST passed in order to cement his reformist credentials. India needs a single tax to help cut down on waste, inefficiency and corruption. But in shepherding the bill through a difficult political process, Modi must be careful not to compromise on the two key principles of a low rate and as few exemptions as possible. Otherwise, India will end up with a system as complex and self-defeating as the one it's trying to replace.

 
 
Home | About Us | Terms and Conditions | Contact Us
Copyright 2017 CAinINDIA All Right Reserved.
Designed and Developed by Binarysoft Technologies Pvt. Ltd.
Software Development Software Programming Software Engineering Custom Software Development Requirement Based Software Development Software Solutions Software Serv

Transfer Pricing | International Taxation | Business Consulting | Corporate Compliance and Consulting | Assurance and Risk Advisory | Indirect Taxes | Direct Taxes | Transaction Advisory | Regular Compliance and Reporting | Tax Assessments | International Taxation Advisory | Capital Structuring | Withholding tax advisory | Expatriate Tax Reporting | Litigation | Badges | Club Badges | Seals | Military Insignias | Emblems | Family Crest | Software Development India | Software Development Company | SEO Company | Web Application Development | MLM Software | MLM Solutions