Latest Expert Exchange Queries
sitemapHome | Registration | Job Portal for CA's | Expert Exchange | Currency Converter | Post Matrimonial Ads | Post Property Ads
 
 
News shortcuts: From the Courts | News Headlines | VAT (Value Added Tax) | Service Tax | Sales Tax | Placements & Empanelment | Various Acts & Rules | Latest Circulars | New Forms | Forex | Auditing | Direct Tax | Customs and Excise | ICAI | Corporate Law | Markets | Students | General | Indirect Tax | Mergers and Acquisitions | Continuing Prof. Edu. | Budget Extravaganza | Transfer Pricing
 
 
 
 
Popular Search: list of goods taxed at 4% :: Central Excise rule to resale the machines to a new company :: VAT Audit :: ICAI offer Get Windows 7,Office 2010 in Rs.799 Taxes :: ACCOUNTING STANDARD :: cpt :: form 3cd :: ARTICLES ON INPUT TAX CREDIT IN VAT :: ACCOUNTING STANDARDS :: VAT RATES :: TDS :: due date for vat payment :: empanelment :: TAX RATES - GOODS TAXABLE @ 4% :: articles on VAT and GST in India
 
 
News Headlines »
 How to link your Aadhaar and PAN details to file income-tax returns
 How to calculate capital gains tax on property sold at less than stamp value?
 Return Filing - Under GST, this is how you will file tax returns from July 1
 Income tax filing FAQs part 1
 Filing Income Tax Returns? Things To Keep In Mind As Deadline Approaches
 Filing of online return for 4th quarter of 2016-17- extension of period thereof.
 New tax accounting standards may reduce leeway for infrastructure companies
 GST – CONCEPT & STATUS – As on 01st May, 2017
 Govt extends VAT deadline, relief for developers
 Income Tax Appellate Tribunal Rules, 2017
 Got your Form 16? You should file income tax returns early to enjoy benefits

Oversight in the jungle
April, 05th 2007

Good governance trickles down as positive results that benefit the common man, while poor governance distils as colourful words and phrases in public lexicon. For instance, in Indonesia, `politik uang' or `money politics' refers to fears that `local elections for regional heads and decision-making processes are bought', as Bert Hofman and Kai Kaiser write in an essay included in Decentralization and Local Governance in Developing Countries (www.oup.com).

Similarly, "Local politicians in executive and legislature are accused of failing to heed the political aspirations of the wider public (politik elit)," and "the new local heads are perceived to have started acting like little kings (raja kecil) who are not accountable to central authorities, local parliaments, or local constituencies."

Rent seeking is spreading, they say, `because many new politicians are taking their turn at the trough' (`many hands' or campur tangan). "Cigarette money (uang rokok) continues to denote the pervasive petty corruption that most Indonesians face in daily life."

The book, edited by Pranab Bardhan and Dilip Mookherjee, is about `increasing devolution of political and economic power to local government', and has case studies of decentralisation in eight countries Bolivia, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, South Africa and Uganda.

A chapter titled `local government in the jungle' by Jean-Paul Faguet speaks of OC (oversight committee) `composed of representatives of grassroots organisations within each municipality'. The author says that the OC's power lies in its natural moral authority, as well as the ability to suspend disbursements from central to local government if it judges that funds are being misused. Investment planning is discussed in village-level assemblies; "these meetings were reported to be extremely open and participatory (`even animals can attend', in the words of one respondent)."

The editors have penned a chapter on West Bengal. "There is a tendency to use local panchayats by the central committees at the state level as an instrument of political mobilisation and cultivation of political clientelism at the local level," they write. "This explains the partisan character of distribution of resources at the local level by the Gram Panchayats, combined with centralised party control of interregional allocation of development funds."

A chapter on decentralisation in Uganda asserts that for local democracy to work, citizens must not only be well informed about their government but also must use this information to penalise officials who do not respond to citizens' concerns by voting against them or participating in other political action. `The most worrisome finding', according to the authors, is that 70 per cent of Ugandans use community leaders as their main source of information on local politics. A study using regression analysis finds that people who rely on community leaders for news are `eleven percentage points less likely to have heard reports of corruption than people who rely on the media as their main source of information."

A book that highlights the role that accountability plays in the success of decentralisation.

 
 
Home | About Us | Terms and Conditions | Contact Us
Copyright 2017 CAinINDIA All Right Reserved.
Designed and Developed by Binarysoft Technologies Pvt. Ltd.
Binarysoft Technologies - Sitemap

Transfer Pricing | International Taxation | Business Consulting | Corporate Compliance and Consulting | Assurance and Risk Advisory | Indirect Taxes | Direct Taxes | Transaction Advisory | Regular Compliance and Reporting | Tax Assessments | International Taxation Advisory | Capital Structuring | Withholding tax advisory | Expatriate Tax Reporting | Litigation | Badges | Club Badges | Seals | Military Insignias | Emblems | Family Crest | Software Development India | Software Development Company | SEO Company | Web Application Development | MLM Software | MLM Solutions