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RBI-Indias International Investment Position (IIP) - Quarter ended December 2013
March, 31st 2014

International Investment Position (IIP) is a statistical statement that shows, at a point in time, the value and the composition of (i) financial assets of residents of an economy that are claims on non-residents and gold bullion held as reserve assets; and (ii) liabilities of residents of an economy to non-residents. The difference between an economy's external financial assets and liabilities is its net IIP. Such balance sheet analysis of international accounts helps in understanding sustainability and vulnerability of the economy’s external sector.

Major highlights of IIP for the quarter-ended December 2013 are as follows:

Net claims of non-residents on India (as reflected by the net IIP) increased by US$ 17.7 billion over the previous quarter to US$ 317.2 billion as at end-December 2013. This change in the net position reflected an increase of US$ 39.9 billion in the value of foreign-owned assets in India vis-à-vis an increase of US$ 22.2 billion in the value of Indian Residents’ financial assets abroad (Table 1).

Indian residents’ financial assets abroad stood at US$ 458.9 billion as at end-December 2013 recording an increase of US$ 22.2 billion over previous quarter mainly due to increase of US$ 16.7 billion in reserve assets and increase of US$ 5.8 billion in other investment abroad, mainly trade credit and currency and deposits. Direct investment abroad observed marginal decline of US$ 0.3 billion.

The foreign-owned assets in India increased by US$ 39.9 billion over the previous quarter to US$ 776.1 billion mainly due to increase of US$ 23.6 billion in currency and deposits component of ‘other investment’. Direct investment in India and portfolio investment in India also increased by US$ 8.6 billion and US$ 5.6 billion, respectively. In portfolio investment, while equity investment increased by US$ 8.0 billion, debt investment decreased by US$ 2.4 billion. Among other investment liabilities, trade credits declined by US$ 1.2 billion and loans increased by US $ 3.2 billion.

Effects of Rupee Appreciation: Variation in exchange rate of rupee vis-à-vis other currencies affected change in liabilities, when valued in US $ terms. Equity liabilities in US $ terms increased by US$ 16.3 billion, due to the  stock valuation effect resulting from rupee appreciation, while net inflow was US $ 11.5 billion during the period.

Composition of External Financial Assets and Liabilities: Reserve Assets continued to have the dominant share (64.0 per cent) in India’s international financial assets in December 2013, followed by direct investment abroad (26.1 per cent). Direct Investment (29.2 per cent), portfolio investment (22.8 per cent), loans (mainly ECBs) (22.1 per cent), trade credit (11.4 per cent) and currency and deposits (12.7 per cent) were the major constituents of the country’s financial liabilities (Table 2).

External Debt Liabilities vis-à-vis External Non-Debt Liabilities: The share of non-debt liabilities decreased marginally to 44.8 per cent as at end- December 2013 from 45.1 percent at end- September 2013 (Table 3).

Table 1: Overall International Investment Position of India

(US $ billion)

Period

Dec-12 (PR)

Mar-13 (PR)

Jun-13 (PR)

Sep-13 (PR)

Dec-13 (P)

Net IIP

-296.7

-322.2

-311.2

-299.5

-317.2

A.  Assets

443.9

447.8

434.5

436.7

458.9

  1. Direct Investment

118.1

119.5

119.5

120.1

119.8

  2. Portfolio Investment

1.5

1.4

1.3

1.3

1.3

2.1 Equity Securities

1.4

1.3

1.2

1.2

1.2

  2.2 Debt Securities

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

  3. Other Investment

28.7

34.8

31.2

38.0

43.8

  3.1 Trade Credits

5.7

3.9

6.2

8.2

10.9

  3.2 Loans

3.5

4.9

3.7

5.7

5.6

  3.3 Currency & Deposits

6.9

13.1

8.0

10.8

13.9

  3.4  Other Assets

12.6

12.9

13.3

13.3

13.6

  4.  Reserve Assets

295.6

292.0

282.5

277.2

293.9

B.  Liabilities

740.6

769.9

745.7

736.2

776.1

  1. Direct Investment

225.0

233.7

219.8

218.1

226.7

  2. Portfolio Investment

185.8

196.8

184.5

171.6

177.2

  2.1 Equity Securities

128.9

139.5

131.6

124.3

132.3

  2.2 Debt securities

56.8

57.3

52.9

47.3

44.9

 3. Other Investment

329.8

339.5

341.4

346.5

372.1

  3.1  Trade Credits

84.6

89.0

91.4

89.6

88.4

  3.2  Loans

165.5

166.9

166.3

168.7

171.9

  3.3 Currency & Deposits

67.8

71.0

71.3

75.2

98.8

  3.4 Other Liabilities

12.0

12.6

12.3

13.1

13.1

Memo item: Assets to Liability Ratio (%)

59.9

58.2

58.3

59.3

59.1

PR: Partially revised   P: Provisional;
The sum of the constituent items may not add to the total due to rounding off.

Table 2:  Composition of International Financial Assets and Liabilities of India

(per cent)

Period

Dec-12 (PR)

Mar-13 (PR)

Jun-13 (PR)

Sep-13 (PR)

Dec-13 (P)

A.  Assets

1. Direct Investment

26.6

26.7

27.5

27.5

26.1

2. Portfolio Investment

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

3. Other Investment

6.5

7.8

7.2

8.7

9.6

4. Reserve Assets

66.6

65.2

65.0

63.5

64.0

  Assets/Liabilities

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

B. Liabilities

1. Direct Investment

30.4

30.4

29.5

29.6

29.2

2. Portfolio Investment

25.1

25.6

24.7

23.3

22.8

3. Other Investment

44.5

44.1

45.8

47.1

48.0

 

Table 3: Share of External Debt and Non-Debt Liabilities of India

(per cent)

Period

Dec-12 (PR)

Mar-13 (PR)

Jun-13 (PR)

Sep-13 (PR)

Dec-13 (P)

Non-Debt Liabilities

46.4

47.1

45.7

45.1

44.8

Debt Liabilities

53.6

52.9

54.3

54.9

55.2

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Alpana Killawala
Principal Chief General Manager

Press Release : 2013-2014/1913

 
 
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