Experts' take on whether one should invest in equity for saving tax
March, 04th 2013
As we head towards the end of the financial year, a familiar exercise is set to be repeated. The month of March will see a rush of investors, who are looking to make last-minute investments in various tax-saving instruments.
Equity investments that offer tax savings are a popular avenue for most such people. However, is it a good idea to put one's money in an asset class primarily to save tax? ET talked to prominent industy experts and here is what they had to say.
Rajiv Deep Bajaj Vice-Chairman & Managing Director, Bajaj Capital
Equity not only gives superior returns, as can be seen from the long-term performance of ELSS schemes, but also leads to a tax saving of up to 30% of the investment, subject to a limit of Rs 1 lakh. Hence, up to 30% downside is underwritten by the government. Under Section 80C, investments in both debt (PPF, EPF, etc) and equity tax-saving options (ELSS) help save the same amount of tax, up to 30%, depending on one's tax slab.
The difference is in the return potential of the investment. While debt gives, at best, a high single-digit return, ELSS gives returns almost twice as high if held for over three or five years. So, discipline is inherent in ELSS investments due to the three-year lock-in period, and we know that long-term investment is essential to get the best from equity.
Hence, tax-saving and long-term investing work in tandem to deliver the desired results. The performance of ELSS is a case in point. In 10 years since February 2003, ELSS funds have given an average return of 22-23% per annum if held for three years, and 17-18% if held for five years (computed on a daily rolling basis). The RGESS outscores debt options both in terms of saving tax as well as return potential. The eligible investors get tax benefit under Section 80CCG over and above the Rs 1 lakh limit under Section 80C.
Hansi Mehrotra Managing Director (India), Hubbis
Investing in tax schemes is a sure way to lose money. Such products are not only designed badly, but also cloud the judgement. You are likely to invest in tax schemes just before the end of the financial year, which may not be the best time to do so. You tend not to do your homework on the merits of the investment, analyse the fundamentals and valuation of the stock, or assess the skills of the mutual fund team.
This means it may not be a good investment at any time. Take the RGESS, which provides tax incentives to first-time stock investors. What are the chances that to be able to outperform the market they know when to enter it or analyse annual reports to assess the merits of the company, or assess the skill of the mutual fund? Very low. They will probably fall prey to the greed of last year's 25% return. In the case of a Ulip, it's worse. The investment is bundled with insurance, has no transparency and high sales commissions. Even if investors weren't blinded by the tax incentive, they would struggle to assess its merits.
A better way would be to lower tax on dividends and long-term capital gains. Another option could be deduction in the New Pension System. One can invest in it and switch to equity option at the right valuation. So, one should invest only on merit and ignore tax incentives. That's just icing on the cake.