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M/s Mevron Projects Pvt. Ltd., (Amalgamated with Windchimes Constructions Pvt. Ltd.), A-1/8, Vasant Vihar, New Delhi-110057 Vs. ACIT, Central Circel-21, New Delhi
February, 23rd 2015
           IN THE INCOME TAX APPELLATE TRIBUNAL
                 DELHI BENCH `E', NEW DELHI
      Before Sh. N. K. Saini, AM And Sh. A. T Varkey, JM
           ITA No. 4938/Del/2013 : Asstt.     Year : 2003-04
           ITA No. 4939/Del/2013 : Asstt.     Year : 2004-05
           ITA No. 4940/Del/2013 : Asstt.     Year : 2005-06
           ITA No. 4941/Del/2013 : Asstt.     Year : 2006-07
           ITA No. 4942/Del/2013 : Asstt.     Year : 2007-08
                                &
           ITA No. 4943/Del/2013 : Asstt.     Year : 2008-09
M/s Mevron Projects Pvt. Ltd.,       Vs   ACIT, Central Circel-21,
(Amalgamated with Windchimes              New Delhi
Constructions Pvt. Ltd.), A-1/8,
Vasant Vihar,
New Delhi-110057
(APPELLANT)                               (RESPONDENT)
             ITA No. 5412/Del/2013 : Asstt.    Year : 2003-04
             ITA No. 5413/Del/2013 : Asstt.    Year : 2004-05
             ITA No. 5414/Del/2013 : Asstt.    Year : 2005-06
             ITA No. 5415/Del/2013 : Asstt.    Year : 2006-07
             ITA No. 5416/Del/2013 : Asstt.    Year : 2007-08
                                  &
             ITA No. 5417/Del/2013 : Asstt.    Year : 2008-09
DCIT, Central Circel-21,       Vs    M/s Mevron Projects Pvt. Ltd.,
New Delhi                            (Amalgamated with Windchimes
                                     Constructions Pvt. Ltd.), A-1/8,
                                     Vasant Vihar,
                                     New Delhi-110057
(APPELLANT)                          (RESPONDENT)
PAN No. AAECM5876F
           Assessee by : Sh. Kapil Goel, Adv.
           Revenue by : Sh. Gunjan Prashad, CIT DR

Date of Hearing : 12.02.2015         Date of Pronouncement : 20.02.2015
                                   2     ITA Nos. 4938 to 4943 & 5412 to 5417/Del/2013
                                                              Mevron Projects Pvt. Ltd.

                                 ORDER
Per Bench:

      These cross appeals by the assessee and the department are
directed against the separate orders each dated 26.07.2013 of CIT(A)-II,
New Delhi.

2.    Since the common issues are involved and the appeals were heard
together so these are being disposed off by this consolidated order for
the sake of convenience and brevity.

3.    First   we   will   deal   with    the    appeal         in     ITA        No.
4938/Del/2013 for the assessment year 2003-04.

4.    The assessee has raised as many as 13 grounds in this
appeal, however, the main grievance of the assessee relates to
the initiation of proceedings u/s 153C of the Income Tax Act,
1961 (hereinafter referred to as the Act), for that purpose a
specific ground i.e. ground no. 8 has been raised which read as
under:

     " 8. That on the facts and circumstances of the case and
     the provision of law the Ld. CIT Appeal has failed to
     appreciate that initiation of proceedings u/s 153C
     including issue of notice and also completion of
     assessment on the company which has already become
     non-existent on account of its merger with other
     company is illegal and bad in law as such the
     assessment being bad in law deserves to be quashed. "
                                3    ITA Nos. 4938 to 4943 & 5412 to 5417/Del/2013
                                                          Mevron Projects Pvt. Ltd.



     At the first instance, the ld. Counsel for the assessee
argued the aforesaid ground.

5.   Facts of case in brief are that a Search & Seizure
operation u/s 132 of the Act was carried out in the case of Sh.
B. K. Dhingra, Smt. Poonam Dhingra and M/s Madhusudan
Buildcon Pvt. Ltd. on 20.10.2008, during the course of search
certain documents belonging to the assessee were seized.
Therefore, the proceedings u/s 153C r.w.s 153A of the Act
were initiated and the notice u/s 153C of the Act was issued to
the assessee. It was also stated in a letter attached to the above
said notice that for the earlier notice u/s 153A of the Act
issued on 06.07.2010 to the assessee may be treated as
withdrawn as it was inadvertently issued. In response to the
aforesaid notice u/s 153C of the Act, the assessee filed the
return of income on 18.09.2010 for the assessment year 2003-
04 declaring Nil income. However, the AO framed the
assessment at an income of Rs. 32,25,180/-.




6.   Being aggrieved the assessee carried the matter to the ld.
CIT(A) and challenged the initiation of proceedings u/s 153C
of the Act. It was submitted to the ld. CIT(A) that the assessee
company was not in existence, following its merger with M/s
                                     4     ITA Nos. 4938 to 4943 & 5412 to 5417/Del/2013
                                                                Mevron Projects Pvt. Ltd.

Windchimes Constructions Pvt. Ltd. w.e.f 01.04.2008 as per
the order of the Hon ' ble Delhi High Court dated 16.08.2010,
hence the assessment was required to be made on M/s
Windchimes Constructions Pvt. Ltd. Reference was made to
several     cases   including      the    judgment         of      the     Hon ' ble
Jurisdictional      High   Court     in    the    case        of     M/s        Spice
Entertainment Ltd. Vs CIT in ITA No. 475/2011 and the
decision of the ITAT Delhi Benches ` E ' , New Delhi in the case
of ACIT Vs M/s Micra India Pvt. Ltd. in ITA No. 1060 to
1065/Del/2012. The ld. CIT(A), however, did not find merit in
the submissions of the assessee by observing that the assessee
filed the return of income in response to the notice u/s 153C of
the Act on 18.09.2010 and in response to the notices u/s 143(2)
and 142(1) of the Act, the Director wrote a letter dated
10.11.2010 by using the Letter Head of the assessee i.e. M/s
Mevron Projects Pvt. Ltd. but remained silent about the
amalgamation and informed the AO only in November, 2010
i.e. month before the case was getting barred by limitation. He
further     observed   that   the    assessment          proceedings             were
attended by M/s Windchimes Constructions Pvt. Ltd. also.
Accordingly, the ld. CIT(A) rejected the contention of the
assessee.
                                5    ITA Nos. 4938 to 4943 & 5412 to 5417/Del/2013
                                                          Mevron Projects Pvt. Ltd.

7.   Being aggrieved the assessee is in appeal. The ld. Counsel
for the assessee reiterated the submissions made before the
authorities below and further submitted that the assessee
amalgamated     w.e.f   01.04.2008     with        M/s        Windchimes
Constructions Pvt. Ltd. vide order dated 06.07.2010 of the
Hon ' ble Jurisdictional High Court. It was further stated that
the assessee intimated the AO vide letters dated 23.08.2010
and 27.08.2010 that the assessee company i.e. M/s Mevron
Projects Pvt. Ltd. was merged u/s 391 and 394 of the
Companies Act, 1956 with M/s Windchimes Constructions Pvt.
Ltd. w.e.f 01.04.2008 (a reference was made to page nos. 3 and
3A of the assessee ' s paper book). It was submitted that the AO
vide letter dated 23.08.2010 asked the assessee for non-filing
of the returns in response to the notice issued u/s 153C of the
Act (a reference was made to page no. 2 of the assessee ' s
paper book). It was submitted that the defect for not issuing
the notice u/s 153C to the amalgamating company i.e. M/s
Windchimes Constructions Pvt. Ltd., was not a curable defect,
therefore, the assessment framed on the amalgamated company
i.e. the assessee which was non-existent was void ab initio .

8.   The reliance was placed on the following decisions of the
various Benches of the ITAT:
                                6    ITA Nos. 4938 to 4943 & 5412 to 5417/Del/2013
                                                          Mevron Projects Pvt. Ltd.

     Ø Impsat (P) Ltd. Vs Income Tax Officer, (2004) 91 ITD
       354 (Del)
     Ø ACIT Vs SPN Milk Products Industries Pvt. Ltd., ITA
       No. 565 to 578/Del/2012 order dated 22.01.2012 of
       ITAT Delhi Benche ` G ' New Delhi.
     Ø ACIT Vs Dimension Apparels Pvt. Ltd., ITA No. 571
       to 576/Del/2012, order dated 21.06.2013 of ITAT
       Delhi Bench ` B ' New Delhi.
     Ø ACIT Vs Micra India Pvt. Ltd., ITA No. 1060 to
       1065/Del/2012 order dated 21.09.2012 of ITAT Delhi
       Bench ` E ' New Delhi.
     Ø ACIT Vs Chanakaya Export Pvt. Ltd., ITA No. 539 to
       544/Del/2012 order dated 19.07.2013 of ITAT Delhi
       Bench ` B ' New Delhi.
     Ø Triveni Entineering & Industries Ltd. Vs DCIT,
       (2005) 93 ITD 561(Del.)
     Ø Century Enka Ltd. Vs DCIT (2006) 101 ITD 489
       (Mum) (2008) 303 ITR 1 (Mum)
     Ø Pampasar Distillery Ltd. Vs ACIT, (2007) 15 SOT 331
       (Kol)
9.     The reliance was also placed on the following judgment
of the various Hon ' ble High Courts/Hon ' ble Supreme Courts:

     Ø Spice Entertainment Ltd. Vs CIT, ITA No. 475 of 2011
       judgment dated 08.08.2011 of Hon ' ble Delhi High
       Court
     Ø CIT Vs Express Newspapers Ltd. (1960) 40 ITR 38
       (MAD)
     Ø I. K. Agencies Pvt. Ltd. Vs CWT, Kol-II, of Hon ' ble
       Calcutta High Court (2012) 20 Taxman.com 731
       (Cal.)
     Ø CIT Vs Amarchand N. Shroff (1963) 48 ITR 59 (SC)
     Ø CIT Vs Kurban Hussain Ibrahimji Mithiborwala, 1973
       CTR (SC) 454; (1971) 82 ITR 821 (SC)
                                7    ITA Nos. 4938 to 4943 & 5412 to 5417/Del/2013
                                                          Mevron Projects Pvt. Ltd.

  Ø CIT Vs Vived Marketing Servicing Pvt. Ltd., ITA No.
    273/2009 order dated 17.09.2009 of Hon ' ble Delhi
    High Court
  Ø Khurana Engineering Ltd. Vs DCIT, SCA NO. 605 of
    2013, (2013) 217 Taxman 75 (Guj.)
  Ø Torrent Pvt. Ltd. Vs CIT, SCA No. 5857 of 2004,
    judgment dated 29.04.2013 of Hon ' ble Gujarat High
    Court.

10. In his rival submissions the ld. CIT DR strongly
supported the order of the ld. CIT(A) and further submitted
that the issuance of notice to the amalgamated company
instead of amalgamating company was a procedural defect so it
was curable. It was emphasized that the assessee participated
in the assessment proceedings and never raised the objection,
therefore, the assessment framed by the AO was valid.

11. We have considered the submission of both the parties
and carefully gone through the material available on the
record. In the present case it is an admitted fact that the
assessee   company    amalgamated      with        M/s        Windchimes
Constructions Pvt. Ltd. w.e.f 01.04.2008 vide order dated
16.08.2010 of the Hon ' ble Jurisdictional High Court and the
assessee informed the AO about this fact vide letter dated
27.08.2010 (copy of which is placed at page no. 3A of the
assessee ' s paper book) and the letter dated 23.08.2010 filed on
27.08.2010 with the Income Tax Department (copy of which is
                                       8       ITA Nos. 4938 to 4943 & 5412 to 5417/Del/2013
                                                                    Mevron Projects Pvt. Ltd.

placed at page no. 3 of the assessee ' s paper book). Therefore,
this fact was in the knowledge of the AO that the assessee was
not inexistence at the time of preparation of the satisfaction
note dated 05.07.2010 (copy is placed at page no. 1 of the
assessee ' s paper book) for issuing notice u/s 153C of the Act.
From the above facts, it is clear that the notice u/s 153C of the
Act    by   the    AO      was   not       issued      to     M/s       Windchimes
Constructions Pvt. Ltd. with which the assessee company i.e.
M/s Mevron Projects Pvt. Ltd. amalgamated. Therefore, the
assessment        framed    vide       order      dated         31.12.2010              u/s
153C/143(3) of the Act on the assessee was not valid.

12. Similar issue had been adjudicated in the case of ACIT Vs
M/s Micra India Pvt. Ltd. in ITA Nos. 1060 to 1065/Del/2012
order dated 21.09.2012 (supra). In the said case, similar search
took place and assessment was framed by the same AO of
Central Circle-21, New Delhi and even the first appellate
authority i.e. the ld. CIT(A)-II, New Delhi was also the same.
The relevant findings have been given in paras 5 & 6 which
read as under:

      " 5. On consideration of the above submissions, we find
      from the orders of the authorities below that the
      Assessing Officer in its report to the Ld. CIT(A), as
      mentioned in para no. 16 of the first appellate order,
      has admitted the fact that the assessee company was
                          9    ITA Nos. 4938 to 4943 & 5412 to 5417/Del/2013
                                                    Mevron Projects Pvt. Ltd.

amalgamated with M/s Dynamic Buildmart Pvt. Ltd.
during the assessment year 2009-10. In the assessment
order passed u/s 153C of the Income Tax Act, 1961,
name of the transferee company i.e. M/s Dynamic
Buildmart Pvt. Ltd. was also mentioned. It also
remained admitted fact that no notice u/s
143(2)/142(1) of the Income Tax Act, was issued to M/s
Dynamic Buildmart Pvt. Ltd., the transferee company
and it (transferee company) did not participate in the
assessment proceedings. Under these circumstances,
we are of the view that Ld. CIT(A) respectfully
following the decisions mentioned below, has rightly
held that assessment order passed on the assessee
company is a nullity:
a) Impsat (P) Ltd. Vs Income Tax Officer, ITAT,
   Delhi ` A ' Bench ITA No. 1430/Del/2004 dated
   28.07.2004; 2005 TTJ (Del) 552; (2004) 91 ITD
   354 (Del)
b) CIT Vs Vived Marketing Servicing Pvt. Ltd. ITA
   No. 273/2009.
c) CIT Vs Express Newspapers Ltd. (1960) 40 ITR 38
   (MAD): (1960) Tax 13(3)-282
d) CIT Vs Amarchand N. Shroff (1963) 48 ITR 59
   (SC)
e) I. K. Agencies Pvt. Ltd. Vs CWT, Kol-II, Judgment
   dated 11.03.2011
f) Triveni Entineering & Industries Ltd. Vs DCIT,
   ITAT Delhi WT Bench, (2005) 93 TTJ (Del) 806:
   (2005) 93 ITD 561
g) Century Enka Ltd. Vs DCIT dated 14.02.2006:
   2006 101 ITD 489 (Mum), 2008 303 ITR 1 (Mum)
h) Pampasar Distillery Ltd. Vs ACIT, ITAT, Kolkata
   E Bench, (2007) 15 SOT 331 (Kol)
                                10   ITA Nos. 4938 to 4943 & 5412 to 5417/Del/2013
                                                          Mevron Projects Pvt. Ltd.

    i) CIT Vs Kurban Hussain Ibrahimji Mithiborwala,
       1973 CTR (SC) 454; (1971) 82 ITR 821 (SC)
    j) Spice Entertainment Limited Vs CIT ITA 475 &
       476 of 2011
    6. We fully concur with the finding of the Ld. CIT(A)
    that a company incorporated under Indian Companies
    Act is a juristic person. It takes its birth and gets life
    with incorporation and it dies with the dissolution as
    per the provision of the Companies Act. On
    amalgamation, the company seizes to exist in the eyes
    of the law. Thus, assessment upon a dissolved company
    is impermissible as there is no provision of Income Tax
    Act to make an assessment thereupon. Ld. CIT(A), in
    our view, has therefore, rightly held that assessment on
    a company which has been dissolved by amalgamation
    u/s 391 and 394 of the Companies Act, 1956 is invalid.
    Admittedly, the assessee company in the present case
    stood dissolved on 22.12.2009 on amalgamation with
    M/s Dynamic Buildmart Pvt. Ltd. and the assessment
    order in the present case has been framed on
    31.12.2010. The first appellate order on the issue is
    thus upheld. The ground no. 4 is accordingly rejected. "

13. So, respectfully following the aforesaid referred to order
of the Co-ordinate Bench, we set aside the impugned order
passed by the ld. CIT(A) and the assessment framed by the AO
on a non-existent company is held to be invalid, for the reason
that the initiation of the proceedings for assessment was
vitiated   for   not   giving   notice     to      M/s        Windchimes
Constructions Pvt. Ltd. with which the assessee company
amalgamated.
                               11   ITA Nos. 4938 to 4943 & 5412 to 5417/Del/2013
                                                         Mevron Projects Pvt. Ltd.

14. On a similar issue, the Hon ' ble Calcutta High Court in the
case of I. K. Agencies Pvt. Ltd. Vs CWT (supra) held as under:

   " That the initiation of the proceedings for reopening of
   assessment depends upon the service of a valid notice
   in terms of section 17 upon the assessee. A notice
   issued to a person who is not in existence at the time of
   issuing such notice cannot make it valid and the law
   permits the Assessing Officer to issue a fresh notice in
   conformity with the law.
   The authorities below totally overlooked the fact that
   initiation of the proceedings for reassessment was
   vitiated for not giving notice under section 17 to the
   assessee and the notice issued upon ` A ' which was not
   in existence at that time was insufficient to initiate
   proceedings against the assessee who had taken over
   the liability of ` A ' earlier to the issue of such notice
   and such fact was also made known to the revenue.
   Thus, the reassessment proceedings were to be set
   aside on that ground alone. "

15. Similarly, the Hon ' ble Jurisdictional High Court vide
order dated 17.09.2009 in ITA No. 273/2009 in the case of CIT
Vs Vived Marketing Servicing Pvt. Ltd. (supra) held as under:

   " When the Assessing Officer passed the order of
   assessment against the respondent company, it had
   already been dissolved and struck off the register of
   the Registrar of companies under Section 560 of the
   Companies Act. In these circumstances, the Tribunal
   rightly held that there could not have been any
   assessment order passed against the company which
   was not in existence as on that date in the eyes of law
                               12   ITA Nos. 4938 to 4943 & 5412 to 5417/Del/2013
                                                         Mevron Projects Pvt. Ltd.

   it had already been dissolved. The Tribunal relied
   upon its earlier decision in Impsat Pvt. Ltd. Vs ITO
   276 ITR 136 (AT). We are of the opinion that the view
   taken by the Tribunal is perfectly valid and in
   accordance with law. No substantial question of law
   arises. Dismissed. "




16. Same view has been expressed by the Hon ' ble Gujarat
High Court on a similar issue in the case of Khurana
Engineering Ltd. Vs DCIT (OSD) (2013) 217 Taxman 75
wherein it has been held that the assessment proceedings could
not be resorted to in case of amalgamated company.

17. In view of the aforesaid discussion and keeping in view
the ratio laid down in the above said judicial pronouncements,
we are of the view that for making the assessment, it is
absolutely essential that the person so to be assessed should be
in existence at the time of making the assessment. In the
present case the assessment has been framed by the AO on a
date when the present assessee was not in existence and M/s
Windchimes Constructions Pvt. Ltd. was fastened with the
liability of the assessee but no notice was issued to the said
amalgamating company i.e. M/s Windchimes Constructions
Pvt. Ltd., therefore, the assessment framed by the AO vide
assessment order dated 31.12.2010 was not valid.
                                 13    ITA Nos. 4938 to 4943 & 5412 to 5417/Del/2013
                                                            Mevron Projects Pvt. Ltd.

18. In the other appeals of the assessee, facts are identical,
therefore, our findings given in former part of this order for
the assessment year 2003-04 shall apply mutatis mutandis .
Since the assessment orders in the case of the assessee are held
to be a nullity. The issues raised by the department in its
appeals have become infructuous and do not require any
adjudication on our part.

19. In the result, appeals of the assessee are allowed and the
appeals of the department are dismissed.
(Order pronounced in the open Court on 20/02/2015).


             Sd/-                                              Sd/-
  (A. T. Varkey)                               (N. K. Saini)
JUDICIAL MEMBER                           ACCOUNTANT MEMBER
Dated: 20/02/2015
*Subodh*

Copy forwarded to:
1. Appellant
2. Respondent
3. CIT
4. CIT(Appeals)
5.DR: ITAT
                                                  ASSISTANT REGISTRAR

 
 
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