S. 68 Bogus share capital: Share application money cannot be treated as unexplained credit if the AO does not make any investigation on the documentary evidences filed by the assessee or ask for the production of the investors for examination u/s 131 or if adverse material is found during search to prove that share application money is bogus or an arranged affair of the assessee
In this case, the assessment under section 143(3) have been passed on scrutiny assessment. The A.O. from the books of account of the assessee-company found that assessee-company has received fresh share application money of the impugned amount from M/s. Jaisri Properties Exports Pvt. Ltd., The A.O. asked the assessee-company to prove the genuineness of the transaction in the matter with supporting documentary evidence. The assessee- company filed confirmation of the Investor Company along with its particulars, bank statement and copy of the income tax return filed with the Department. The A.O. noted that there were high value transactions conducted by the Investor Company. The Investor Company has filed return of income at Rs.2,80,610 and copy of the balance sheet is not filed. The assessee-company has filed copy of the balance sheet before the authorities below. Copy of the same is also filed in the paper book. Page-53 of the paper book is balance sheet of the Investor Company to show that it has total capital of Rs.40,18,20,586 which was more than enough to make investment in share application money with the assessee-company. Thus, the objections of the A.O. have been clearly met by the assessee- company. It may also be noted that the A.O. did not dispute the identity of the Investor Company and merely on account of low income declared by the Investor Company was of the view that its creditworthiness is not explained. The A.O. on the one hand has mentioned in the assessment order that bank account of the Investor Company reveal that there are high value transactions carried out through the Bank. Therefore, creditworthiness of the Investor Company should not have been doubted. The assessee-company produced sufficient evidence before A.O. to discharge the initial onus upon it to prove the identity, creditworthiness and genuineness of the transaction in the matter. Further, the A.O. did not make any investigation on the documentary evidences filed by the assessee- company. The A.O. did not ask for the production of the Investor Company for examination under section 131 of the I.T. Act. No enquiry have been made directly or indirectly by the A.O. on the documents filed by the assessee-company at the assessment stage. No adverse material was found during the course of search to prove that share application money received by the assessee-company was bogus or was an arranged affair of the assessee-company. We may refer to following decisions in support of our findings.
7.1. Decision of the Hon’ble Supreme Court CIT vs Lovely Exports P.Ltd.  216 CTR 0195 in which it was held as under:
“If the share application money is received by the assessee company from alleged bogus shareholders, whose names are given to the AO, then the Department is free to proceed to reopen their individual assessments in accordance with law, but it cannot be regarded as undisclosed income of assessee company.”
7.2. Decision of Delhi High Court in the case of CIT vs Kamdhenu Steel & Alloys Ltd. & Ors. 361 ITR 0220 (Delhi) in which it was held as under:
“Once adequate evidence/material is given, which would prima facie discharge the burden of the assessee in proving the identity of shareholders, genuineness of the transaction and creditworthiness of the shareholders, thereafter in case such evidence is to be discarded or it is proved that it has “created” evidence, the Revenue is supposed to make thorough probe before it could nail the assessee and fasten the assessee with such a liability under s.68; AO failed to carry his suspicion to logical conclusion by further investigation and therefore addition under s.68 was not sustainable.”
7.3. Judgment of Hon’ble Delhi High Court in the case of CIT vs Vrindavan Farms P.Ltd. etc. in ITA No.71/2015 dated 12.08.2015 (Delhi) in which it was held as under:
“The sole basis for the Revenue to doubt their creditworthiness was the low income as reflected in their return of income. It was observed by the ITAT that the AO had not undertaken any investigation of the veracity of the documents submitted by the assessee, the departmental appeal was dismissed by the Hon’ble High Court.
7.4. Decision of Hon’ble Delhi High Court in the case of CIT vs. Laxman Industrial Resources Pvt. Ltd., ITA.No.169 of 2017 dated 14th March, 2017, in which it was held as under:
“The CIT(A) took note of the material filed by the assessee and provided opportunity to the AO in Remand proceedings. The AO merely objected to the material furnished but did not undertake any verification. The CIT(A) deleted the addition by relying upon the decision of the Hon’ble Apex Court in the case of Lovely Exports Pvt.Ltd. (supra) and judgement of Delhi High Court in the case of CIT vs Divine Leasing & Finance Ltd.  299 ITR 268. The ITAT confirmed the opinion of the Ld. CIT(A). Hon’ble High Court in view of the above findings noted that the assessee had provided several documents that could have showed light into whether truly the transactions were genuine. The assessee provided details of share applicants i.e. copy of the PAN, Assessment particulars, mode of amount invested through banking channel, copy of resolution and copies of the balance sheet. The AO failed to conduct any scrutiny of the document, the departmental appeal was accordingly dismissed.
7.5. Decision of Hon’ble Supreme Court in the case of Earthmetal Electrical Pvt. Ltd., vs. CIT dated 30th July, 2010 in SLP.No.21073 of 1999, in which it was held as under:
“We have examined the position, we find that the shareholders are genuine parties. They are not bogus and fictitious therefore, the impugned order is set aside.”
7.6. Decision of Hon’ble Delhi High Court in the case of CIT vs. Divine Leasing & Finance Ltd., 299 ITR 268, in which it was held as under :
“No adverse inference should be drawn if shareholders failed to respond to the notice by A.O.”
7.7. Decision of Hon’ble Madhya Pradesh High Court in the case of CIT vs. Peoples General Hospital Ltd., (2013) 356 ITR 65, in which it was held as under :
“Dismissing the appeals, that if the assessee had received subscriptions to the public or rights issue through banking channels and furnished complete details of the shareholders, no addition could be made under section 68 of the Income-tax Act, 1961, in the absence of any positive material or evidence to indicate that the shareholders were benamidars or fictitious persons or that any part of the share capital represented the company’s own income from undisclosed sources. It was nobody’s case that the non-resident Indian company was a bogus or non-existent company or that the amount subscribed by the company by way of share subscription was in fact the money of the assessee. The assessee had established the identity of the investor who had provided the share subscription and that the transaction was genuine. Though the assessee’s contention was that the creditworthiness of the creditor was also established, in this case, the establishment of the identity of the investor alone was to be seen. Thus, the addition was rightly deleted. CIT v. LOVELY EXPORTS P. LTD.  319ITR (St.) 5 (SC) applied.”
7.8. Decision of Hon’ble Delhi High Court in the case of CIT vs. (i) Dwarakadhish Investment P. Ltd., (ITA.No. 911 of 2010) and (ii) Dwarkadhish Capital P. Ltd., (ITA.No.913 of 2010) (2011) 330 ITR 298 (Del.) (HC), in which it was held as under :
“In any matter, the onus of proof is not a static one. Though in section 68 of the Income Tax Act, 1961, the initial burden of proof lies on the assesses yet once he proves the identity of the creditors/share applicants by either furnishing their PAN number or income-tax assessment number and shows the genuineness of transaction by showing money in his books either by account payee cheque or by draft or by any other mode, then the onus of proof would shift to the Revenue. Just because the creditors/share applicants could not be found at the address given, it would not give the Revenue the right to invoke section 68. One must not lose sight of the fact that it is the Revenue which has all the power and wherewithal to trace any person. Moreover, it is settled law that the assessee need not to prove the “source of source”. The assessee-company was engaged in the business of financing and trading of shares. For the assessment year 2001-02 on scrutiny of accounts, the Assessing Officer found an addition of Rs.71,75,000 in the share capital of the assessee. The Assessing Officer sought an explanation of the assessee about this addition in the share capital. The assessee offered a detailed explanation. However, according to the Assessing Officer, the assessee failed to explain the addition of share application money from five of its subscribers. Accordingly, the Assessing Officer made an addition of Rs.35,50,000/- with the aid of section 68 of the Act, 1961 on account of unexplained cash credits appearing in the books of the assessee. However, in appeal, the Commissioner of Income-tax (Appeals) deleted the addition on the ground that the assessee had proved the existence of the shareholders and the genuineness of the transaction. The Income-tax Appellate Tribunal confirmed the order of the Commissioner of Income-tax (Appeals) as it was also of the opinion that the assessee had been able to prove the identity of the share applicants and the share application money had been received by way of account payee cheques. On appeal to the High Court: Held, dismissing the appeals, that the deletion of addition was justified.”
7.9. Decision of Hon’ble Delhi High Court in the case of CIT vs. Winstral Petrochemicals P. Ltd., 330 ITR 603, in which it was held as under :
“Dismissing the appeal, that it had not been disputed that the share application money was received by the assessee-company by way of account payee cheques, through normal banking channels. Admittedly, copies of application for allotment of shares were also provided to the Assessing Officer. Since the applicant companies were duly incorporated, were issued PAN cards and had bank accounts from which money was transferred to the assessee by way of account payee cheques, they could not be said to be non-existent, even if they, after submitting the share applications had changed their addresses or had stopped functioning. Therefore, the Commissioner (Appeals) and the Tribunal were justified in holding that the genuineness of the transactions had been duly established by the assessee.”
7.10. Decision of Hon’ble Delhi High Court in the case of CIT vs. Value Capital Services Pvt. Ltd., (2008) 307 ITR 334 (Del.) (HC), in which it was held as under :
“Dismissing the appeal, that the additional burden was on the Department to show that even if the share applicants did not have the means to make the investment, the investment made by them actually emanated from the coffers of the assessee so as to enable it to be treated as the undisclosed income of the assessee. No substantial question of law arose.”
8. Considering the facts of the case in the light of material on record, it is clear that assessee-company produced sufficient documentary evidence before A.O. to prove the ingredients of Section 68 of the I.T. Act. The A.O. however, did not make any further enquiry on the documents filed by the assessee-company. The A.O. thus, failed to conduct any enquiry and scrutiny of the documents at assessment stage and merely suspected the transaction between the Investor Company and assessee-company because the Investor Company was from Kolkata. The A.O. thus, did not perform his duties at the assessment stage so as to make addition against the assessee-company. No cash was found deposited in the account of the Investor. Therefore, the totality of the facts and circumstances clearly prove that assessee-company discharged initial onus to prove identity of the Investor Company, its creditworthiness and genuineness of the transaction in the matter. The Ld. CIT(A) on proper appreciation of the evidence before him correctly deleted the addition. No interference is called for in the matter. The decisions relied upon by the Ld. D.R. would not support the case of the Revenue in view of the fact that no enquiry have been conducted by the A.O. in this case to dispute the documentary evidence filed by the assessee-company. The Departmental appeal has no merit and is accordingly dismissed.